THE IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF ENUGU STATE)


THE IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF ENUGU STATE)

ABSTRACT

In this research work, the researcher intended to have a general discussion with local government as my background.  But lack of space may not allow me for detailed discussion and analysis. However, all essentials part of the impact of local government administration in economic and social development in Nigeria are discussed. In chapter one, I discussed the background, the problem, purpose of the study, scope, some research question and research hypothesis, significance, and some definition of terms. In chapter two, contains review of related literature, local government, social and economic development process, characteristic of rural area and the history of local government in Nigeria. Furthermore, chapter three contains research design, area of the study, population and sample size, instrument for data collection validation of instrument, reliability of instrument and method of data collection and method of data analysis. And chapter four, contains presentation and analysis of data, testing of hypothesis and summary of result. Finally chapter five, contains discussion of result findings, conclusion, implication of the research findings, recommendation, limitation and suggestion for further research.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page………………..i

Certification………….…ii

Dedication………………iii

Acknowledgement……….iv

Table of content……...…v

Abstract.......................vi

Chapter one:  

Introduction                                   

1.1    Background of the study                       

1.2    Statement of the problem                   

1.3    Objectives of the study                       

1.4    Research Hypothesis                       

1.5    Significance of the study                       

1.6    Scope of the Study                           

1.7    Limitation of the Study                       

1.8    Definition of Term                           

Reference 

CHAPTER TWO:

Review of related literature                       

2.1    Local government administration               

2.2    Social and economic development process       

2.3    Characteristics of rural areas                   

2.4    The history of local government in Nigeria       

2.5    Local Government Mobilization For Communal Development                               

2.6    Sources of revenue generation in the local        

Reference      

CHAPTER THREE:         

Research Design and Methodology                   

3.1    Research Design                           

3.2    Population of the Study                       

3.3    Sampling Selection for the Study               

3.4    Sampling Techniques                        

3.5    Instrument for Data Collection                   

3.6    Validation of the instrument                   

3.7    Reliability of the instrument                   

3.8    Method of Data Analysis                       

Reference 

CHAPTER FOUR:         

Data presentation and analysis                   

4.1    Presentation and Analysis of Data               

4.2    Data Analysis                                

4.3    Discussion of Results                       

References 

CHAPTER FIVE:           

Discussion, Recommendation andConclusion           

5.1    Summary of Result                            

5.2    Conclusions                                

5.3    Recommendations                           

Bibliography                                   

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE:

INTRODUCTION:

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY -

This study is a modest attempt at a lucid explication of the impact of local government in Nigeria.

Nigerian local government system has witnessed tremendous transformation since the introductions of the 1988 civil service reforms and its application at the local government administration one of the changes introduced to strengthen the local government is the direct payment of their statutory allocations which was increased from 15% to 20%.  In addition local government auditor was established in each state government to ensure proper utilization of financial resources at the local level to check any misappropriation of public funds.  Also all local government now has a common structure which distinguish them from service department.

Local government at any level has some stand and roles such as the maintenance of law and order, the promotion of economic and social development.  They are left with considerable freedom to act as they see fit for the interest of the local community.

From the point of view the government as agents of development are will place to help the rural areas to develop.  These can be done by investing in social and economic infrastructure such as roads, bridges, hospitals, schools, electrification and telecommunication.  The other essential duties inherited from the Native Authorities include rural and the urban water supplies markets and libraries.  We generally regard the convenience list as including those extra amenities which make for a better life in the community, other than those life in the community, other than those which are concerned with fighting discuss e.g. bus and lorry parks.  The regulation of handcarts on the streets, community and recreation centers, parks and open spaces, grazing areas and fuel plantations, the naming of streets and the numbering of buildings.  These are recognized as automatically the responsibility of the local government.  They also help in the service of park control and supply of water, electricity and gas, the provision of road and water transport, and any other trading undertaking that the state government specifically authorizes.

The local government also take care for a specifically health orientation and supplying of drugs, a midwifery service, to arrange for health visiting and home nursing to provide facilities for vaccination and immunization.

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM -

Local government is expected to become more meaningful in facilitating social and economic development at the grassroots level.  Central to the achievement of these objectives is the financial viability of this tier of government.  This point has been subtly underscored by “Dasuki panel” on local government administration, when it observed inter alia that a good number of local government roles could not be performed at all, due to a variety of reasons principal among which are:

(a)    Inadequate financial capacity

(b)    Lack of necessary technical manpower, and erosion of functions particularly in the revenue yielding areas by state government – thus reducing the revenue base of the local government.

This demonstrates that success or failure of local government depends among other things, on their revenue base, the fiscal resources available and the way these resources are utilized.  However, central to the above is the ability of the local government to generate substantial financial resources which is one of the tripartite goals of every local government in Nigeria more importantly, one is inclined to think that this is the point that can give an impact in breaking the vicious cycle of poverty of NSUKKA local government.  The researcher wants to identify the reasons for the vicarious cycle, and proffer a solution to the above problems.

1.3    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY -

This study seeks to look at the contribution of local government development of rural areas in Nigeria using NSUKKA local government area of ENUGU state.

This research also aimed at identifying different factors militating the effectiveness of local government and solutions to those problems identified and it will be offered at the completion of the research work.

Finally, the study makes a modest attempt to fulfill this purpose in the social and economic development of the effective delivery of service to the respective local populations scattered all over the country.  It also make a recommendations on making local government an effective third level of government, the development and management of the human resources of local governments and the development of the financial resources of local government.  The overall thrust of the recommendation is on how to ensure faithful implementation of local government.

1.4    RESEARCH QUESTIONS -

1.    Do local governments have any role to play in the economic development of rural area?

2.    To what extent has local government administration?

Played its roles in rural area?

3.    Does low morale among the staffs of local government militate development of rural areas?

4.    Are there any constraints that militate against the success of development process of local government?

5.    Does weak financial base hinder the goals of meeting up rural development?

1.5    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY -

The need and importance of the research is obvious.  At a time when local government has come to assume an overwhelming influence on the process of political and economic development.

It becomes more relevant to examine much more closely, the characters and dynamics of this three tier of government and to clarify the major contradictions that have landed to impede its capacity to promote development at local level.

However, a scientific study of this kind becomes necessary especially at this time when the past and present civilian administrations are particularly concern about rural development.

Finally, this study will generally add to the growing numbers of literature on local government affairs, more particularly on the roles of local government administration in economic ad social development of rural area in Nigeria and pragmatic solutions offered towards making them more efficient and responsive to the needs of rural Nigerians, it also to policy makers and researchers alike.

1.6    SCOPE OF THE STUDY -

This research area and dimension of coverage is based on only the roles of local government administration in economic and social development of rural area in Nigeria and to staff, teachers businessmen, farmers, in Nsukka South local government of Enugu State.

1.7    LIMITATION OF THE STUDY -

This study seeks to look at the contribution of local government development administration in economic and social development of rural area in Nigeria.

    This research also aimed at identifying different factors militating the effectiveness of local government and solution to those problems identified and the will be offered at the completion of the research work.

    Questionnaire have been designed to cover all solvent facts of local government development administration in economic and social development in Nigeria, not all column of information will be analyzed and used in the study.

    Obviously only those information immediately required providing a sound base for preferred to collect and the difficult in getting questionnaires returned would mutability put a limitation to both sample size and the amount of useful data available to whose situation.

    Finally, the study makes a modest attempt to fulfill this purpose in the social and economic development of the effective delivery of service to the respective local population scattered all over the country.

    It also make a recommendation on making local government an effective third based of government, the development and management of the human resource of local government an effective third base of government, the development and management of the human resource of local and the development of the financial resource of local government.

    The overall thrust of the recommendation is on how to ensure faithfully implementation of local government. 

1.8    DEFINITIONS OF TERMS -

The following terms have been defined for the purpose of this study:

(i)    Local government:  This is government at a local level exercised through representative councils established by laws toe exercise specific functions with in a defined area.

(ii)    Development:  Development is a multi – dimensional process involving a re-organizational and reorientation of the entire economic and social system, in addition to improve income and outcome. Its typically involves radical changes in institutional, social as well popular attitude and sometimes even customs and belief.

(iii)    Council:  This refers to the organ that constitute representation of people either elected or nominated.

(iv)    Social Economic Development:  This is a combination of social and economic development.  It embraces improvement in not only standard of living and per-capital income, but also high level of employment, reducing inflation, adequate food, high infrastructures, stressing values rather than achievement.

(v)    Objectives:  These are end results to which an organization or government activity directed objective are hierarchical in nature are determined or formulated by top management of an organization after economic, social and political forces affecting the organization have been apprised.

(vi)    Programmes;  This consists of essentially integrated series of development projects that spans over a length of time.

REFERENCES -

Adekunle, O. S. (1978)  Community Development Process.

 New York City, Longman.

Geoffery, D. B. (1957) Organization and Practice of Local

Government.  Case studies in the printing industry London, Longman.

Stewart, J. D. (1971) Managements in local government,

A viewpoint, London, Charles Knight and Co. Ltd.

Nmor, A. I. (1969) The Future of government in Nigeria,

University  of Ife Press.

.

THE IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF ENUGU STATE)



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.




TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.