Title Page





Table of Content 


1.1 Introduction 

1.2 Statement of Problems 

1.3 Purpose of Study

1.4 Significance of Study

1.5 Limitation of Study 

1.6 Scope of Study

1.7 Definition of Terms 


2.1 Meaning of Labour 

2.2 Classification of Labour 

2.3 The Impact of Labour Relation in an Organization 

2.4 Factors for Good Labour Relation 

2.5 Problems of Labour Relation 

2.6 Public Policy Dealing with Joint Relation 


3.1 Research Methodology 

3.2 Research Design 

3.3 Sources of Data 

3.4 Method of Data Analysis 


4.1 Historical background of the case study  

4.2 Role of Labour Relation

4.3 Employee Representative Plans 

4.5 Requirements for successive Negotiation


5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 

5.1 Conclusion

5.2 Recommendation




The impact of labour relation in the productivity of an organization. The concept evolves from historical circumstances that accomplished the management revolution in Britain in the 18th and 19th centuries.

The management revolution was accompanied by formalization of work relationship in form of the employment contract that is supposedly entered into the equal of free individuals and those individuals are the workers and the employers.

It is important to note that the two partners involves in this contract are anything unequal. In this circumstances of equality workers is confronted with the fear of unemployment while the employer is interested in profit maximization and because of the possibilities of the life chance of the workers at least in relation to mean of production i.e. their position in the work place, workers find it necessary to organization into trade union to extract and demand their term and condition of work from the employer.

The relationship become formalized with the evolution of trade union which signifies employees concerns as a group about those aspects of work that directly affect them. Recognition of this interest on the part of employer not only ensures relative management peace but also shows that both labour and management are committed to the survival of the enterprise.

This despite the generally adversely characteristic of labour management relationship, the two sides are of necessity expected to co-operate with each other, if for no other reason then the achievement of individual goal, the workers needs the job from which he earns his living and support his family, while management official must ensure a reasonable return or investment to the owner.

The desire to achieve these private goals inevitably induces the two sides to seek the survival of the enterprise.

Quite apart from the participative argument for industrial decision making the worker spends a considerable proportion of his or her day in the work place. In Nigeria, a worker is required to put in a minimum of 8hours a day at work. By this single evidence his interaction at work with co-workers, supervisors and managers is .a crucial importance. This is all the more so since the effects of these interactions go far beyond what happens at the work place. The modern industrial sector worker has therefore come to see the impact of labour relation as the instrument of effective means of achieving improvement in his or her condition of work. The process through which this is achieved is the collective bargaining machinery which gives the workers a right to be heard in industry.


In every organization setup, whether charitable, economics, social or otherwise two indispensable groups are easily discernable.

These groups labour and management constitute the pivot or which the activities of the organization revolved. This project will study the impact of labour relation and productivity in Kwara State Polytechnic Ilorin. It is well known fact that the more related management and labour is the more the level of production.

The peculiar problems may be asked:

a. Does the type of leadership practice by management also affect productivity?

b. Does the extent of employee relationship with top management in Kwara State Polytechnic Ilorin affect are productivity?

c. To what extent can various types of motivation required by labour in Kwara State Polytechnic Ilorin be provided?


The study aims at conducting a research to find out how the impact of the labour relation and productivity in Kwara State Polytechnic Ilorin could be improved. So as to ensure the attainment of a high level of productivity. It is also concern with findings how management style affect the behaviour and output of employee at work. Finally to know the historical background of Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.


The significant of the study of impact of labour relation and productivity is for the management to know how to promote understanding and peaceful relation at work even though peaceful relation ensure the widest co-operation and mutual trust among all those who are involved in the production. It will find solution to problem affecting the employment condition or workers as well as industrial efficiency.


Like every other human endeavours this has up and down. The limitation we faced is this constraint in carryout the project.

The other one’s the level of bureaucracy that exists in the institutions. Also our limited exposure to project research process affects us, despite all these limitations we hope to conduct and present a reliable project.


In this write up the area that is being focused is the impact of labour relationship that exists between labour and management which affects productivity in Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin. This study is critically with the aim to find out its level at present and the impact it has on output; including way of improving on it’s, for a better output in the future. We are just limiting ourselves to organization and hope to make the findings general for all business organization. Both the junior and senior will be involved in the project.


Labour: It can be defined as any human efforts of body and mind which are directed towards achieving goals. It could be skilled and unskilled and scientific artistic

Productivity: A means of overall production efficiency, effectiveness and performances of the individual organization.

Organization: Is the process where by people come together to achieve goal or specific idea.



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