ROLES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (a case study of local governments in Ebonyi state).

ROLES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (a case study of local governments in Ebonyi state).  

CHAPTER One: Introduction

The Federal Government of Nigeria, through the 1976 Local Government Reforms, explained Local Government as follows: “Local Government is Government at Local level exercised through representative councils established by Law to exercise specific power within defined areas” (Government print: 1976).

The United Nations Office for Public Administration explained Local Government as: “A political division of a nation (in a Federal or State system) which is constituted by Law and has substantial control of Local affairs including the power to impose taxes to exact labor for prescribed purposes.

W. A. Robson, in the Encyclopedia of the Social Services, defines Local Government as involving:

“The conception of a territorial, non-sovereign community possessing the legal right and the necessary organ to regulate its own affairs.

This, in turn, presupposes the existence of a Local authority with the power to act independently of external control as well as the participation of the local community in the administration of its affairs”.

The Encyclopedia Americana, International Edition (1978), volume 17, defines Local Government as: “a political subdivision of national government or in the case of Federal Systems, a subdivision of regional Government”.

The New Columbia Encyclopedia (4th Ed.), defines it as the: “sub-political administration of the smallest sub-divisions of a country’s territory and population. Ugwu (2002) defines Local Government as “the lowest unit of administration to whose laws and regulations communities who live in a defined geographical area and with common social and political ties are subject. Though these definitions may tend to vary, yet they expose features characteristic of Local Government, among which are that:

i. Local Government is government at the local level;

ii. It has its autonomous existence and endowed with a legal status;

iii. Specific powers are reserved for it;

iv. It can impose taxes and incur expenses;

v. it exists within a defined territory;

vi. It is seen as a distinct tier of Government;

vii. It must provide authority over a given population;

viii. It must provide avenues for the promotion of the welfare of the members of the community;

ix. It comprises elected members, such as chairmen and councilors.

1.1            Background of the Study

The local government, were created so as to enable the Federal and state government exercise effective control and development of the rural communities.

Hence, among the effective role of the local government (Anaocha local government) is the provision of      two  way communication channel between the local communities  and the central  government through the mobilization of  human  and material resources at the grass root.

The implication of the above is that the concept of rural as well as national development depends  on the  effective local government leaderships and administration for its success (Ngwu 1980) It also, implies that effective local  government is required for the planning, preparation and submission of the proposal for funding and initiation of any meaningful development project in Nigeria, this goes a long way to validate the assertion  made by  Agu (2001) that effective and efficient  leadership and administration of the  local government is required for  the sustenance  and utilization of development project in any nation. Hence the studies of Ezike (1998:45) and Hassan (1999:66) revealed that effective implement of development project are contingent on strong leadership of the local government area, particular at the planning stage.

In rural as well as national development, the understanding of the local power structure is capable of enhancing or impeding the implementation of development project. In addition local government (Anaocha) leadership is always required for the genuine involvement of the people at the grass root in any development project or activities of the government.

However, the local government (Anaocha) had actually in fulfilling their roles due to both financial as well as political problem. According to Williams (1998-50) most local government in Nigeria suffer from inadequate financial resources, this was recently known as zero accusation. Anaocha local government was vastly affected by this zero allocation epidemic and this affected a great number of developmental activities including the payment of its staff. Consequently, the available fund was not appropriately used due to the frustrating effort of the local government authority effort of the local government authority which was as a result of mismanagement. The local government in some cases suffers from over-staffing to the extent that most of its recourses are spent on the payment of staff salaries. The research seek to appraise the role of local government in Economic Development


        Local government is the third tier  government established  to bring the presence  of government  nearer to the people at the  grass root,  with the aim  of providing some basic  functions or needs  of life such as, food, shelter, job opportunities primary b health  service, primary education, by roads,  market and so on. But contrary to expectations, the local governments have noticeable failed in their constitutional responsibilities. They are generally classified as been unproductive (President Oluegun Obasanjo in his address to the nation on the reasons behind the current local government reform: 2003. Stated that this current reform is  one of the major reforms previously done  on the local  government  system  in Nigeria, with their  sole objective of reforming the local government  system  to be effective and efficient , responsive and   objective. The local government is faced with a number of problems. 

-        The problem of lack of productivity in the  local government.

-        The problem of unemployment and low incomes   for target group.

-        Lack of improved qualities in the basic needs of life- food, shelter, job opportunities health service, education etc.

-          Inability of the local government council to ensures that the poorer section of the population has some share in the fruits of economic activities. Lack of social services and economic growth. Therefore the problem confronting this research is to investigate the role of local government in economic development.

1.2            objective of the study

To determine the nature of local government administration.  To determine the nature of development in local government administration. To determine the role of local government in economic development.

1.4    Research Questions

1 What is the nature of Local government Administration?

2 What is the nature of Economic development in local government Administration?

3       What is the role of local government  in Economic development

1.5        Significance of the Study

The study shall provide a framework of the nature of local government administration and its role in the determination of economic development.

It seek to further draw attention of all stakeholders comprising of the federal government, state government etc to the significance of the local government with a view to Assiting it overcome its numerous challenges towards the attainment of economic development

1.6 Statement of Hypothesis

1   Ho The level of Economic Development is Low

     Hi The level of Economic Development is high

2   Ho The problem confronting local government is low

    Hi The problem confronting local government is high

3   Ho The role of local government in economic development is not effective

   Hi    The role of local government in economic development is effective

1.7            Scope  of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the role of local government in economic development a case study of local governments in Ebonyi state.

1.8     Definition of Terms

The following terms have been defined for the purpose of this study.

. Local government: This is government at a local level exercised through representative council established by laws toe exercise specific functions with in a defined area

Empowerment is a process by which individuals and groups gain power, access resources         and gain control over their own lives. It enables them to gain the ability to achieve their highest personal and collective aspirations and goals. Furthermore, the methodology

of the study is logical argumentation.

. Development: Development is a multidimensional process involving a re-organizational and re-orientation of the entire economic system in addition to improve income and outcome. Its typically involves radical changes in institution social as well popular attitude and sometimes even customers and belief.

. Council: This refers to the organ the constitute representation of people either elected or nominated

. Economic development: This economic development embraces improvement in standard of living and per capital income but also high level of employment reducing inflation adequate food high infrastructures stressing values rather than achievement.

 Objectives: These are end result to which an organization or government activity directed objectives are hierarchical in nature are determined to formulate by top management of an organization after economic social & political force affecting the organization have been apprized.

. Programmes: This consists of essentially integrated series of development projects that spans over a length of time



RESEARCHWAP.COM is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing