IMPACT OF HOME ECONOMICS LABORATORY FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF HOME ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN OGBIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA


IMPACT OF HOME ECONOMICS LABORATORY FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF HOME ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN OGBIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA    

ABSTRACT

This study examined the impact of home economics laboratory for effective teaching and learning of home economics in senior secondary school in Ogbia Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. The study was guided by three research objectives which are: to ascertain the impacts of the use of home economics laboratory on the senior secondary school students in Ogbia Local Government Area, to establish the prevalence of the use of home economics laboratory among the senior secondary school students in Ogbia Local Government Area and to investigate the reasons for the use of home economics laboratory among the senior secondary school students in Ogbia Local Government Area. A sample of two hundred students was selected and the data collected were subjected to analysis. The research came up with the recommendation that home economics teachers should use a home economics laboratory in teaching home economics Government should also establish a home economics laboratory in all schools like other science subjects’ laboratories and that home economics student teachers should be trained on the use of home economics laboratory.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page---------

Approval Page--------

Declaration--------

Dedication---------

Acknowledgement-------

Abstract---------

Table of Contents-------

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1Background of the Study-----

1.2Statement of the Problem----

1.3Objectives of the Study------

1.4Research Questions------

1.5Research Hypothesis------

1.6Significance of the Study-----

1.7Scope of the Study------

1.8 Limitations of the Study - - - - -

1.9Definition of Terms------

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1Introduction-------

2.2Theoretical Framework-----

2.3Conceptual Framework-----

2.4 Empirical Review - - - - - -

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1Introduction-------

3.2Research Design------

3.3Population of Study------

3.4Sample size and Sampling Techniques---

3.5Method of Data Collection-----

3.6 Research Instrument

3.7Validity of the Instrument-----

3.8Reliability of the Instrument----

3.9Sampling Method------

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1Introduction-------

4.2Data Presentation and Analysis----

4.3Testing Hypothesis------

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1Summary--------

5.2Conclusion--------

5.3Recommendations------

References --------

Appendix - - - - - - - -

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background to the Study

Home economics has an important place in our educational system in Nigeria. No other academic discipline incorporates in its curriculum as many pertinent life skills that will help students succeed independently of their chosen career paths. The knowledge obtained through home economics will prove valuable throughout the lifespan. The most important aspect of Home Economics is that students not only learn about subject matter that has relevance to their present lives but will constantly be of use as they continue to grow.

It obvious that home economics is a subject that serves as a foundation for skill development among students and proper attention must therefore be paid to its development to encourage students to always have a keen interest in the subject. The laboratories where practical classes are held must be fully equipped and properly funded. The Laboratory is seen as the focal point for the science-oriented course as Home Economics education. According to Awodi (2005), the realities of school laboratories in this country have been that there are either no laboratories or the few available are ill-equipped. This problem is also applicable to Home Economics education. Most tertiary institutions in Nigeria, particularly Bayelsa State that offers Home Economics have an acute shortage of laboratory. In some schools, there are no specified Home Economics Laboratories. All that one sees is a common classroom labeled as Home Economics laboratory. There is no specific laboratory assigned for Clothing and Textiles, Food and Nutrition, Home Management, and Child Development. Because of the inadequacy of lack of laboratories, in some schools, many of these institutions have problems with inadequate equipment and instructional materials. This is because if an institution lacks a laboratory for such a vocational course as Home Economics, how then would such challenged to equip the department, how and where would such equipment be installed for use and safety?

This fact corroborates with research carried out by Maduabum (1986), which showed that the realities of the situation of inadequate infrastructure range from no science laboratories at all to one microscopic science laboratory. He observed that what obtained was the existence of 'well-equipped laboratories', only on paper. Other researches by Soyibo (1986), Ezike (1986), and Olayiwola (1999) confirmed this shortage of laboratories in Nigerian secondary schools. Home Economics encourages ventilation for conducive practical in some schools. This affects the effective teaching and learning of Home HomeEconomicsin in Nigeria.

Consequently, in order to ensure better and improved learning, there is the need for educational infrastructure like classroom blocks, laboratories, etc in teaching and learning of a science-oriented course, as Home Economics cannot be over-emphasized. Undoubtedly, these facilities make learning and teaching easy, lively, and productive. They also, provide direct experience and content between the learners and the materials, ensuring a better grasp of the concept that is learned. Such a medium used for teaching/learning creates a lasting impression. Education infrastructure is an inevitable instrument in our educational process, if we must advance scientifically and technologically to meet up the challenges of the modern world. According to Eshiet (1996), laboratories are workhouses for scientific practices, for the search of new ideas and information. Edem (1987), states that whatever resources are available are not often utilized due to poor planning and maintenance. In-home Economics subjects, there should be an adequate supply of equipment, instructional materials, and professional teachers if the quality of education is to be maintained in the country. Ozigi (1977), supported this fact by saying that items of school equipment are essential aids to effective teaching and learning. They are the teachers1 trade tools. An institution that lacks essential equipment cannot reasonably expect to achieve its main objective in students' performance, hence poor performance.

1.2   Statement of the Problem

There has been significant interest in poor performance in home economics by secondary school students and this points to the fact that the most desired technological, scientific, and economic application of home economics cannot be sustained. This makes it paramount to seek a strategy for teaching home economics that aims at improving its understanding and performance by students. It is evident in the works of Srinivasa, (1978) and Ogunkunle (2000) that lack of mathematics laboratory and Mathematics teachers non-use of laboratory technique in teaching mathematics is one of the major factors that contribute to poor achievement in mathematics by secondary school students. The problem is not in mathematics alone but the same thing can also be said of home economics. Therefore the study is designed to find out the impact of home economics laboratory for effective teaching and learning of home economics in senior secondary school in Ogbia Local Government Area of Bayelsa State.

1.3   Research Questions

The following are some of the questions which this study intends to answer:

i)            What are the impacts of the use of home economics laboratory on the senior secondary school students in the Ogbia Local Government Area?

ii)          What is the prevalence of the use of home economics laboratory among the senior secondary school students in the Ogbia Local Government Area?

iii)        What are the reasons for the use of a home economics laboratory among the senior secondary school students in the Ogbia Local Government Area?

1.4   Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of this study was to examine the impact of home economics laboratory for effective teaching and learning of home economics in senior secondary school in Ogbia Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. The specific objective included:

i)            To ascertain the impacts of the use of home economics laboratory on the senior secondary school students in Ogbia Local Government Area.

ii)          To establish the prevalence of the use of home economics laboratory among the senior secondary school students in the Ogbia Local Government Area.

iii)        To investigate the reasons for the use of home economics laboratory among the senior secondary school students in the Ogbia Local Government Area.

1.5   Research Hypotheses

The research hypotheses to be tested include:

i)            There is no significant relationship between the availability of laboratory and effective teaching of home economics among the teachers of the senior secondary school students in Ogbia Local Government Area.

ii)          There is no significant correlation between the availability of laboratory and effective learning of home economics among the students of the senior secondary school in Ogbia Local Government Area.

1.6   Significance of the Study

Findings from this study would be beneficial to state and federal government on the need to provide adequate and well-equipped laboratories to secondary schools where they can learn and carry out their practices to enhance their academic performances. It will also help the students to be familiar with new technological equipment for better learning. This study will also contribute to academic knowledge and serve as a foundation upon which further research can be made.

1.7   Scope of the Study

This study investigated the impact of home economics laboratory for effective teaching and learning of home economics in senior secondary school in Ogbia Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. Variables of interest include laboratory, effective teaching, and learning. While effective teaching and learning are dependent variables, the laboratory is the independent variable.

1.8   Limitation of the study

The researcher was constrained by the busy attitudes of the respondents but was still able to gather the intended data required for the successful completion of the project. However, the above limitation notwithstanding, the researcher is optimistic that the present study will be adequate to serve the purpose for which it is intended.

1.9   Definitions of Terms

The following terms were used in the course of this study:

Home economics: field of study that deals with the economics and management of the home and community. It deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live.

Secondary school: This is the next step up from primary school. Secondary schools are often called high schools in the United States. In Britain, secondary schools may be public schools grammar schools, or comprehensive schools

Laboratory: any place, situation, set of conditions, or the like, conducive to experimentation, investigation, observation, etc.; anything suggestive of a scientific laboratory.

Learning is the act of acquiring new or modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences which may lead to a potential change in synthesizing information, depth of the knowledge, attitude, or behavior relative to the type and range of experience.

Teaching: the process of attending to people’s needs, experiences and feelings, and making specific interventions to help them learn particular things.

REFERENCES

Awodi, N.O &Audu, M.O (2005).Biological sciences infrastructures: A veritable tool for

a scientific-technological breakthrough and national development. Paper presented at the 3rd annual national conference of the school of sciences, college of education, Oju 27- 29th April.

Edem, D.A. (1982). Introduction to educational administration in Nigeria Ibadan: Spectrum

book Ltd

Eshiet, I.T (1996). Improvisation in science teaching philosophy and practice. Abak: Belpot

(Nig) co

Ezike, E.G. (1986).The student under-achievement in science, who is to blame? JSTAN 14,

(2) 137-142

Laurel, (2013).Home Economics and its Importance to Students’ Futures. Retrieved from

http//www.homefamilynet/2013/10/09/home-economics-and-its-importance-to-students-futures/. Accessed on the 6th of September, 2017

Maduabum MA, Odili GA (2006) Analysis of students’ performance in General Mathematics

at SSCE level in Nigeria 1991-2002. J. Res. curriculum teach. 1(1): 64-68.

Ogunkunle RA (2000). The teaching of mathematics in schools.The laboratory Approach. The

Nigeria Teacher Today, 8 (1,2): 180-184.

Olayiwola, M.A. (1999). Achieving effective science technology and mathematics (STM)

JSTAN 34.(1&2), 166-169

Ozigi, A.O (1977). A handbook on school administration and management: Lagos:

Macmillan publishers Ltd.

Soyiboi, K (1986). A critical review of some of the causes of students' poor performance in

science. JSTAN 34. (1)80-87    

Srinivasa N (1978): A Laboratory for teaching mathematics. JSTAN 9(1): 22-24.

.

IMPACT OF HOME ECONOMICS LABORATORY FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF HOME ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN OGBIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.COM
Researchwap.com is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.com guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.