This study investigated the determinants of career choice among secondary school students in the Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State.

Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire from 120 respondents randomly selected from six (6) public secondary schools in Oshimili South Local Government Area of Delta State, comprising Asaba, Okwe, and Oko,


Content                                         Pages

TITLE PAGE    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    i

APPROVAL PAGE    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    ii

DEDICATION    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT     .    .    .    .    .    .    iv

ABSTRACT    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    v

TABLE OF CONTENT    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    vi

LIST OF TABLES    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    vii


1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY    .    .    .    .    1

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM    .    .    .    .    5

1.3    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY    .    .    .    .    .    5

1.4    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY    .    .    .    .    5

1.5    RESEARCH QUESTIONS .    .    .    .    .    .    6

1.6      DEFINITION OF TERMS    .    .    .    .    .    6

1.7      SCOPE OF THE STUDY    .    .    .    .    .    7



2.1     CONCEPT OF CAREER    .    .    .    .    .    .    8

2.2     NEED FOR PARENTS’ GUIDANCE    .    .    .    .    9   

2.3       STUDENTS’ ABILITY AND INTEREST    .    .    .    10


2.5       SITUATION ANALYSIS    .    .    .    .    .    16

2.6       REVERSING THE TREND    .    .    .    .    .    16




3.1    DESIGN OF THE STUDY     .    .    .    .    .    23

3.2    STUDY POPULATION    .    .    .    .    .    .    23   


3.4       INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION.    .    .    24


3.6   ADMINISTRATION OF THE INSTRUMENT.    .    .    25   

3.7    DATA ANALYSIS AND TECHNIQUE    .    .    .    25



4.1       INTRODUCTION    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    26




5.1    SUMMARY OF FINDINGS    .    .    .    .    .    31

5.2    LIMITATION OF THE STUDY    .    .    .    .    31

5.3    RECOMMENDATIONS    .    .    .    .    .    .    32

5.4      CONCLUSION    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    33

 5.5      SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH     .    .    34

            REFERENCES    .    .    .    .    .    .    .    35

    APPENDIX (QUESTIONNAIRE)    .    .    .    .    36




Choosing a career is not like choosing an orange from a basket. According to Weiler (1997) “Successful career seldom happens by chance” with very few exceptions, people who really get what they want in a career do so because they define their objective plans and schedules for achieving their objectives, and assume personal responsibility for implementing and following these plans.

These people monitor their progress regularly, improve their plans when they are not getting the desired result, and persevere in the face of frequent set back until objectives are achieved.

Many scholars have given their own different meaning to choice and career and some have further stressed their importance and objectives of selecting a better career.

The dictionary meaning of Career is a way of making a living profession amongst career of opportunities.

Many find it difficult to make choice in the sense that they lack guidance and counseling, making their choice without the help of any person. Several works have been done based on the determinant factors affecting career by students.

There are opinions expressed on this issue that are as varied as the factor which has been included in the first chapter. In the same view, there is no doubt however that there are many factors responsible for the progress of a child's backwardness or retardation VIZ; genetic factors (that are inherent in the child himself) and environmental factors (from the environment where the child grew up).


Michael (2001) stated that the home provides many things for the child, like protection, guidance, shelter, and encouragement. Again the home tries, by all means, to educate the child with the outside world by interpreting what is happening to/around him. He went further to say that the child as he/she is not yet informed of the factors and realities of life but with the help of the parents he will be very much aware of the tracks or steps to follow if he is to be useful in life.

He still maintains that the homes are marked by the persistent conflicts and divergent aims between the parents and the child who seldom gain a sense of family unity and hence his personal security is much more precarious. This child feels poor about the background and fumbles.

“The inability of some parents and guidance to provide good background and show interest in the education of their children has a vital role to play in the performance of some learners”

Unless the necessary materials are provided for the learners, all efforts made towards his/her improvement will not work out effectively. The child without learning materials would certainly lose his sense of direction. The influence of parents has been one of the strongest and the most persistent factor that determines the child's attitude towards studying different school subjects and hence his choice of career.


Shertzer and Stone (2003) discovered that the element of interest and ability are the basic factor influencing students in their choice of subject in the General Certificate of Education Examination and Eventual choice. According to them, lack of interest can always lead to low efficiency. Developing interest in a subject goes a long way to enhance very high performance in any examination as a result, a good choice will help one achieve the necessary goals in one`s chosen subject and career.

Mitchell (2003) noted that the problem of career choice to be compounded by the present state of the country; inadequate professional or qualified teachers in our secondary schools to offer career guidance to the students for the child, the school should plan the subject that will lead him to a job in which there would be job satisfaction.

Nwagu (2003) Discovered that there are many reasons why the majority of students drop out of institutions of learning. These are due to the wrong choice of subject, lack of interest, lack of formulated goals and financial constraints, and some other variables.

He also noted that the guidance and counseling services in many institutions also control the students in their choice of subject for the General Certificate of Education.

Okoh (2005) believed that the 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria today is a situation whereby any student who fails to pass the final examination in the junior secondary school will be forced to drop out of school to learn vocational trade which may not be in the interest of such student.

Peter M. Blau et al (2001) says that occupational choice is a developmental process that extended over many years. According to them, there is no single time at which young people decide upon one out of all possible career but, there are many crossroads at which their lives take decisive turns which narrow the range of further alternatives and this influence the ultimate choice of occupation.

In other words, one`s chosen career ought to suit his/her occupational development. For people to achieve these goals, going to work may have fun and pursuing their personal values for those who fail to evolve their career feel trapped and frustrated at work.

Career choice, therefore, implies answering questions like, what do I want, how do I go about getting what I want; The first step in career choice, therefore, is being able to recognize what one wants. This is often determined by one`s value interest. The second step is reaching out for what one`s personal desire is and this is seldom realized without conscious efforts. On his part, one has to do something to happen the way he wants them to happen.

In a similar development, Okeke (2003) held the motion that school subjects relevantly chosen when making a career choice and rationally balanced and studied with definite aims by any student/child at the appropriate moments could form a major factor for funding individual solution. He concluded that school subjects shape the future choice of career and of those who pass through the paths of learning. Students should be adequately guided to choose subjects that will allow them to achieve the prime objectives of education.

In Nigeria, we have a catchment area with a zoning and quota system. This gives restriction on admission to some indigence of some areas, determining the industries to be sited. Rationalization of education/subjects courses in Delta state college of education affects student's choice of career.

It is obvious that some states are richer than others and have better facilities and job opportunities that are readily available. Whether one comes from a zone with better education or job opportunities or not, will affect the type of education one can get and how far one might achieve it. The type of job the person may eventually get at the end, hence excluding him from education opportunities might lead to his exclusion from potentially meaningful jobs and this affects his choice of career.

Consequently, there is the influence of the extended family system of polygamy or of large families of one religion (Christianity, Islamic or Traditional) on the choice of career.

These cultural biases make children less individualistic and less prone to making independent lifetime decisions on choosing a career compared to their counterparts in western countries. Although, there is the assumption that children of high-income families attend good colleges and universities for studies while those of low-income earners aspire to own businesses that would grow to the highest level.

Most illiterate parents in Nigeria are interested in getting their children to make up for what they lamentably missed and that is good education for high status and well-paid jobs after graduation.

This is because they are expected to provide a sense of life achievement for their old parents (i.e. secure some form of social insurance for parents,) take care of their younger ones, and be a source of pride in their local community.

Investigation on the factors influencing student`s choice of science subjects for the general certificate of education was carried out by Ayozie (2005). His study was done in Anambra state. In his findings, he came out in finding the factors with decreasing order of magnitude as follows;

Intellectual ability and achievement

Occupational preferences, interests, needs, and values. Influence from teachers. Influence from parents and relations. Influence from peer groups and friends.

Julie (2004) in his research found out that about eighty percent (80%) of students in Akwa wish to further their education. while 20%  will want to go and find jobs. In her findings, Medicine, Engineering, social science, and Nursing are the most popular courses among those who which to further their education. She then observed that lack of adequate knowledge of the subjects relevant to the courses is common among the majority of the students who want to further their education.

Abin (2001) studied “the pattern of academic aspiration of Nigerian adolescent and found out that many adolescents choose different profession without proper consideration of their individual abilities”

His investigation also shows that age and sex have substantial effects on the largely unrealistic choice of academic and occupational pursuit. This agrees with the findings of Olayinka (1999), who found out that youths were enticed to choose a subject simply because it has a high financial benefit or a large measure of prestige attached to it. He also noted that many females were making inroads into certain fields that were formally regarded as man`s domain such as Engineering, Medicine, and Geology.


Oboniye (2009) conducted a study on job aspiration of youths and educational provision, using 173 youths comprising of 96 boys and 77 girls within the ages of sixteen (16) and eighteen (18) years in secondary schools in Enugu State and came out with the observation that most of the student choose jobs without relating them to their interest and capability to cope with the nature/demand of the job. He, therefore, concluded that this was so because of the lack of proper guidance and counseling units in schools. Guidance and counseling units should be provided in schools to guide the youths in their job aspirations and in their selection of relevant school subjects rather than leaving them to rely on their parents, relations, and friends for information. It is obvious that the wrong choice of the subject leads to having misfits in the job and this deprives the nation of her real manpower needs. It is known that some parents influence the choice of career of their children. They force them to what they would not be able to do e.g. medicine, law, engineering, etc, on the other hand, make them take after them so as to protect the family name.



RESEARCHWAP.COM is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing