INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) BASED AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM


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INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) BASED AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM                                                                             ABSTRACT:     The level of pollution has increased with times by lot of factors like the increase in population, increased vehicle use, industrialization and urbanization which results in harmful effects on human well by directly affecting health of population exposed to it. In order to monitor In this project we are going to make an” IOT Based Air Pollution Monitoring System ” in which we will monitor the Air Quality over a web server using internet and will trigger a alarm   When the air quality goes down beyond a certain level, means when there are sufficient amount of harmful gases are present in the air like CO2, smoke, alcohol, benzene and NH3. It will show the air quality in PPM on the LCD and as well as on web page so that we can monitor it very easily. In this IOT project, you can monitor the pollution level from anywhere using your computer or mobile. System is designed, implemented and tested to monitor the pinpoints of air pollution of any area. It consists of a micro controller, gas sensors, mobile unit, a temporary memory buffer and a web server with internet connectivity which collects data from different locations along with coordinate’s information at certain time of a day. The readings for particular location are averaged in a closed time and space. The Global Positioning System (GPS) module is attached to a system to provide accurate representation of pollution sources in an area. The recorded data is periodically transferred to a computer through a General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) connection and then the data will be displayed on the dedicated website with user acceptance. As a result large number of people.   TABLE OF CONTENTSLetter of Transmittal     IIDeclaration     IIICertificate     IVAcknowledgement     VExecutive Summary     VICHAPTER 01 INTRODUCTION                                                                         1.1    Introduction    011.2    Historical Background    011.3    Objectives    041.4    Summary    04CHAPTER 02SONAR TECHNOLOGY2.1    IoT Projece    082.2    About IoT    092.3    Arduino    132.4    Circuit Diagram and Explanation    142.5    Arduino Description    152.6    Working Explanation    182.72.82.9Testing and Output of the ProjectMethodologyDesign SpecificatioCHAPTER 03CONTROLING      203.1    Gass Sensor    213.2    Gas Sensor Diagram    223.3    Gas Detectors Work    253.4    Code Explanstion    26CHAPTER 04  DISPLAY4.1    LCD Display    364.2    LCD Terminal    374.3    Display Diagram    444.4    Display Code    46CHAPTER 05 POTENTIOMETER5.1    Potentiometer    515.2    Digital Analog Potentiometer    525.3    Potentiometer Diagram    545.4    Buzzer    555.5    Buzzer Diagram    56CAPTER 06CAPTER 07                  DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION    7.1    Discussion    617.2    Limitation    627.33.4    Future WorksConclusion    63    References    64LIST OF FIGURESFigure 2.1    Figure Name     1Figure 2.2    Figure Name    2Figure 2.3    Figure Name    3Figure 2.4    Figure Name    4Figure 2.5    Figure Name    5Figure 2.6    Figure Name    6Figure 2.7    Figure Name    7Figure 2.8    Figure Name    8Figure 2.9    Figure Name    9Figure 2.10    Figure Name    10Figure 3.1    Figure Name    11Figure 3.2    Figure Name    12List of TablesTable 3.1    Table Name    1Table 3.2    Table Name    2Table 4.1    Table Name    3Table 5.1    Table Name    4Table 5.2    Table Name    5CHAPTER ONEIntroduction1.1      Introduction The main objective of IOT Air & Sound Monitoring System is that the Air and sound pollution is a growing issue these days. It is necessary to monitor air quality and keep it under control for a better future and healthy living for all. Due to flexibility and low cost Internet of things (IoT) is getting popular day by day. With the urbanization and with the increase in the vehicles on road the atmospheric conditions have considerably affected. Harmful effects of pollution include mild allergic reactions such as irritation of the throat, eyes and nose as well as some serious problems like bronchitis, heart diseases, pneumonia, lung and aggravated asthma. Monitoring gives measurements of air pollutant and sound pollution concentrations, which can then be analyzed interpreted and presented. This information can then be applicable in many ways. Analysis of monitoring data allows us to assess how bad air pollution and sound pollution from day to day.1.2      Historical BackgroundThe commercial meters available in the market are Fluke CO-220 carbon monoxide meter for CO, Amprobe CO2 meter for CO2, For Semicon LPG gas leakage sensor alarm for LPG leakage detection. The researchers in this field have proposed various air quality monitoring systems based on WSN, GSM and GIS. Now each technology has limited uses according to the intended function, as is meant for users with trans-receiver, Bluetooth. GIS based system is designed, implemented and tested to monitor the pinpoints of air pollution of any area. It consists of a micro controller, gas sensors, mobile unit, a temporary memory buffer and a web server with internet connectivity which collects data from different locations along with coordinate’s information at certain time of a day. The readings for particular location are averaged in a closed time and space. The Global Positioning System (GPS) module is attached to a system to provide accurate representation of pollution sources in an area. 1.3       Objectives  Objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.IoT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electro mechanical systems (MEMS), micro services and the internet. The convergence has helped tear down the silo walls between operational technology (OT) and information technology (IT), allowing unstructured machine-generated data to be analyzed for insights that will drive improvements.1.4   SummaryThe system to monitor the air of environment using Arduino microcontroller, IOT Technology is proposed to improve quality of air. With the use of IOT technology enhances the process of monitoring various aspects of environment such as air quality monitoring issue proposed in this paper. Here the using of MQ135 gas sensor gives the sense of different type of dangerous gas and arduino is the heart of this project which controls the entire process. Wi-Fi Module connects the whole process to internet and LCD is used for the visual Output.The Automatic Air & Sound management system is a step forward to contribute a solution to the biggest threat. The air & sound monitoring system overcomes the problem of the highly-polluted areas which is a major issue

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INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) BASED AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM


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