INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) BASED AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM


INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) BASED AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM

                                                                            ABSTRACT:    

The level of pollution has increased with times by lot of factors like the increase in population, increased vehicle use, industrialization and urbanization which results in harmful effects on human well by directly affecting health of population exposed to it. In order to monitor In this project we are going to make an” IOT Based Air Pollution Monitoring System ” in which we will monitor the Air Quality over a web server using internet and will trigger a alarm 

 When the air quality goes down beyond a certain level, means when there are sufficient amount of harmful gases are present in the air like CO2, smoke, alcohol, benzene and NH3. It will show the air quality in PPM on the LCD and as well as on web page so that we can monitor it very easily. In this IOT project, you can monitor the pollution level from anywhere using your computer or mobile. System is designed, implemented and tested to monitor the pinpoints of air pollution of any area.

 It consists of a micro controller, gas sensors, mobile unit, a temporary memory buffer and a web server with internet connectivity which collects data from different locations along with coordinate’s information at certain time of a day. The readings for particular location are averaged in a closed time and space.

The Global Positioning System (GPS) module is attached to a system to provide accurate representation of pollution sources in an area. The recorded data is periodically transferred to a computer through a General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) connection and then the data will be displayed on the dedicated website with user acceptance. As a result large number of people.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Letter of Transmittal     II

Declaration     III

Certificate     IV

Acknowledgement     V

Executive Summary     VI

CHAPTER 01

INTRODUCTION                                                                        

1.1    Introduction    01

1.2    Historical Background    01

1.3    Objectives    04

1.4    Summary    04

CHAPTER 02

SONAR TECHNOLOGY

2.1    IoT Projece    08

2.2    About IoT    09

2.3    Arduino    13

2.4    Circuit Diagram and Explanation    14

2.5    Arduino Description    15

2.6    Working Explanation    18

2.7

2.8

2.9

Testing and Output of the Project

Methodology

Design Specificatio

CHAPTER 03

CONTROLING      20

3.1    Gass Sensor    21

3.2    Gas Sensor Diagram    22

3.3    Gas Detectors Work    25

3.4    Code Explanstion    26

CHAPTER 04

  DISPLAY

4.1    LCD Display    36

4.2    LCD Terminal    37

4.3    Display Diagram    44

4.4    Display Code    46

CHAPTER 05

 POTENTIOMETER

5.1    Potentiometer    51

5.2    Digital Analog Potentiometer    52

5.3    Potentiometer Diagram    54

5.4    Buzzer    55

5.5    Buzzer Diagram    56

CAPTER 06

CAPTER 07

                  DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION   

7.1    Discussion    61

7.2    Limitation    62

7.3

3.4    Future Works

Conclusion    63

    References    64

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 2.1    Figure Name     1

Figure 2.2    Figure Name    2

Figure 2.3    Figure Name    3

Figure 2.4    Figure Name    4

Figure 2.5    Figure Name    5

Figure 2.6    Figure Name    6

Figure 2.7    Figure Name    7

Figure 2.8    Figure Name    8

Figure 2.9    Figure Name    9

Figure 2.10    Figure Name    10

Figure 3.1    Figure Name    11

Figure 3.2    Figure Name    12

List of Tables

Table 3.1    Table Name    1

Table 3.2    Table Name    2

Table 4.1    Table Name    3

Table 5.1    Table Name    4

Table 5.2    Table Name    5

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

1.1      Introduction

The main objective of IOT Air & Sound Monitoring System is that the Air and sound pollution is a growing issue these days. It is necessary to monitor air quality and keep it under control for a better future and healthy living for all. Due to flexibility and low cost Internet of things (IoT) is getting popular day by day.

 With the urbanization and with the increase in the vehicles on road the atmospheric conditions have considerably affected. Harmful effects of pollution include mild allergic reactions such as irritation of the throat, eyes and nose as well as some serious problems like bronchitis, heart diseases, pneumonia, lung and aggravated asthma. Monitoring gives measurements of air pollutant and sound pollution concentrations, which can then be analyzed interpreted and presented. This information can then be applicable in many ways. Analysis of monitoring data allows us to assess how bad air pollution and sound pollution from day to day.

1.2      Historical Background

The commercial meters available in the market are Fluke CO-220 carbon monoxide meter for CO, Amprobe CO2 meter for CO2, For Semicon LPG gas leakage sensor alarm for LPG leakage detection. The researchers in this field have proposed various air quality monitoring systems based on WSN, GSM and GIS.

Now each technology has limited uses according to the intended function, as is meant for users with trans-receiver, Bluetooth. GIS based system is designed, implemented and tested to monitor the pinpoints of air pollution of any area. It consists of a micro controller, gas sensors, mobile unit, a temporary memory buffer and a web server with internet connectivity which collects data from different locations along with coordinate’s information at certain time of a day.

 The readings for particular location are averaged in a closed time and space. The Global Positioning System (GPS) module is attached to a system to provide accurate representation of pollution sources in an area.

1.3       Objectives 

Objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

IoT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electro mechanical systems (MEMS), micro services and the internet.

 The convergence has helped tear down the silo walls between operational technology (OT) and information technology (IT), allowing unstructured machine-generated data to be analyzed for insights that will drive improvements.

1.4   Summary

The system to monitor the air of environment using Arduino microcontroller, IOT Technology is proposed to improve quality of air. With the use of IOT technology enhances the process of monitoring various aspects of environment such as air quality monitoring issue proposed in this paper.

Here the using of MQ135 gas sensor gives the sense of different type of dangerous gas and arduino is the heart of this project which controls the entire process. Wi-Fi Module connects the whole process to internet and LCD is used for the visual Output.

The Automatic Air & Sound management system is a step forward to contribute a solution to the biggest threat. The air & sound monitoring system overcomes the problem of the highly-polluted areas which is a major issue

.

INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) BASED AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.




TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.