The study examined the influence of social media on performance of secondary school students as perceived by teachers in Ilorin west local government area of Kwara State. The data for the study was collected through the use of questionnaire, which was administer to selected teachers in (10) selected secondary schools of studies area. And frequency count and percentage were used to answer research question, while t-test statistical tool was used to test the two hypothesis at alpha =0.05 significally level. All the analyses were carried out using SPSS 20 version. The following research questions were raised. (1) Does social media affect the academic performance of students. (2) What is the influence of social media on students time devotion to academic programme? (3) What is the influence of social media on students reading habit.  The study revealed that social media has negative impact on the performance of secondary school students, however teachers in the study area should take effective measure on guiding their students on how best social media, can be use to reduce the effect of social media on students academic performance.


Title Page i


Dedication iii

Acknowledgment iv

Table Content vi 

Abstract ix


Background of the Study 1

Statement of the Problem 6

Purpose of the Study 8

Research Questions 8

Research Hypothesis 9 

Scope of the Study 9

Operational Definition of Terms 10

Significance of the study 11


The concept of social media, its historical background, and forms 13

The use of social medial by today’s students 25

Academic performance of students and factors affecting it 32

The place and influence of social media on education 36

Appraisal of reviewed literature46


Research Design 48

Population, sample and sampling Techniques 49

Instrumentation 49

Procedure for data collection 50

Data Analysis Techniques 50


Demographic data 51

Research Questions 53

Testing of research hypotheses 56

Summary of major findings 63


Discussion 65

Conclusions 65





Background to the Study

Social medial have been defined by various researchers. According to Boyd and Ellison (2007), social medial is defined as computer mediated technology that allow the creating and sharing of information ideal. Careers, interest and other of expression via communities and networks. Also, AOberst. (2010) asserted that social networks sites are web based services that allow individuals to construct a public or semi public profile within a bounded system, articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connections, view and traverse their list of connections and those made by other that are found in group on these sites.

Heidicohen (2016) in his researcher found out that the average persons swipes, their smart phone about 2,617 times a day, making a grand total of one million times a year. Also, globally as reported by internet world statistics is (2016). The number of active users of most popular social media site as of September 2016 is stated as follows. Facebook: 1,712, 000.000 users; Whats APP: 1,000,000,000 facebook messenger; 1,000,000,000 user QQ: 899,000 000, users; we chat: 806,000,000 users ozone: 652,000,000 user; Tumble: 555,000,000 users; Instagram: users; Twitter: 313,000,000 users; Badoo, 300,000,000 users; Skype: 3000, 000,000 users; Snapchat: 200,000 users; Viber 249,000 users; line: 218,000,000 users;

Most used social network in Nigeria as of (2015) is facebook with the usage of about 93. 72% even in the area of educational system such a chemistry. Twitter ranks second with 5.29% interest ranks, third with 0.42% Tumbs ranks fourth with 0.0% and the remained social network hold 0.37% using internet. The number of user is increasing every year with highest number of students on such social networking sites.

As per the survey contribution by few research centre as reported by Abhishek (2015) 72 percent of high school and 78, percent of college students spend time on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc These number indicate how much the students community is involved in this virtual world of social network. Most of this research by Sheldon (2008), Lewis (2008), Karpinski & Durber stern (2007), Owusu and Agatha, (2016), conducted on students use of the social media sites and its effect on academic performance focused on students in the developed world.

Ablishek (2015) asserted many reasons that explain why students love to spend time socializing. Firstly, social networks provide them the freedom to do whatever they want to up-load what they want and talk to whom they want. They like to make new friends and comment on the lives of different people students can create other document identifies that the real world does not allow. The freedom it gives them to act just sitting in front of a computer enthralls them, and they then demand for more freedom. Never before was it been so easy for young mind to create a digital of their action through such a spontaneous medium

Social media have two sides of a coin, bring with it both the negative and positive sides even in the aspect of education. It help people to be better informed enlightened and keeping a breast with world development. A number of studies have been conducted to find out the impact of social media an academic performance of secondary schools student. Jeffrey and Musah (2015) reported a high addiction rate among students in the usage of social media networks which lead to poor grammer and spelling, late submission of assignment, and poor academic performance. Also, Banquil, Chuna, leano, Rivero, Bruce, and Dianalan et al (2009), found a continuing drop of grade among students who use the social networking sites. This was supported by Kirschner and Karpinski (2010), who find out a significant negative relationship between facebook use and academic performance. They concluded that students who use facebook spend few hours per week studying on an average than facebook non user and this resulted in lower mean grade point average (GPA) study by Junco (2012) indicated that time spent on facebook was strongly and significantly negatively correlated with over all GPA. Schill (2011) stated that the media sites encourage negative behaviours for teen students such as procrastination (catching up with friends), and they are more likely to drink and drug. However, everyday many students are spending hours immersed in social media such as facebooking, my space, world of ware craft. At first glance this may seen like waste of time, however, it also help students to develop important knowledge and social skill and be active citizens who create and share content. At present, whether social media is favorable or unfavorable, many students utilize these sites on a daily basis. As social media sites continue to grow in popularity, it is our belief that technology is a vital part of today’s student success equation. Many researcher have been diving into a considerable amount of research on how social media influenced students rotation at college. Many parents are worried that their college students are spending too much time on facebook and other social media sites and not enough time studying. Therefore our research ascertains the relationship between the social media and students study efficiency.

Social networks provide them the freedoms to do whatever want to upload what they want and talk to whom they want the like to make new friend and comment on the lives of difference people students can create other identities that the real work ideal not allow the freedom it gives them to act just by sitting in front of a computer enthralls them and they then demand form are freedom. Never before has it been so easy for young mind to create a digital image of their action through such as a spontaneous medium. 

Many psychologist are worried about the identify crisis that our present generation may face today. The lives of people, especially students, are largely influenced by what is posted by other people on their profiles. The habits that students learn are decided more by what their friends to and less by the teaching of parents or professors. Getting too involved bad habits. Students prefer to chart with friends for hours and this lead to a waste of time that could have been used for studying, playing or learning new skills. It is often said that a long-term friendship is developed when people meet each spend time and share their experiences. But this virtual way of communicate with each other sites does not lead to natural, friendly experiences and hence cannot produce a healthy relationship with those friends. Also, those relationships tend to terminate easily due to a lack of person contact.

Statement of Problem 

To address issue of the effectiveness of using social networking, the first question raised in this study is for what purpose is the student utilizing social networking sites are on this topic we will start to reveal social networking sites as simply part of how students interact with each other with no apparent impact on grader. Thus, the objectives of this research is to explore the advantages and disadvantages of students use of social networking for study. The main purpose of this research is to expand on previous research explore to relation between the effect of social networking and study students academic lives. 

Today’s world is a global village. Everyone is connected to one another in this vast network generated by the internet. In the past, the communicating and free sharing of thoughts among people were restricted by long distance nationality and religions. But now, those barriers cannot stop the flow of information and knowledge. The new world of social networking allows free sharing of thoughts 

However, there are controversial issues about the problems associated with social networks in the society. Concern have been raised about possible links between heavy social media use and depression, cyber buildings online harassment and “trolling” Specifically, on education media network had great impact on the lives of the youths. According to Ablushek (2015). The most important thing in a students life are studying, learning good habits and gaining knowledge to become a person with moral character. But today as we see in various studies, this optimal learning process is seriously jeopardized by students becoming entrapped by the plays of social networking. Students has exchange their study times with social networks websites. Parents, teachers and all Stakeholders on education are worried about low performance of students at the Senior School Certificate Examination. Jeffrey and Musah (2015), Juzco (2012) opined that actively and frequency participating in social networks can negatively affect students grades or helper their journey to their future careers.

Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study was to examine the influence of social media on academic performance of students as perceived by teachers in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State. Specifically the study found out the influence of social media on: 

i. Student’s time devotion to the academic programme

ii. Student’s reading habit

Research Questions

From the major problem of the study the following research question were asked.

i. Does social media affect the academic performance of students

ii. What is the influence of social media on students time devotion to academic programme .

iii. What is the influence of social medial on students reading habit.

Research Hypothesis

HO1: There is no significant difference on the influence of social media on students time devotion to academic programme as perceived by male and female teachers.

HO2: There is no significant difference on the influence of social media on students reading habit as perceived by experienced and less experienced teachers 

Scope of the Study

The study investigated the influence of social media on academic performance of secondary school student as perceived by teachers in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State. The geographical scope of the study was in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State. the population of this study comprised all teachers in secondary schools in Kwara State while the target population for the study were selected teachers in selected secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State.100 teachers in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State were sampled. The instrument used for this study was a researcher-designed instrument tagged “influence of social media on academic performance of secondary school students questionnaire” (ISMAPSSSQ).The statistical analysis used is T-test statistical tool.    

Operational Definition of Terms

There are technically used words as used in this study that called for definition purposely for the easier understanding of the interested readers

i. Social Media: is a way of interacting with people on various forms of internet and findings common areas and interest e.g. Yahoo, Skype, Gmail.

ii. Academic performance: Refers to the degree of exhibition of output in educational activities in the school or learning outcome of the recipient in an highly institutionalize.

iii. Experienced teachers: Teachers that have spent up to 20 years in service 

iv. Less-experienced teachers: Teachers that have not spent up to 20 years in service 

v. Students time devotion to academic programme: The time spent by students for learning .

vi. Students reading habit: ability to read any matter that can be read, written or printed text.

Significance of the Study 

According to Krishnaswami, (2003) says significance of the study is the application of the findings of the study for policy formulation, theory or practice. So it tells why the research is important and what contribution will it give to the field. It states how your findings can make the difference and why it is important that the research be carried out. 

The findings of this study will enable secondary school students to know how best to use social media networks as tool for integrating themselves in the globalized world without affecting their academic performance. Also the findings will be useful for teachers on knowing their students on using extra-curricular issues on social media networks and taking appropriate actions toward facilitating the establishment of comprehensive and sustainable system of educating youth on how to use social media networks.

The findings will guide the parent to sees to how their children use social media effectively and not becoming a tools for borrowing negatives ideas or exposed to bad influence through the information they get on the social media. More so the findings will benefit the Government curriculum planners, school administrators as it will guide them to identify the influence of social media on performance of secondary schools student, so that policies will be formulated and implemented to tackle those problems in other to help the student using social media in their various field.



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