# CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF TRUANCY ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS

CHAT ON WHATSAPP (+234) 0803-766-4978

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF TRUANCY ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS (A CASE STUDY OF ABEOKUTA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE)

CHAPTER ONE 1.0

INTRODUCTION 1.1

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Mathematics is the science of numbers and space, it is the language of the new millennium (Harbor-Peter, 2000). It is the queen of science and technology, also a tool for scientific and technological development (Agwagah and Ezeugo, 2000). No National can develop scientifically and technologically without a proper foundation in school mathematics (Okafor, 2005 in Kurumeh and Imoko, 2006). In recent years, for instance, there had been criticisms in public places, and in newspapers over the low standard of performance in mathematics in our schools’ prominent among the critics are the teachers and parents. The critics are particularly concerned with the teaching of basic mathematics in our schools. They claim that most students who have successfully completed secondary school education often failed mathematics. However, from the viewpoint of national interest, a far more serious consequence of the inability of the students to excel in mathematics successfully is in regard to scientific and technological advancement that we very much desire in the attainment of the Millennium Development Goal.

We need many qualified doctors, engineers, agricultural scientists, economists, computer programmers, and mathematics teachers. All these professionals require basic courses in mathematics up to an advanced level before they can specialize in these professions.

According to Oxford advanced learning dictionary; truancy is an act or condition of being absent without permission.

Merriam (2012) says truancy as an act or instance of playing truant: the state of being truancy (the California legislature view truancy in very precise language). In summary, it states that a student missing more than 30 minutes of instruction without an excuse three times during the school year must be classified as truancy.

Sherilyn (2011) views that three are various reasons for truancy and this has been one of the major problems in Nigeria and it is negatively affecting the future of the pupils. Absence rates have reached as high as 30 percent in some schools and it is harder for the teachers to do something about this. And this affects not only the pupils but their families as well. Consequences are various as well if they miss too many classes they will not be able to congratulate on time and they will fall behind their classmates and this will affect not only their self-esteem but various other things. All this can improve if teachers together with parents make a good plan to interest pupils who are skipping classes to get back to school.

This can be done by talking and learning about pupils' interests regarding the school.

In a town like Ago Ika, Lafenwa, Ita Oshin pupils are run away from school which brings researchers closer to the topic, to find out the effect of truancy.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The high rate of truancy in town calls for attention. It could generate to pupils not performing very well academically. It could also lead to various forms of criminal, damage, robbery with violence and abusive conduct, etc.

This study would therefore investigate

i.        What truancy means.

ii.       The causes of truancy.

iii.      The effects of truancy on primary school pupils' academic performance in mathematics.

iv.      The possible solution to the problem.

1.3   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

(i)           What is truancy?

(ii)          What are the causes of truancy?

(iii)        What are the effects of truancy on primary school pupils' academic performance in mathematics.

(iv)         How we can reduce truancy in primary school pupils?

1.4   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The study superficially find out

(i)           To examine truancy.

(ii)          To explain causes of truancy.

(iii)        To explain the effects of truancy.

(iv)         To suggest possible solutions to the problem of this study.

1.5   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study would enable the various benefactor to have a better understanding of what used to prompt our primary school pupils on truancy on school academic.

The study will be of benefit to the government by given information on the high level of truancy in the schools and its consequent effect. The government in a bid to curb truancy will therefore be able to apply measures capable of eradicating such acts. One of the measures could be a disciplinary measure approved by the government e.g. Government backing schools in given out some punishment to students for such acts. The government could also pass some law banning school pupils and teachers to reduce truancy. Dedicated and intelligent in schools could be motivated through various incentives e.g. money, gift to make students who are truant change their attitude.

The study would assist parents to pay more attention to the activities of the children in and outside schools for parents who pampered their children and do not give room for correction they would have a change of action to see the need for discipline on the children.

The study will help the teacher to assist the pupils as much as possible to develop interesting and the activity based on teaching method it will also make her lesson in class interesting to the pupils. And also make use of the availability of the instructional materials for the pupils to enhance an effective teaching and learning process.

The study will help the pupils to be more serious about his or her study. It will also use his free period to read more at home. It will also identify the brilliant pupils in his class and make friends with them so that they can teach him more or explain more of the unknown topic to him. The study will make the pupils pay more attention to education and work towards a great future.

1.6   SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study is to cover the primary school in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State.

1.7   LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This study was carried out in the Ebenezer Primary School, Olumo Primary School, Army Children School I, Holy Prophet School I and II in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State. The reason for using such a small sample is due to financial constraints and time.

1.8   DEFINITION OF TERMS

(i)           TRUANCY: This is absent from school without a valid excuse.

(ii)          ACADEMIC: Acquired by formal education especially at a primary or secondary school.

(iii)        PERFORMANCE: The act of performing the carrying into exclusive or action, achievement, accomplishment, representation by action.

(iv)         MATHEMATICS: The science of numbers and shapes.

(v)          CONSEQUENCE: A result of something that has happened.

(vi)         DAMAGE: Physical harm caused to something which makes it attractive.

(vii)       CRIMINAL: Connected or involving in breaking the law.

(viii)     VIOLENCE: This is a behavior that is intended to hurt or kill.

(ix)        ROBBERY: The crime of stealing money or goods from the bank, stop, or person.

(x)          ABUSIVE: Involving to hurt or kill.

(xi)        LEGISLATURE: a group of people who have the power to make and change laws.

(xii)       CONDUCT: To organized something or a particular activity.

.

OR CHAT ON WHATSAPP (+234) 0803-766-4978

TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.

## RESEARCHWAP.COM

Researchwap.com is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.com guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

### TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS

Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

• "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
• "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
• "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
• "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
• "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
• "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
• "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
• "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
• "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
• "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

Theressa, Igbinedion University.
• "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
• "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

Christiana, Landmark University .
• "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
• "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
• To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.