DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERISED HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ABSTRACT: The research work “design and implementation of an hospital management system” includes registration of patients, storing their details into the system, and alsocomputerized billing in the pharmacy, and labs. Our system has the facility to give uniqueid for every patient and store the details of every patient and the staff automatically. Thiswork was done as a result to solve the problems usually encountered in the hospitals.The Hospital Management System was achieved using two programmingenvironment: PHP and MYSQL, with php as front-end and mysql as the backend database.The system can be entered using a username and password. It is accessible either by anadministrator or hospital staffs. The interface is very user-friendly.protected for personal use and the data processing is very fast.The data are wellSAMPLE TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Certification Declaration Dedication Acknowledgement Table of Contents List of Tables List of Figures AbstractCHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION1.1.0 General Introduction1.2.0 Introduction (for chapter one)1.3.0 Problem Definition1.4.0 Objective of Study1.5.0 Research Justification1.6.0 Research Methodology1.7.0 Scope and Limitation of Study1.8.0 Definition of Terms1.9.0 Chapter LayoutCHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW AND STATE-OF-THE-ART2.1.0 Introduction2.2.0 Brief History of Study Area 2.3.0 Review of relevant literature and state-of-the-arts2.4.0 Proposed ContributionCHAPTER THREE: SYSTEM DESIGN METHODOLOGY3.1.0 Introduction3.2.0 System Requirements Specification3.3.0 System Design (OO or Structured – must be explained)22.214.171.124 Logical Design126.96.36.199 Input Design (where applicable)188.8.131.52 Output Design (where applicable)184.108.40.206 Menu Design (where applicable)220.127.116.11 Use Case Diagram18.104.22.168 Activity Diagram22.214.171.124 Class Diagram126.96.36.199 Physical Design188.8.131.52 Program Specification184.108.40.206 Layout of Files Design (where applicable)220.127.116.11 System Controls (e.g. security, input, output)18.104.22.168 Structure of Database Design (where applicable)CHAPTER FOUR: SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION4.1.0 Introduction4.2.0 Features and Choice of Implementation Language4.3.0 System Testing Strategies4.3.1 Unit Test4.3.2 Integration Test4.3.3 Alpha Test (where applicable)4.3.4 Beta Test (where applicable)4.4.0 Target Computer System Requirements4.5.0 Software Maintenance Issues4.5.1 Corrective Maintenance4.5.2 Preventive Maintenance4.5.3 Adaptive MaintenanceCHAPTER FIVE: RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION5.1.0 Introduction5.2.0 Application of the Software to the Problem Domain5.3.0 Recommendations5.4.0 ConclusionREFERENCESAPPENDICES Appendix A: (any attachments where applicable)Appendix B: Source Code ListingAppendix C: Sample OutputCHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION1.1.0 GENERAL INTRODUCTION Healthcare establishments like hospitals, rehabilitation centers, health-saloons etc. are seen as figures of hope by the sick and diseased. Just like other organizations, medical establishments are also well-organized, following rigid and complex processes. These establishments require efficient and strong manpower for proper management of their processes. Their main objective is to offer quality healthcare to patients in a proper and cost-effective way. In recent years, there has been noticed a rapid growth in the health sector in the country, which in turn has created a need to build an application that will address most of the issues address in this research work. This research work will be of paramount importance to the medical sector as it will be design to address most of the challenges that delay some of the administrative work. Hospital software easily automates the whole process of collating; retrieving and gathering patient information and as a consequence it results in improved response time towards the patient's demands. Doctors and other senior staff of the hospital would be capable of spending their precious time in other clinical activities over simple clerical activities. Sometimes it happens that accounting becomes very much complicated and pathetic. Using the software will remove all such complexities as it helps you retrieve your information accurately.1.2.0 INTRODUCTIONChapter one introduces the research work and the problem definition of the research, and to know the aim of this research work, research justification tells us why it is important to research on this topic; it also covers areas like scope and limitation of study which entails the boundary of this work. Definition of terms gives summarize what each chapter entails.1.3.0 PROBLEM DEFINITION This research work was undertaken to uncover some of the problems with conventional hospital management systems. Where record entry, updating relevant patient information in his/her record, calculation, storage and retrieval of records are still being done manually. Using these conventional moods of operation may pose delay in the administrative system in the institution.1.4.0 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY In view of the problems mentioned above, this project is aimed at implementing a hospital management system which will exclusively:⦁ Automate the daily operations of the hospital such as assigningunique id for every patient when creating his/her record, staff automatically. Simultaneously update changes made to any record in its database.⦁ Efficiently handle the hospital billing facility.1.5.0 RESEARCH JUSTIFICATION This research work will provide a reliable way of handling patient’s record effectively and eliminate the lag time in file recovery and also with an inclusion of a billing system. Furthermore, it will aids structural document representation and eliminates the tedium of performing monotonous transaction. This research will also contribute to existing literature in this area and will serve as a guild or blueprint for an undergraduate student.1.6.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This research work “design and implementation of an interactive system for hospital management” will be a web-based application and will be implemented on a relational database system(MySQL). Html(hypertext markup language), css(cascading style sheet) and Jquery will be used to design the web-user interface, php (hypertext preprocessor) will be used as the serve- side script language to link the interface and the database.1.7.0 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY This research work is to develop a system capable of handling most of the administrative task in the hospital; such as storing patient’s record with each patient giving a unique id by the system, retrieve these records with ease when needed, facilitate record update, restricting access in the database with the allocation of privileges to authorize personnel. The system will also incorporate in its design a billing system that will record and prints patient’s bill for every service offered in the hospital.The system will not incorporate in its development all the functions of a health record system but will focus only on the aforementioned functionalities. The system will not be responsible for any loss of data if its environment (network/system installed on) is corrupt.1.8.0 DEFINITION OF TERMPATIENT: a person receiving or registered to receive medical treatment.1.9.0 CHAPTER LAYOUTThis section was put in place to explain what each chapter does, chapter one introduces the project to the reader by explaining the problems the project is supposed to solve, objective of the study and research justification is to describe to the reader the purpose and the importance of researching on this topic, research methodology is all about the method used in implementing the research work, scope and limitation describes the boundary of the research work and where the project work can be put into use. Chapter two deals with the literature review and state-of-the-art.This chapter discusses literature review, what people have published related to this research work and their shortcoming, how this present research can improve their shortcomings. Chapter three deals with the system design methodology i.e. collection of tools methods and practices for achieving a task; the requirement specification states the expectation of the system analysis, and design which is the blueprint of what the system would carry out. Chapter four has to do with the implementation, system testing strategies, target computer system requirement, software maintenance etc. Chapter five discusses the recommendations and conclusion part of the research work and how this work can be applied to the problem domain..