A DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT TO SHOW A QUICK GLANCE OF NYSC PLACE OF PRIMARY ASSIGNMENT(PPA) A STUDY OF EBONYI STATE
ABSTRACT: This project work is a documentation of NYSC Place of primary Assignment, a system that will allow users to have a glance of corps PPA, information for the purpose of future record and access. Where by each new NYSC crop member posted to his or her PPA will be documented. Presently at Ebonyi state and other states in Nigerian there have never been a system design to run a quick scan on corps PPA for a glance or for an info about the place, therefore, this system or software will be introduced into the system stating from Ebonyi state, also in this system the activities of the corps member will be noted down as he or she carries on their activities at their PPA. The implementation of the software to perform this was carried out using visual basic programming language and for the database MS Access was used with an encryption for data security from accessing it un- authorized.TABLE OF CONTENT Cover page Title page Approval pageDedication AbstractAcknowledgement Table of content CHAPTER ONE:1.0 Introduction 1.1 Background of the research 1.2 Statement of research problem 1.3 Objectives of the study 1.4 Significance of the study 1.5 Research question 1.6 Limitation of the study 1.7 Definition of termsCHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 2.0 Introduction2.1 Review of concept2.2 Review of related work2.3 Empirical studies2.4 Theoretical framework2.5 Conceptual Framework2.6 Summary of the reviewCHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1 Research method 3.2 Fact finding method3.2 Sources of Data 3.3 Population of the study 3.4 Sample and Sampling 3.5 Research Instrument 3.6 Reliability and Validity of Instrument 3.7 Method of Investigation 3.8 Method of Data Analysis CHAPTER FOUR: Data presentation and analysis 4.1 Data presentation and Analysis4.2 Discussion CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS5.1 Summary 5.2 Conclusion5.3 Recommendation References BibliographyCHAPTER ONE1.0 INTRODUCTION The NYSC place of primary assignment – PPA is a place where the corps members are being sent to carry out and perform their service (services year) their duties is to delivery and pass on information to where the serve, usually related to their field of study. The aim of this PPA is to disseminate knowledge and acquire the basic skill and training on his/her field of study which in turns help the corps members have that working experience in his or her work. The NYSC Place of Primary Assignment (PPA) is where you are expected to render selfless service with dedication for a year of active service to your country. PPA is the second stage of your NYSC service year after your 21 days on various orientations camps in the country. The orientation camp is actually the main part of your NYSC training and preparation into the service year which is carried out at the place of primary assignment. During your PPA, the corps members are expected to be vigilant, interact and learn from the locals with humility and as well make a lasting positive impact on those that will come across your way. In the place of primary assignment, work load is being assign to each and every corps members according to his or her field of study and their ability to perform or carry out such a task or work load, to those in the educational sector, Teaching work, which a number of subjects or courses (secondary or High institution respectively) will be allocated to the corps member, and to those in an organization like Local government, Secretariat, Ministry will be appointed their post or duties every day, usually a day is kept off for the corps members as a day of their CDS which is done on weekly basis either on Thursday or Friday depending on the area and the slot at which you are in (i.e. Batch). During the course of this service a token is given to the corps members every month by the head of the department or head in the organization at which you serve (i.e. the Boss), which according to the NYSC recommendation and standard seven thousand (7000) is the minimal amount that should be paid to the corps members and any amount higher can be given based on the agreement reached by the corps member and his/her PPA head, which will be signed upon agreement.1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYNYSC The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) is an organization set up by the Nigerian government to involve the country's graduates in the development of the country with Brig Gen Johnson BamideleOlawumi as Director General. There is no military conscription in Nigeria, but since 1973 graduates of universities and later polytechnics have been required to take part in the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) program for one year. This is known as national service year."Corp" members are posted to cities far from their city of origin, although this posting has recently been marred with series of favoritism. They are expected to mix with people of other tribes, social and family backgrounds, to learn the culture of the indigenes in the place they are posted to. This action is aimed at bringing about unity in the country and to help youths appreciate other ethnic groups.There is an "orientation" period of approximately three weeks spent in a military controlled boot "camp" away from family and friends. There is also a "passing out ceremony" at the end of the year and primary assignment followed by one month of vacation.The program has also helped in creating entry-level jobs for many Nigerian youth. An NYSC forum dedicated to the NYSC members was built to bridge the gap amongst members serving across Nigeria and also an avenue for corpers to share job information and career resources as well as getting loans from the National Directorate of Employment.The program has been met with serious criticism by a large portion of the country. The NYSC members have complained of being underpaid, paid late or not paid at all. Several youths carrying out the NYSC program have been killed in the regions they were sent to due to religious violence, ethnic violence or political violence.EBONYI STATE Ebonyi State is a state of Nigeria, in the south of the Eastern region. It is inhabited and populated primarily by Igbo. Its capital and largest city is Abakaliki. It is one of the six states created in 1996 by the Abacha government. Ebonyi was created from parts of both Enugu State and Abia State. It is the location of the Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu.There are ten primary languages spoken in Ebonyi State: Afikpo, Mgbo, Izzi, Ezaa, Edda, Ikwo, Kukele, Legbo, Mbembe,Okposi,Uburu and Oring. These languages are all subgroups of the Igbo language and are commonly spoken throughout south eastern Nigeria. Ebonyi is primarily an agricultural region. It is a leading producer of rice, yam, potatoes, maize, beans, and cassava in Nigeria.1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM The Place of Primary Assignment is meant to be a place where corps members are sent to dispatch to the environment what they have up-step or what they gat to offer related to their field of study, but all of a sudden, it is no longer the way it used to be, corps members are posted to a Place of Primary Assignment that do not relate by any means to what he/she have studied in school. And the posting section do not place a request to what field the need or can accommodate in their place, due to lack of access to the places of Place of Primary Assignment in the area.1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The main objective of this study goes with the name as it suggest, it is to develop a system or a software that has the ability to show a glance of Place of Primary Assignment of corps members, which a reference of Ebonyi state was chosen. Among it are others:1. A system that will identify in every Place of Primary Assignment their basic needs (fields of work/study) so as to get their needs as requested. 2. A system to keep records of the activities of the Place of Primary Assignment of the corps member.1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY For documentation propose, this research work is useful as it will keep holding the corps members record and activities also with the Place of Primary Assignment. Also, this study will serve as a learning tools in the hands of students, researchers, and workers in every part of the nation. This system will enhance the quality of service of the NYSC services 1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION In caring out this research work, the researcher formulated some research question that will help her to access the new system design. The following question was tabulated to aid this research work, which are: 1. Do you have or know any information about the Place of Primary Assignment that you are posting this corps members.2. Do you know have any idea of the courses the need corps member on or field of study that will be relevant to them when posted to3. What is the standard of corps members living in the Place of Primary Assignment1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY This study cover the whole of NYSC corps members Place of Primary Assignment in the nation despite the fact that the work was concentrated to Ebonyi state as its place of focus, because it is still applicable to every other state in the nation.1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY Some of the constraints that have in one-way or another affected the outcome of this work include:Power supply: Availability of stable, efficient and reliable power supply is also a source of limitation this project as it depend only on source of energy to keep functioningOperation: the level of the system operation is high, therefore, it requires an expert or a computer literate to operate and perform any operation on the system. 1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMSPPA: Place of Primary Assignment – this is where every corps members carry out his/her one year service at.NYSC: National Youth ervice corpsNYSC Orientation: NYSC corps members are camped for three weeks inan NYSC orientation camp where they live a militarylike regimented life.Databases: A systematically arranged collection of computer data,structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or manipulated. It is alsocalled databank.Computer Program: This is a set of instruction that guides the computer onthe action to perform.Flowchart: This is graphical representation of step by step by whichcomputer can follow to execute a task.1.8 PROJECT REPORT ORGANISATIONThis project was covered under five stages:Chapter 1.The focal point of this study.Chapter 2. Review of literature on NYSC PPA and others.Chapter 3.System Investigation and Analysis – design methodology.Chapter 4.System design and implementationChapter 5. Summary and conclusion.