This project work examines the geotechnical properties of lateritic soil in three located areas in which the two samples were taken from each location, namely Ikirun to osogbo Road, Ikirun to Ada Road and Ikirun to Iree Road. Lateritic soils were taken from each of the location for test. Tests were performed on that lateritic soils to determine its suitability for use in road construction. The tests performed on the soils were moisture content determination, liquid limit test, plastic limit test, shrinkage limit test, compaction test, C.B.R test, sieve analysis test. All the laboratory test were carried out in accordance with the requirement of the relevant British standard specification and America society for Highway testing materials after which conclusion was drawn. The lateritic soils from these three sample locations were very good materials for pavement structures construction after compacting the laboratory results with the standard requirement of different pavement structures.     


Title page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgement iv

Abstract v

Table of Content vi-vii


1.0 Introduction 1ss

1.1 Aims of Studies 2

1.2 Objectives of Studies 2

1.3 Scope of the Project Work 2

1.4 Limitation of the Work 2


2.0 Literature Review 3

2.1 Laterites and Lateritic Soils 4

2.2 Properties of Lateritic Soils 4

2.3 Factors that favour Laterization 5

2.4 Types of Laterite Soil 5-6

2.5 Uses of Laterite Soils 7


3.0 Methodology 8

3.1 Sieve Analysis Test 8

3.2 Compaction Test (Bs1377.1975) 9

3.3 California Bearing Ration (Cbr) Test 9-10

3.4 Atterberg Limit Tests 11-13


4.0 Results of Test and Interpretation of Result 14

4.1 Sub Grade 14

4.2 Sub Base 14

4.3 Base Course 14-15

4.4 Liquid Limit Test 15

4.5 Plastic Limit Test 15-16

4.6 Grains/Particle Size Analysis Test 16

4.7 Compaction Test 17

4.8 California Bearing Ratio (C.B.R) Test 17-19


5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation 20

5.1 Conclusion 20

5.2 Recommendation 20




The study of geotechnical properties of lateritic soil in Osun State is our main focus and objective, the lateritic soil materials that were investigated was taken in six different locations as follows: 

1. Ikirun to Osogbo road

2. Ikirun to Iree road

3. Ikirun to Ada road.

The investigation helps to describe the sub-surface condition along the three locations and it provide an indication of the availability of materials suitable for pavement structure construction. The geotechnical properties of lateritic soil is important for an highway engineer to enable him to identify and classify the soil, measure its strength, evaluate its drainage properties and help in processing the soil as a highway material. Lateritic soil in the engineering field refers to all unconsolidated material in the earth crust i.e. all materials above bedrock. 

A soil sample contains:

i. Mineral and organic particles.

ii. Water

iii. Air

The relative amounts of these three phases are indications of the soils properties and conditions. Lateritic soil is found in most area of Nigeria and constitutes the main construction material for roads, bridges, dams and residential and industrial building. The soil testing and quality control of material are designed and performed to ensure adequate quality of constitution as the construction project is being executed. 

However, this involves laboratory and in-situ testing of materials and preparation and analysis of test results to ensure that works are performed strictly in accordance with the specification requirement. This project work therefore deals with all the laboratory tests which could be used to analyze the lateritic soil geotechnical properties.


The aim of this project work is to determine the geotechnical properties of the lateritic soil used for the construction of road in Osun State.


1. To determine the suitability of the modified soil on civil engineering project. 

2. To determine some physical properties of the lateritic soil for road construction in any civil engineering project.

3. To improve the strength   of the soil in case of poor soil quality.


The scope of the project work formed to Osun State using Boripe and Ifelodun Local Government as a case studies. Two samples were take from each of three different locations namely, Ikirun to Osogbo road, Ikirun to Iree road, Ikirun to Ada road.


The following problems were encountered:

1. First problem of transportation from one sample location to the other.

2. Another problem encountered was non-stability of electricity at the soil laboratory where carrying out the test.



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