MAINTENANCE OF URBAN INFRASTRUCTURES (A CASE STUDY OF ILORIN METROPOLIS)


MAINTENANCE OF URBAN INFRASTRUCTURES (A CASE STUDY OF ILORIN METROPOLIS)  

ABSTRACT

This project “maintenance of urban infrastructures (a case study of Ilorin metropolis)” lays emphasis on the various Infrastructures such as Roads, Rail, Electricity, Water-Supply, Solid Waste Management Facilities, Drainage Facilities and Sewerage. The various magnitude and the facilities provided were looked upon; the various defects and possible remedies to some specific infrastructures were also looked at. The major data collection procedures were from the various infrastructural ministries in the city and participant/personal observations. Data were collected based on the existing conditions, provisional services, facilities and magnitude of the infrastructures and the preference of maintenance activities carried out by most infrastructural agencies of which many are based on the stipulated activities of the agencies. Conclusions were made on the fact that these infrastructures lack maintenance culture which has led to their deteriorations, while recommendations were suggested on the possible sustainable actions and activities for improvement in Ilorin and environs.   

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page……………………………………………………………………………………...i

Certification……………………………………………………………………………………ii

Dedication…………………………………………………………………………………….iii

Acknowledgement…………………………………………………………………………...iv

Table of contents…………………………………………………………………………..v-vi

List of tables………………………………………………………………………………....vii

Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………...viii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION /BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY…………………....1

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM………………………………………...2    

1.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY……………………………..….2   

1.3 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY…………………………………………3   

1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY……………………………………………………3      

1.5 DESCRIPTION OF STUDY AREA…………………………………………3   

1.6 METHODOLOGY…………………………………………………………….5      

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE……………………………………6  

2.1 TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES……………………………...................6    

2.1.1 ROAD TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM………………………………........7   

2.1.2 RAIL TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM………………………………………7

2.2 PUBLIC UTILITIES…………………………………………………………..8

2.2.1 ELECTRICITY………………………………………………………………..8

2.2.2 WATER SUPPLY…………………………………………………………….9

2.2.3 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES…………………………….9

2.3 DRAINAGE FACILITIES…………………………………………………...10

2.4 SEWERAGE………………………………………………………………...10

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 METHODOLOGY…………………………………………………………..11

3.1 DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS…………………………………..11

3.2 ROAD TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES………………………………..11

3.2.1 THE NEED FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF ROAD WAYS…………….12

3.2.2 ROAD DEFECTS AND CAUSES……………………………………..….13

3.3 RAIL TRANSPORT FACILITIES………………………………..………...15

3.3.1 OPERATION……………………………………………………………..…15

3.3.2 DAYS OF OPERATION…………………………………………………....15

3.3.3 WHY THE NEED FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF RAIL FACILITIES…16

3.3.4 DEFECTS AND LOCATIONS ON RAIL…………………………..……..16

3.4 ELECTRICITY……………………………………………………………....17

3.5 WATER SUPPLY…………………………………………………………...18

3.6 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES…………………………..19

3.7 DRAINAGE FACILITIES…………………………………………………...20

3.8 SEWERAGE………………………………………………………………...20

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION/ANALYSIS……………………………...21

4.1 TRENDS IN THE MAINTENANCE OF ROADS IN ILORIN METROPOLIS………………………………………………………………………21

4.2 TRENDS IN THE MAINTENANCE OF RAIL TRANSPORT FACILITIES IN ILORIN METROPOLIS…………………………………………………………25

4.3 TRENDS IN THE MAINTENANCE OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES……………………………………………………………………………27

4.3.1 ELECTRICITY………………………………………………………………27

4.3.2 WATER SUPPLY…………………………………………………………...29

4.3.3 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT……………………………...................31

4.4 DRAINAGE MAINTENANCE……………………………………………...32

4.5 SEWERAGE………………………………………………………………...32

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS…………………………...33

5.1 CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………33

5.2 RECOMMENDATIONS…………………………………………………….34

REFERENCES

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION /BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The quality of a given environment is determined to a large extent by the availability of several forms of urban infrastructures and facilities which have been provided.  Therefore, the term Urban Infrastructures refer to structures, systems and facilities serving a country, city or area; including the service and facilities necessary for its economy to function. Infrastructures typically characterize technical structures such as roads, bridges, tunnels, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, telecommunication, etc. And as well can be defined as the physical components of interrelated systems providing commodities and services essential to enable, sustain, or enhance societal living condition, (Infrastructure – Wikipedia, 2016).

According to Abrams (1967), Urban Infrastructure refers to basic equipment, utilities, production enterprises, instruments and services which are provided essentially for the operation and growth of a city or nation. This means that urban infrastructures are those facilities that aid productivity and directly ameliorate the quality of life of residents. 

In view of the above, we can see that Urban Infrastructures comprise of such transportation facilities as roads, rail, bridges and airports; public utilities such as electricity, water, drainage systems and telephone services. It also includes community services such as educational and health centers, recreational facilities and postal service among others.

Maintenance as it relates to Urban Infrastructure pre–supposes a calculated attempt to support, sustain or uphold the available facilities, (www.iiste.org). It includes all efforts aimed at ensuring that the available infrastructural facilities are kept in a workable or acceptable condition or state for its present and intended use. 

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It has become increasingly apparent that a paradoxical situation is emerging with respect to Urban Infrastructures and their services in Nigeria. On one hand, a huge demand for urban Infrastructures has resulted from rapid urbanization; on the other, existing infrastructures are falling into disrepair before completing their design life. Operation and Maintenance has been identified by many as the key to enhancing the sustainability of the existing Urban Infrastructures. However, there is a general lack of understanding by some people about the role of operation, maintenance and sustainability in the context of good governance and administration. This therefore calls for the study of the maintenance operation of the Urban Infrastructures in Ilorin metropolis.

1.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 

The Aim of this project is to explore the constraints and prerequisite to effective operations, maintenance and Sustainability of Urban Infrastructures and services in Ilorin metropolis.

The objectives of the study are as follow:

1. To investigate the magnitude of urban Infrastructures in Ilorin metropolis; 

2. To investigate the facilities provided for the urban infrastructures and their maintenance;

3. Also looks at the existing condition and the operational services of the existing urban Infrastructures;

4. To determine the sustainable ways of improvement.

1.3 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY

The importance of this project is to study the effective ways and procedures of maintaining the Urban Infrastructures in Ilorin metropolis. This implies that, under good maintenance culture, the Infrastructures should fulfill the design life of which they are intended; during the tender life of the structures, deterioration should not take place under any ill use, worst loading conditions, fatigue, weather or other conditions. And also the deformation of the members of the infrastructures must not cause the structures to lose value from appearance, durability or the performance of the structures before completing their design life. 

1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

Basically, the scope of this project is to study the operation, maintenance and sustainability of urban Infrastructures. The Urban Infrastructures discussed in the study are Transportation facilities which include the Road and Rail Transportation systems; Public Utilities which include Electricity, water supply and solid waste management facilities; Drainage facilities and Sewerage.             

1.5 DESCRIPTION OF STUDY AREA

Ilorin is the State Capital of Kwara in the North-central Geo-political zone of Nigeria. It is situated at 8.50 North latitude, 4.550 East longitude and 290 meters elevation above the sea level, (Ilorin-Wikipedia, 2016). Ilorin had a population of 781,934 as of 2006 National census, with a population projection of 908,490 in 2011, (NPCN web). Ilorin comprises of mainly three local Governments, which are: Ilorin east, Ilorin South and Ilorin west with their capital in Oke-Oyi, Fufu and Oja-Oba respectively. With the population projection in Ilorin, this makes it the 13th largest city in Nigeria by population and also one of the most Urbanized city in the country covering a total of 295 square miles (765 square kilometers), (Ilorin-Wikipedia, 2016).                

1.6 METHODOLOGY

The method used in carrying out this project includes Document reviews, Structured Interviews and Participants/Personal Observations. It involves consultation to the required Ministries and Corporation such as the Kwara State Ministry of Works and Transport, Kwara State Road Maintenance Agency (KWARMA), Ministry of Water Resources, The Nigeria Railway Corporation, Ibadan Electricity Distribution Company (IBEDC), etc. 

.

MAINTENANCE OF URBAN INFRASTRUCTURES (A CASE STUDY OF ILORIN METROPOLIS)



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.




TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.