ASSESSING THE CHALLENGES FACING SMALL SCALE HOTELS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF TEVOLI HOTELS UYO)

ASSESSING THE CHALLENGES FACING SMALL SCALE HOTELS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF TEVOLI HOTELS UYO)   

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION Background of the study: ASSESSING THE CHALLENGES FACING SMALL SCALE HOTELS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF TEVOLI HOTELS UYO)

The establishment of hotels and recreational centers in Nigeria both small scale and large scale has ultimately helped in the socio economic development of the country. For this development that has been as a result of the building and establishment of these hotels to be lasting, the challenges confronting the small scale hotels in Nigeria has to be limited as negligence of these challenges may lead to the shutting down of the already existing ones thereby discouraging entrepreneurs from investing this this profitable niche of business known as the hospitality sector of Nigeria. The Small and medium scale enterprises have long been recognized as an instrument of economic growth and development in Nigeria. This growing recognition has led to the commitment of World Bank group on Small scale hotels sector, as core element in its strategy, to foster economic growth, employment and poverty alleviation. The World Bank group in 2004 approved roughly $2.4 billion in support of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (World Bank, 2001).The Small scale hotels have been given due recognitions especially in the developed nations for playing very important roles towards fostering accelerated economic growth, development and stability within several economies. Several researches have been conducted on the prospect and challenges of Small scale hotels in Nigeria and abroad as Small- and medium-sized enterprises (Small scale hotels) have long been believed to be important in supporting economics development within a country (see Akhtar & CDASED, 1999; Mazzarol, Volery, Doss, and Thein, 1999; Al-Shaikh, 1998) while others such as Chukwuemeka (2006), Agwu and Emeti, (2004), Arinaitwe (2006), Lundström (2005), Oboh (2002), Okpara (2000), Wale-Awe (2000), Ihyembe (2000), Bruch and Hiemenz (1984), Binks and Ennew (1996), Baumback (1983); and a host of others have observed various factors or challenges that impedes the performance of Small scale hotels ranging from inadequate finance, poor infrastructural facilities, inadequate managerial skill, weak and instability of government policies and other presumed factors and challenges causing premature death of Small scale hotels as Beckman (1983) classified the problems as internal and external. Many studies have looked at the respective factors that are germane to the success of Small scale hotels. Teoh and Chong (2008), Ding and Li (2010) argued about that lack of access to credit and managerial skills are the major obstacles to entrepreneurship development and that in a knowledge-based economy, the intellectual capital is gradually replacing the physical assets in modern enterprises. In the seminal work of Aschauer (1989), he finds that the provision of public infrastructure is a significant determinant of aggregate productivity of Small scale hotels. Pointing to these different findings, it appears that empirical studies on the prospects and challenges of Small scale hotels are still largely inconclusive as the direction to which of these factors serve as prospects for Small scale hotels and those which are really challenges have not been properly identified. In tandem with the objective thrust of this study, none of these studies has observed the ranking of these challenges in order of their importance or the priorities on the Small scale hotels. The authors only argued on the presumed factors that affect Small scale hotels, that is why this study intends to look at factors that have the highest priorities or ranking order of importance using principal component of factor analysis; being the gap existing in empirical works. Apart from this introductory section, the remaining aspect of this study is divided into four other sections.

Significance of the study: ASSESSING THE CHALLENGES FACING SMALL SCALE HOTELS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF TEVOLI HOTELS UYO)

Assessing the challenges of small scale hotels in Nigeria would help highlight the challenges confronting small scale hotels in Nigeria with a view to tackling such challenges so that investors can be confident enough to invest in the Nigerian economy which would at the long run help in the socio economic development of Nigeria.

Objectives of the study: ASSESSING THE CHALLENGES FACING SMALL SCALE HOTELS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF TEVOLI HOTELS UYO)

The following are the aims and objectives of embarking on this study

To examine the challenges of small scale hotels in Uyo To identify factors that can enhance growth of small scale hotels in Uyo. To know if investors are confident of investing in the hospitality sector of Nigeria. To know the magnitude of challenges confronting small scal hotels in uyo. To proffer solutions to the development of small scale hotels in Nigeria. Scope of the study

This study is on the assessment of the challenges facing small scale hotels in Nigeria. With Tevoli hotels Uyo as the case study.  

Research questions What are the challenges of small scale hotels in Nigeria? What are the factors that can enhance the growth of small scale hotels in Nigeria? What is the level of challenge confronting the hospitality sector in Nigeria? What are the solutions to the development of small scale hotels in Nigeria? Research Hypothesis

H0: the challenges of small scale hotels in Uyo are low H1: the challenges of small scale hotels in Uyo are high H0: small scale hotels do not impact on the economic status of Nigeria H1: small scale hotels impacts on the economic status of Nigeria

Definition of terms Hotel: An establishment providing accommodation, meals, and other services for travellers and tourists, by the night. Infrastructure: The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g. buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise. Economy: The state of a country or region in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services and the supply of money.

REFERENCE Aschauer, D. A. (1989): Is Public Expenditure Productive? Journal of Monetary Economics,23(2), pp. 177–200. Al-Shaikh, F. N.(1998).Factors for small business failure in developing countries. Advances in Competitiveness Research, 6(10): 75-87. Arinaitwe, S.K,(2006).Factors Constraining the Growth and Survival of Small Scale Businesses. A Developing Countries Analysis.Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 8(2): 167-179. Ariyo, D. (1999). Small firms are the backbone of the Nigeria economy, Africa Economic Analysis, Africa Business Information Services, Bridgnorth United Kingdom. Auty, R.M., 2000. The political economy of resource-driven growth. Paper presented at the 15th Annual Congress of the European Economic Association, Bolzano August}September. Beckman, J. (1983). Entrepreneurship and the Outlook of American. New York: Free Press Bruch, M. R. and Hiemenze, U. (1984). Small- and Medium-Scale Industries in the ASEAN Countries: Agents or Victims of Economic Development? West View Press, Boulder. Binks, M .R. and Ennew, C.T. (1996). Growing Firm and Credit Constraint, Small-Scale Business Economics, 17-25. Ekpeyong, D.B. and Nyong, M.O. (1992) “Small and Medium Scale Enterprises Development in Nigeria”. Seminar Paper on Economic \ Policy Research for Policy Design and Management in Nigeria, NCEMA. Ericson, R., and A. Pakes, 1995, “Markov-Perfect Industry Dynamics: a Framework for Empirical Work”, Reviewof Economic Studies, 62(1): 53-82. Fatai, A. (2011).“Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria: The Problems andProspects”. Retrieved January15from . Haper, M. (1984). Small Business in the Third World, John Wiley & Sons Hashim, M. K., and Wafa, S. A. 2002. Small & medium sized enterprises in Malaysia: Development issues. Petaling Jaya, Malaysia: Prentice Hall. Ihyembe, R.H. (2000). Financing SME: International Perspective.The Nigerian Banker,Journal of the Chartered Institute of Bankers of Nigeria, 20-27. Leitner, Karl-Heinz, 2011. The effect of intellectual capital on product innovativeness in SMEs. International Journal of Technology Management, vol53, No.1. Agwu, M.O. & C.I. Emeti European Journal of Sustainable Development (2014), 3, 1, 101-114 Muhammad, M.Z, Char, A.K , Yasoa,M.R and Hassan, Z, (2010). Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Competing in the Global Business Environment: A Case of Malaysia. InternationalBusiness Research, Vol.3, No1. Okpara F.O,(2000).Entrepreneurship (Text and Cases). Enugu Nigeria: Precision Printers and Publishers. Onakuse S 2004.AReview of Corruption and Sustainable Development in Nigeria. Ireland: Centre for Sustainable Livelihood, University College Cork. Oboh GAT(2002).Bank Participation in the Promotion of Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises.Being a paper presented at the 6th Fellows and Associates Forum of CIBN on 13th April. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,(OECD),(2000).Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: Local Strength, Global Reach, OECD Policy Review, June, pp. 1-8. Ojiako,O.F.(2000) Problems of Small-scale Enterprises in Nigeria. The Business Administrator, UNN, Enugu, Vol. 15. Okpara, J. O., & Wynn, P. (2007). Determinants of small business growth constraints in a sub-Saharan African economy. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 72(2), 24. Onugu, B. A. N. (2005). Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria: Problems and prospects (Unpublished Dissertation for a Doctor of Philosophy in Management Award, St. Clements University, Nigeria).. Rogers, B.A. (2002). Funding of SMEs: Sourcing of Funds and Problems LimitingAccess, ICAN journal. Nigerian Accountant Vol. 35 No. 1 January/March. Shaari, Jamal Abdul Nassir, Khalique Muhammad and IsaAbu Hassan bin Md., (2010). Ranking of Public and Domestic Private Sector Commercial Banks in Pakistanon the Basis of the Intellectual Capital Performance.Proceedings of International Borneo Business Conference (BBC2010), Vol.1. Teoh, W. M. Y. & Chong, S. C(2008). Improving women entrepreneurs in small and medium enterprises in Malaysia: policy recommendations31-38(project topics   final year project topics)

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

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