THE HERBARIUM TECHNIQUE


THE HERBARIUM TECHNIQUE 

ABSTRACT:   

Collection, processing and classification of plant leaves specimens covering eight (8) families of plants with eight different species was done. This technique was done to establish a herbanum for the biology laboratory of Science Laboratory Technology, IMT Enugu at its Campus 3. Of the eight families covered, six were monocotyledon and these were families of euphobiareae, myrtaceae, gramineae, mehaceae and composite. While two others were of dicotyledons families, papilionacea and papilionaea and all these were angiosperm. The plant specimens were systematically lodged in the herbarium cabinet in which they were appropriately labeled for future use. The procedure and technique involves careful collection of plant specimens, laying of the specimens, pressing, drying, mounting, identification, documentation and storage of the plant specimens (leaves).

TABLE OF CONTENT

Content

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgment

Abstract

Table of content

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background information

1.2 Aim and objectives of the study

1.3 Statement of the problem

1.4 Hypothesis 

1.5 Significance of the study

1.6 Limitation of the study

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature review

2.1 Purpose of herbarium

2.2 Nature of a herbarium 

2.3 Uses of herbarium     

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Materials and methods

3.1 Materials

3.2 Methods

3.2.1 Collection of plant samples

3.2.2 Processing of plant samples 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Result and discussion

4.1 Classification of plants samples

4.2 Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Conclusion and recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

5.2 Recommendation 

REFERENCES

CHAPTER ONE

1.0      INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND INFORMATION

According to clamber land (1994), herbarium can simply be defined as a collection of dried, preserved and pressed plant specimens which are arranged systematically, serving as a taxonomic reference of plants for their identification and classification. He further defines it as a repository of preserved and labeled plant specimen to allow easy access and archival storage. The herbarium is useful for research identification of plants and for comparison of materials with previous collection. It is also a growing source of knowledge about the vegetation of an area. Its effectiveness and value depend on the care with which the specimens are preserved, mounted, completeness of identifications, labeling, satisfactory arrangement and maintenance of the collection.

Dried and mounted specimens are stored in cabinets with tight fitting doors. The storage cabinet is provided with partitions in which the families of plants may be arranged in alphabetical order or (more usually) in some presumed phylogenetic order. The specimens are typically in form of herbarium sheets, pressed and dried plants have been glued to a sheet of heavy paper, together with a labeled data. The label describes useful information, which include the plants Latin name, the origin of the collection, the data of collection, and the name of the collector. Within the cabinet, the specimens are arranged according to the family, genes and species they represent, as well as the geographic location from which they were collected.

1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 

AIM

Construction of a herbarium 

OBJECTIVES 

It includes:

(i) To construct a herbarium.

(ii) To identify plants to their species levels

(iii) To collect plants of agricultural and medicinal interest within our locality.

1.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Since, the already constructed herbarium in the biology laboratory of science laboratory technology, IMT Enugu is old, and the collected plant specimens are destroyed by termites and other pests, therefore there is need to collect new plants specimen. To have an updated collection of plant specimens that is properly classified for further references.

1.4 HYPOTHESIS

HO: Herbarium construction provides information within our locality.

H1: Herbarium construction does not provide information within our locality.

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this project study is that, this research will provide an up to date herbarium for the biology laboratory of science technology department IMT Enugu.

1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Plant collection and identification are limited to agricultural and medicinal plants of local interest.

.

THE HERBARIUM TECHNIQUE



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.




TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.