Title Page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

Approval Page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

Declaration    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

Dedication    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

Acknowledgement    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

Abstract    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

Table of Contents    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    


1.1    Background of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    

1.2    Statement of the Problem    -    -    -    -    

1.3    Objectives of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -    

1.4    Research Questions    -    -    -    -    -    -    

1.5    Research Hypothesis    -    -    -    -    -    -    

1.6    Significance of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    

1.7    Scope of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -    

1.8    Limitations of the Study    -    -    -    -    -

1.9    Definition of Terms    -    -    -    -    -    -    


2.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

2.2    Theoretical Framework    -    -    -    -    -    

2.3    Conceptual Framework    -    -    -    -    -    

2.4    Empirical Review    -    -    -    -    -    -


3.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

3.2    Research Design    -    -    -    -    -    -    

3.3    Population of Study    -    -    -    -    -    -    

3.4    Sample size and Sampling Techniques    -    -    -    

3.5    Method of Data Collection    -    -    -    -    -    

3.6    Research Instrument

3.7    Validity of the Instrument    -    -    -    -    -    

3.8    Reliability of the Instrument    -    -    -    -    

3.9    Sampling Method    -    -    -    -    -    -    


4.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

4.2    Data Presentation and Analysis    -    -    -    -    

4.3    Testing Hypothesis    -    -    -    -    -    -    


5.1    Summary    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

5.2    Conclusion    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

5.3    Recommendations    -    -    -    -    -    -    

    References -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    

Appendix    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -



1.1        Background to the study: 

            Throughout the world, the construction industry stands out among all other industries as the main contributor to severe and fatal-work related accidents. In the United Kingdom, for example the industry accounts for one third of all work-related fatalities and, five construction workers are killed every two weeks. Emerging economies and less developed countries are no exception to high fatality rates. Construction workers are five times more likely to suffer a permanent disability than those in other industries (Chinda and Mohammed, 2008).

Health and Safety Executive (2002) asserts that, over the years a great deal of effort has gone in to reducing the number of people who were killed or injured as a result of construction work.

Initiatives from all sides of the industry have produced a long term reduction in the number of injuries and fatalities, but recently their effects have diminished and the number of deaths has increased (HSE, 2002).

The situation in developing countries like Nigeria is worst than what prevails in developed countries because of lack of statutory regulations on health and safety.

According to Grant (2002), safety legislation alone cannot change this situation. What is needed is a change in the inbred attitudes of all involved with construction operation, manual workers, management, designers and client. This change can be helped by implementing legislation but it also requires higher levels of awareness of safety problems and how they can be reduced.

Although several health and safety standards exist, the extent to which construction firms adhere to this standards differs. It is important to understand the extent to which they comply with the standards.

According to Lepe  et al (2008), accidents in the construction industry represent a substantial ongoing cost to the employers, workers and society. The costs of accidents incurred by contractors on account of accident are divided in to three (3) sections:

i. The cost of construction health and safety measures, that is expenses invested directly by contractors in safety measures to prevent accident.

ii. Direct costs: this define as those actual costs that can be directly attributable to injuries and fatalities. Is a cost caused by accidents arising from occurrence of accidents despite the fact that safety measure were in place. It refers to expenditure on insurance, damage to building and equipment or vehicles, cost of health or expenditure on medical care, cost of investigation, legal cost, death, permanent associated with accidents.

iii.  Indirect costs: it refer to costs that may not be covered by insurance and are the less tangible costs that result from accident. They are classified by HSE as those costs incurred by the diversion of time to deal with the consequences of an accident, which also can affect productivity and these include, cleaning up, hire consulting experts, time lost, sick pay, overtime working and temporary labour.

1.2          Need for the study: 

 Over the years, a high number of people were killed or  injured as a result of construction work (HSE, 2002).

It is therefore  necessary to investigate the degree to which construction industry adhere to health and safety regulations on construction site in Nigeria.

1.3   Statement of research problem

Due to the fact that high rate of accident do occur on construction sites.

Alfred et al (2008),in an attempt to evaluate health and safety performance of Nigerian construction sites, found that the tool problem,  health problem, workmanship and material standard factor, contingencies and corporate code of health and safety management are the major factors causing occupational hazards.

Bako (2008), highlight the possible provision of health and safety facilities on construction site and ways of improving safety measures. He found that the commonest accidents on construction site are, people stuck by falling object, people falling/slipping from walkways, scaffold and stepping on dangerous object. He also found that lack of provision of safety facilities has resulted to accident and loss of life to workmen and to the economy and also to the employer.

With all effort of researchers to tackle the problems of health and safety, it is observed that accident still happen on construction site. It is also observed that no one has made an effort to undertake research on the extent to which health and safety regulations are adhered to on construction site. Thus  it is highly desirable to find out whether health and safety regulations are being adhered to on construction sites.

1.4         Aim and Objectives: 

1.4.1 Aim

The aim of this research is to evaluate the extent to which construction firms  adhere to health and safety regulations on construction sites in Nigeria.

1.4.2 Objectives

To identify  the health and safety regulations. To examine the extent to which construction firms in Nigeria, adhere to health and safety regulations.

1.5     Scope and Limitation: 

This research covers construction sites in Abuja (FCT) and Niger State only.

Due to time constraints, there was difficulty in collecting sufficient data from the survey and also the research is limited to Abuja (FCT) and Niger State of Nigeria. Also some respondents may be bias in their answers.



RESEARCHWAP.COM is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing