Engineering Surveying is one of the branches of surveying which from the general express for any survey work carried out in connection with construction engineering and building project, it is a large scale topographical map survey which the basis for design of engineering works such as highways, railways, canals, tunnels, dams, pipelines and transmission lines.

In the word of engineering and environmental studies, surveying has been recognized as the inevitable operation been described as be the bedrock of every meaningful development. The greater part of its responsibility is seen from the various types of surveying which are all geared toward promoting route ways, convenience, accessibility and spatial declination of both natural and social environment. In addition, surveying means the activities of planning, designing, constructions, development and rehabilitation of roads, depending on the survey data required by the surveyor.

Route survey which is an aspect of engineering survey may be defined as the survey operation that is done for the establishment of the horizontal and vertical alignment of transportation facilities. It involved: planning, design and setting out of any route such as railways, highways, pipelines and canals etc. as obtained by a surveyor and it also involved the proper assessment of natural and man-made features.  

In addition, this type of survey should be applied when there is need for alignment, expansion, or rehabilitation at any existing route (road) e.g. for traffic purposes. The reason is that route survey provides a plan/map that shows the alignment, details, profile and cross sectional leveling which depicts the nature of the terrain of a given strip of land which serves the purpose of location, design and construction of route networks. 

Good road network is one of the basic amenities needed by human being as movement is one of the characteristics of living things. There are needs for people to move from one place to the other and transportation of goods and services. Therefore for any meaningful development in a country, good road is a must. 


It was discovered that the route from Oyun to olorun village moro Local government Ilorin, Kwara State, had been badly eroded and full of potholes; also, the road is found to be too narrow and needed to be extended considering the volume of traffic plying the road. Rehabilitation of this road should be carried out in other to increase its carrying capacity thereby increase the physical development and human activities therein. Due to these, certain information about the road must be acquired which calls for route survey so as to get the baseline data necessary for the road design.

The main aim of this project is:

To carry-out Route Survey of Oyun-Oloru road in Moro local government area, Ilorin, Kwara State


In actualization of the said aim of the project, the following objectives

Were followed sequentially:

(i) Reconnaissance which include office planning and field reconnaissance.

(ii) Identification of existing features and adjoining roads.

(iii) Stability of the ground controls to be use for orientation.

(iv) Determination of centre line and marking of chainages along the centre line at an interval of 25m.

(v) Marking out some selected points for the cross-sectioning at intervals of 3m to the right and left on the profile and also the edges of drainage was marked. 

(vi) Leveling to determine the height of some selected points along the road.

(vii) Detailing by the use of a total station Mato NTS352R

(viii) Plan production (graphical representation of the surveyed road way) drawn with appropriate scale.

(ix) Reports write up.


The following are the specification to be ascertained in the project: 

(i) Traverse must commence on three coordinated (known) controls and closed on another set of three coordinated controls which must be confirmed undisturbed by necessary measurement (control checks).

(ii) Third order  traverse must be run along the route on all turning points at one zero observation and the angular difference  from both faces should not be more than thirty seconds (30"), the angular misclosure is determined by 30"√n,   

Where ‘n’ is the total number of station observed.

(iii) Establishing traverse points by using pegs together with nails and bottle corks.  

(iv) Spirit leveling must commence on a known benchmark and closed back on another known benchmark. Formulae for its misclosure are ±24mm√k, where ‘k’ is the total distance covered in kilometers.

(v) Leveling must be observed at every 25m intervals on the centre line and at 5m intervals on both sides of the centre line for the cross sectioning. Edges of drainage at both sides should be heightened.

(vi) Fixing of relevant features to enhance assessment and necessary composition for good interpretation of plan.

(vii) Setting out curve by using deflection angle method within third other survey.

(viii) The accuracy of the project must fall within the order of the project.


The entire project covered the following:-

(i) Reconnaissance (both office planning and field reconnaissance).

(ii) Data acquisition:

(a) Selection of stations.

(b) Traverse  angular observation and data recording.

(c) Linear measurement with the aid of Mato NTS352R total station.

(d) Spirit leveling of traverse centre line and adjacent sides (longitudinal or    profile and cross sectioning).

(e) Fixing of details by tacheometry method.

(iii)Computations to determine:

(a) Horizontal coordinates (i.e. x and y coordinates)

(b) Vertical coordinates (i.e. z coordinates) by level reduction.

(c) Setting out angles and distance for the curve.

(iii) Data analysis i.e. comparing result obtained with the required accuracy.

(iv) Data presentation :

(a) Production of horizontal alignment (i.e. plan showing existing features and the propose route).

(b) Production of longitudinal section plan

(c) Production of cross section plan

(d)Project report writing: - This involves writing of detail report in connection with entire project done in conformity with the outline given by the project supervisor.


The underlisted names are the personnel that participated in the execution of this project. They are:






The project site is the route from Oyun to olorun village moro Local Government area Ilorin, Kwara State. It cover approximately extent of land.

Figure 1.7.1 : study area diagram Moro Local Government Ilorin Kwara State




The necessity of this project was to design a road network through data acquire from Oyun to Oloru village Moro Local Government Area. This began with reconnaissance through visitation to the project site and drawing of the reconnaissance diagram.

Also the necessary information and equipment were collected from the department of Surveying and Geo informatics unit of the school. The test of instrument and control check were carried out to ensure controls were in order. Also data acquisition was made through traversing, leveling and detailing. 

More so, applicable formula were used to process the acquire data that helped in obtaining the coordinates of the selected points. The accuracy of the data was cross checked with allowable accuracy limit. Information was used to establish the design of the curve along the route using geographical information system (GIS). The processed data was plotted using CIVILCAD with appropriate scale and paper size and printed copies. Some important details along the route were shown on the plan.


The major problems encountered on the field were mentioned below;

1. Present of pot holes along the route 

2. Traffic along the route caused delay during the field observation. This was corrected by changing direction traffic during the work.

3.  Heavy rainfalls mostly lead to the postponement of work, instead of two (2) days on site we spent(3-5) days.

4. The scorching heat from the sun was also a great challenge  


Having undergone the project successfully, I hereby conclude that the aims of the project were achieved as the expected accuracy as the obtained result conformed to the required accuracy of the third order job. Also, the great tasking exercise actually exposed and broadened my knowledge on the scope and concept of engineering work involved in route surveying, more so, the project has been successfully executed as adequate data were acquired, processed and presented in plans.

Finally, the project result could be used in rehabilitation or construction of the route by any government authority concerned.


Having successfully carried out the project assignment, I hereby recommend the following

⦁ The data and result obtained from this project can / should be used for further construction analysis

⦁ The result can further be used for more research work along / within the road limit

⦁ Practical of such should be given to students not for final year project alone as it broaden students’ knowledge of engineering aspect of surveying.



RESEARCHWAP.COM is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing