The study examined the impact of production strategy on profitability of an organization, using Ibom Power Company, Ikota Abasi as a case study. The main objectives of the study were to examine the various production strategies of the company as well as analyse how these strategies have enhanced profitability and overall productivity of the organization under study.

Concerning methodology, the researcher adopted both the secondary a

In view of the fact that the importance of production planning and inventory control both of the private and public sector cannot be overstressed. The researcher wishes to conclude that both planning and control of inventory in Jubilee hotel need to be improved as a major area. Organization has come of age and as such cannot afford unnecessary items wastage. In as much as the application system remain the same, the system can only work satisfactorily when the right cumber of staff are managing the affairs of the organization. If the application of planning and inventory control is allowed in to the hand of management and the organization stands to benefit from the system and it will enhance  the profitability.                    


Content                                            page

Title page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    i

Approval    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    ii

Dedication    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    iii

Acknowledgement    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    iv

Abstract    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    v


1.1 background of the study

1.2 statement of the problem

1.3 objectives of the study

1.4    research questions

 1.5 research hypothesis

1.6 significance of the study

1.7 scope of the study

1.8 limitation of the study

1.9 definition of terms



2.1 introduction

2.2 the goals of a business oganization

2.3 the concept of product

2.4 product development

2.4.1 the introduction stage

2.4.2 the growth stage

2.4.3 the maturity stage

2.4.4 the decline stage

2.4.5 the abandonment stage

2.5 the concept of production

2.5.1 factors of production

2.6 production planning and scheduling

2.6.1 problem-solving: finding optimal schedules

2.6.2 decision-making

2.6.3 the organizational perspective: sharing information

2.6.4 the production planning and production scheduling interface

2.6.5 computer-based production scheduling

2.7 algorithms used in production scheduling

2.7.1 benefits of production scheduling

2.7.2 factors affecting scheduling processes

2.8 production strategies

2.8.1 flexible manufacturing strategy

2.8.2 value-added manufacturing strategy

2.8.3 agile manufacturing strategy

2.8.4 mass customisation


3.1 introduction

3.2 area of study

3.3 population of study

 3.5    sample size and sampling techniques

3.6    instrument of data collection

3.7    validation of instrument

3.8    reliability of instrument

3.9    method of data collection

3.10    methods of data analysis


4.1    introduction

4.2    respondent characteristics

4.3    data presentation and analysis

Data presentation

4.4    summary of findings

4.5    discussion of findings


5.1    summary

5.2    conclusion

5.3    recommendation


Appendix ii

Questionnaire                       CHAPTER ONE



The two primary objectives of every business are profitability and solvency.  Profitability is the ability of a business to make profit, while solvency is the ability of a business to pay debts as they come due.  However, the achievement of these objectives requires efficient management of resources of the business through planning, budgeting, forecasting, control, and decision – making.  Also, the strengths and weakness of the business need to be identified and necessary corrective measures applied.  Interestingly, accounting provides information that facilitates these functions.

 In the past twenty (20) years, technological advancements, international competitions and market dynamics have brought a major impact to the textile manufacturing industry. Intense competition encourages management to develop new production and supply methodologies in order to remain competitive (Abernathy, 1995). One key issue involves the allocation of scarce production resources over competing demands, which is a typical problem in dealing with many complex man-made systems

Many manufacturing facilities generate and update production schedules, which are plans that state when certain controllable activities (e.g., processing of jobs by resources) should take place. Production scheduling can be difficult and time-consuming. In dynamic, stochastic manufacturing environments, managers, production planners, and supervisors must not only generate high-quality schedules but also react quickly to unexpected events and revise schedules in a cost-effective manner. These events, generally difficult to take into consideration while generating a schedule, disturb the system, generating considerable differences between the predetermined schedule and its actual realization on the shop floor. Rescheduling is then practically mandatory in order to minimize the effect of such disturbances in the performance of the system. Production scheduling activities are common but complex. There exist many different views and perspectives of production scheduling. Each perspective has a particular scope and its own set of assumptions. Different perspectives lead naturally to different approaches to improving production scheduling.

Successful organizations all over the world plan and schedule their production processes in-order to meet customers’ demands, eliminate waste and maximise profits. This is achieved through employing various production strategies to satisfy and exceed customer demands and needs.

Organizational profitability is greatly influenced by how an organization manages its production process (es). Since profits are measured and determined by the difference between cost of production and sales, it is imperative that operational managers must take production seriously. Production which can be defined as a process of transforming tangible inputs (raw materials, semi-finished goods) and intangible inputs (ideas, information and knowledge) into goods or services is a major determinant of profits. If customers do not buy goods and services produced by an organization, loses are likely to be incurred as cost of production will not be recovered by the firm. The primary mission of production strategy is planning the production schedule within budgetary limitations and time constraints. This is done by analysing the organization’s personnel and capital resources to select the best way of meeting the production quota. Production strategies determine (often using mathematical formulas) which machines will be used, whether new machines need to be purchased, whether overtime or extra shifts are necessary, and what the sequence of production will be. Production is also monitored and controlled to ensure very problem observed in the production process is detected and corrected to eliminate wastages and delay in production. Various studies have shown that proper production and inventory management and control leads to a ore efficient and profitable organization as delays in production, product defects and wastages are eliminated.


Planning and scheduling the production process in the most efficient and profitable manner has been a major challenge to most manufacturing firms in Nigeria. A study conducted by Obuji (2007) revealed that firms are confronted with the challenge of sourcing for raw materials, getting the right employees and machineries for production. This challenge has crippled the operations of many organizations in Nigeria as wastages are experienced and majority of the production process outsourced are eliminated.

Production strategies have three primary goals or objectives. The first involves due dates and avoiding late completion of jobs. The second goal involves throughput times; the firm wants to minimize the time a job spends in the system, from the opening of a shop order until it is closed or completed. The third goal concerns the utilization of work centres. Firms usually want to fully utilize costly equipment and personnel.

Often, there is conflict among the three objectives. Excess capacity makes for better due-date performance and reduces throughput time but wreaks havoc on utilization. Releasing extra jobs to the shop can increase the utilization rate and perhaps improve due-date performance but tends to increase throughput time.

A feasible schedule satisfies demands. An optimal schedule minimizes total production cost while satisfying demands. The problem that most manufacturing firms face is how to establish an efficient production schedule that minimizes both total production and inventory (storage) cost while satisfying customer demands.


The central objective of the study is to investigate the impact of production planning on productivity in Ibom Power company Ikot Abasi. Other sub-objectives are as follows:

i.    To determine production strategies and activities of Ibom Power Company Ikot Abasi plant.

ii.    To evaluate the effect of production system in manufacturing of Ibom Power Companyproducts?

iii.    To explore the meaning of production strategy

iv.    To evaluate the relevance of production strategy concept.


i.    What are the production strategy activities in Ibom Power Companycompany Ikot Abasi

ii.    What is the effect of production system in the manufacturing of Ibom Power Companyproducts?

    iii.    What is the meaning of production startegy

iv.    Is Production strategy relevant to profitability.


To carry out the study effectively, the following proposed hypothesis has been formulated and will be tested using chi-square in the course of carrying out the study:


Ho: Production strategies have no significant impact on the profitability level of an organization.

Hi: Production strategies have significant impact on the profitability of an organization.


The study will be useful to operational managers in Ibom Power Company, Ikot Abasi especially in formulating policies that will enhance efficiency and increase the profitability level of the organization.

The study will also be useful to other manufacturing companies involved in the daily use of various production strategies to boost their profit. Findings and recommendations from this study will be of great benefits to these manufacturing firms, as the recommendations if implemented will go a long way in guaranteeing a sustainable and sound organization.

The study when carried out will also be of great benefit to student researchers who have interest in researching more into production and production strategies. It will act like a guide to student researchers who may find the recommendations and findings of the study when completed useful.   1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

To get the real picture of how production strategy can affect profit of an organization, the researcher will make use of Ibom Power Company, Ikot Abasi. Financial statements published by the company for a period of  three (3) years (2009-2011) will be used for the study.   1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

However, there cannot be thorough research without fund. Thus, the lack of fund pose as a limitation to this work; also, time factor is included because the issue of combining lecture with research is not an easy task.   1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Production: This is the act of creating output, a goods or service which has value and contributes to the utility of individuals. The act may or may not include factors of production other than labor. Any effort directed toward the realization of a desired product or service is a "productive" effort and the performance of such act is production.

Product: This refers to a good, idea, method, information, object or service created as a result of a process and serves a need or satisfies a want. It has a combination of tangible and intangible attributes (benefits, features, functions, uses) that a seller offers a buyer for purchase

Production strategy: This is the ultimate vision of the product, as it states where the product will end up. By setting a product strategy, you can determine the direction of your product efforts.

Profit: This refers to the difference between the purchase price and the costs of bringing to market

Ibom Power Company: United Cement Company of Nigeria


Ogbuji, G., (2007). The cyclic lot scheduling problem with sequence-dependent setups. Operations Research, 40, pp. 736-749.



RESEARCHWAP.COM is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing