Title Page




Table of Content


1.0 Background of the study

1.1 Introduction 

1.2 Statement of the problem

1.3 Objective of the Study

1.4 Significant of the Study

1.5 Research Hypothesis

1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

1.7 Organization of the Study

1.8 Definition of Terms


Literature Review

2.0 Introduction

2.1 Theoretical Frame Work

2.2 Current trend in thinking

2.3 Summary of the chapter



3.0 Research Methodology

3.1 Sample and Population of the Study

3.2 Sources of data and data collection

3.3 Method of data analysis

3.4 Research Problem


Data Presentation analysis and interpretation of findings

4.0 Introduction

4.1 Brief History of Ilorin east Local Government

4.3 Organizational Structure of Ilorin east Local Government 

4.3 Analysis of Hypothesis

4.4 Testing of Hypothesis

4.5 Summary of the Data



Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1 Summary of Findings

5.2 Recommendation

5.3 Conclusion 





Local government is the closest tier of government to the people. Local government is not only an institution for economic but also the bedrock on which the growth and development rural areas by Federal and State Government super structure are laid.

Throughout West Africa, the history of Local Government Introduced by the British colonial administration to the former West African territories was imported from Britain experience in it colony in India and had little or no relationship with the history and characteristics of our people. Though community development in not new in Nigeria, it is the emphasis on it now which makes it almost a revolution.

  However, community development as a process in which the inhabitants of a local government community organize themselves to provide social amenities on their own with or without government assistance.


The major problem that hinder the progress of the local government community development includes: Inadequate findings and withholding of local government funds by the control of federal government are joint account with the state government. Lack of local government autonomy over local affair, selection rather than election of local government executives by state government. Corruption nepotism and favoritism.


In view of the important of local government as agent of community development, this work will highlight the important of the local government in community development. 

It will also examine the impact of local government area council in its social economic and political activities. This works will also examine the performance of local government on community development within it area of jurisdiction.


This work should be useful and beneficial not only Ilorin east local government, but to other agencies involved in grass roots development efforts. It will also help to contribute to the existing body of knowledge on Ilorin east local government area of Kwara State and serve as a reference for further research work.


The local government administration objectives which are both political and administrative in nature can be streamlined to effectively mobilize local resources both human and materials through the achieve in conjunction with higher authorities i.e. Federal and State government to facilitate social economic and political development of these rural communities.

Local government can be a veritable agent for grassroots community development when and if the following issue are critically examine and adopted: the local government statutory power and autonomy, if given prominence with institutional backing that would encourage civil consciousness political participation and consultation on policy issued. It would not bring enthusiasms on the part of the people, but reduces areas of friction and possible outbreak of violence.

Reliable system of funding devoid of corruption practice can facilitate quick response for local demand and aspiration for programmes and projects that would have direct impact on inhabitants. Planning process and implementation carried out from local level would have absolute support of local community. The Federal and state government can interface through filed agencies with local communities by enlightment and educational campaign for implementation of policies of central government.     


This study presents the research on local government as agent of community development. It covers the role of Ilorin east local government as a catalyst for the community development and the roles of various unit of the local government in this regards. It covers in retrospect the period from the time of local government reform in 1976 as a reference point till date. Taking into cognizance that the local government (Ilorin east) under spotlight was created in December 1991.

This work would not cover certain area such as secret files or documents of Ilorin east local government and the details of pre 1976 reform period of local government. The limitation of this work is attributable to various obstacles encountered in the personnel who usually refer to some document as “Classified documents” and secret files. Time constraint was another facto as well as inadequate finance.


This research work has been carefully arranged as to contain the following chapters

Chapter one: Chapter of this research work focuses on the introduction of the study following by the statement of the problem, purpose and objective significance of the study, research methodology, scope and limitation of the study, the organization of the study that show how the work is organized from chapter one to five. The various term used where define in the definition of terms. Finally reference was made to give account for the various material used in the research work.

Chapter two: The chapter two of this research work explain in the literature review of the study, introduction, the theoretical framework, current trend in thinking, summary of the chapter and finally concluded by references.

Chapter Three: This chapter of the research work entices on the research methodology, research population and sample, data collection instrument, method of data analysis and finally research problem and references.

Chapter Four: The chapter four of the research give account for the data presentation and analysis interpretation of findings, introduction brief history of the case study of Ilorin east local government, presentation of data and analysis of data, testing of hypothesis, summary of the chapter and references.

Chapter five: the last chapter of the research work that contains summary, recommendation and conclusion, summary of findings, recommendation, conclusion and bibliography to end the work.


Local government: can be defined as the unit of administration with constitutionally defines territory and power as well as a administration authority with relative autonomy.

It can also be describe as an administrative body for a small geographical area such as city. Town, country, or state.

  It can also be define as government at a local level exercised through council established by law to exercise specific powers within defined areas.

Rural Communities: refers to the country side and is demographically defined as that setting that has less than ten thousand people inhabiting a particular area or location. The economic activities of a greater percentage of farming.

Development: This is a process of social transformation, which may manifest in visible change in the physical environment and or the upward movement of such hid ices gross nation product, per capital income, declining material mortality and increase employment.

Community development: can be defined as a structured intervention that gives communities greater control over the conditions that affect their lives.

It also a skilled process and part of its approach is the belief that communities cannot be helped unless they themselves agree to this process. 

Community development has to look ways: not only at how the community is working at the grass roots, but also at how responsive key institutions are to the needs of local communities.


Akanmere F.A (2001): Issues and concept in Government And politics of Nigeria. Lagos Silmate Association Publisher.

Akpan, U.N (1967): Epitaph to direct rule, a discourse an Local Government in African, London, French case Ltd.

Bamidele J.A and Simon J.N (2006): Conceptual Approach To the study of local government administration Ilorin, Olad Publisher. 

Bello Imam I.B (1990): Local Government Finance: in Nigeria, Ibadan, Vintage Publisher.

Kwara State Ministry of Rural Development and Water resources (1980) Community Development Kwara State Experience. Ilorin Government Printer.  

Williams. S. (1982): Rural Development in Nigeria University of Ile-Ife Press Nigeria.




Different scholars in their postulation have defined local government in one way or the other.

These definitions, whether in a unitary system or Federal system of government as been operated in Nigeria. Local government remains an essential instrument of national or state government instrument involved in the performance of certain basic activities and function which can best be administered locally on the intimate knowledge of the needs conduction and peculiarities of the community concerned, for their overall development.



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