CHAPTER ONE 1.0     Introduction

Adolescence is the transitory period the individual passes through in his /her growth from childhood to Adulthood. Studies have shown that the period consists of pressure which may be either internal or external to the young adult (Adams, 2006 & Schneider, 2010). Besides being a transitory period, they posited that it is a time of self-definition for the young individual.

In contemporary society, peer group influences have become increasingly pronounced and studies have shown that adolescents were more likely to increase behaviour that receives peer group approval (Arnett, 1992; De Vries et al., 1995; Allen et al., 2005; Clark & Loheac, 2007). Adolescents spend far more time in the exclusive company of their peers than their counter parts did in the past. Changes in the family roles that forced women into paid jobs have greatly reduced the quality time families spend together thus making peer groups a viable alternative for the young individuals (Clark & Loheac, 2007). Peer groups appear to answer adolescents concerns about many things including their changing bodies. According to Schneider (2010) becoming a peer group member meets many adolescents concerns about social expectations such as developing independence from their parents, learning decision-making skills and acting on their own. However, these young teenagers find social expectations confusing and the ways of achieving them even more challenging. Peer influence on adolescents has been reported as being shrouded in myths and fear by parents. Parents perceive peer influence as a clog in the wheel of socializing their children desirably (Schneider, 2010).

According to You (2011) perceived support from peers gives adolescent students a sense of motivation which enables them to see the importance of pursuing academic success This is because adolescents who are accepted by their peers are more likely to be psychologically healthier and self-confident than those rejected by their peers (Allen et al., 2005). However, Kiran-Esen (2012) reported significantly negative relationship between peer pressure and self-efficacy expectation (social and moral) in adolescents and that academic self-efficacy was higher in adolescents who were experiencing low level of peer pressure. As such, this study seeks to investigate how peer pressure influences adolescents’ social behavior in secondary school students.

1.1     Background of the Study

Copy from your work.


1.2     Statement of Research Problem

Copy from your work.


1.3     Objectives of the Study

Copy from your work.


1.4     Significance of the Study

          The outcome of this research work will be of beneficial help to adolescents among the secondary schools and beyond as it will highlight the core reasons to adolescents behavioral problems among groups in secondary schools, and how to reduce the extent at which group pressure influence adolescents behavior. The analysis and hypothesis, will tell if group pressure influence adolescents behavioral status negatively or positively.

Education policy makers, in the Ministry of Education and Sports, school administrators and members of boards of governors could use the findings of this study to make guidelines and policies to help students to be more responsible and successful in school by setting rules and guidelines prohibiting the use of alcohol in school premises.

The research will also be beneficial to the researcher. This is because the study will expose the researcher to so many related areas in the course of carrying out his research. This will enhance the researcher’s experience, knowledge and understanding on group pressure and its influence on adolescents.

1.5     Research Question

For the course of this research work, some basic research question was formulated, for the easy assessment and understanding of this research work. Question formulated are;

1                    To what extent does peer group pressure correlate with adolescent's behavioral problems

2                    To assess the extent of influence of peer group pressure on adolescent's behavioral problems in Nigeria secondary schools

3                    To examine whether peer pressure will influence the gender of the adolescent I.e. whether age will be an influential factor

4                    Is there any gender difference in the extent of peer group influence on adolescent's behavioral problems?

1.6     Research Hypothesis

Two research hypothesis will be used in this study, the hypothesis will be tested using 0.5 degree of significance. Research hypothesis are:

H-Null - There is significant influence of group pressure on behavioral problems of the adolescents.

H-Alt - There is no significant influence of group pressure on behavioral problems of the adolescents.

H-Null - There is significant difference to the extent of peer group influence on adolescent's behavioral problems in gender (male and female).

H-Alt - There is no significant difference to the extent of peer group influence on adolescent's behavioral problems in gender (male and female).

H-Null - There is significant difference between peer pressure and examination malpractice.

H-Alt - There is no significant difference between peer pressure and examination malpractice

H-Null - There is significant relationship between peer group pressure on adolescent’s behavioral problems and sexual risk behavior.

H-Alt – There is no significant difference between peer group pressure on adolescent’s behavioral problems and sexual risk behavior.

1.7     Limitation of the study

          During the course of performing/researching this project work, the researcher encountered a lot of challenges as well as opposition which ranges from financial constraints, time factor, sourcing of material etc. this factors in their own ways, slowed down the speedy progress of this work that resulted to the researcher not being able to finish the research work on time as is required

1.8     Definition of terms

Adolescents – young people between the ages of 10 and 19 years

Influence – The capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself.

Peer Pressure – When groups or pear try to influence how one act, to get one to do something out of his well due to the pears opium.


ADAMS, A. (2006). Developmental changes in conformity to peers and parents.

Developmental Psychology, 15 (6), 608-616.


MCELHANEY, K.B. (2005). The two faces of adolescents’ success with

peers: adolescents popularity, social adaptation and deviant behaviour.

Child Development 76 (3), 747-760.

ARNETT, J. (1992). Reckless behavior in adolescence: adaptive perspective.

Developmental Review 12 (4), 339-373.

CLARK, A.E. & LOHEAC, Y. (2007). “It wasn’t me, it was them!” social

influence in risky behavior by adolescents. Journal of Health Economics

26 (4), 763-784.

DE VRIES, H., BACKBIER, E., KOK, G. & DIJKSTRA, M. (1995). The impact

of social influences in the context of attitude, self-efficacy, intention and

previous behavior as predictors of smoking onset. Journal of Applied

Social Psychology 25 (3), 237-257.


Peer influence in children and adolescents: crossing the bridge from

development to intervention science. Journal of Abnormal Child

Psychology 33 (3), 225-265.




RESEARCHWAP.COM is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing