IMPACT OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT ON CAREER OPPORTUNITIES FOR OFFICE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT GRADUATES
The research work examined the impact of academic achievement on career opportunities for Office Technology and Management graduates. Four (4) research questions were structured to provide information on the research topic. The instrument used was questionnaire, structured to contain two sections, which the first provides respondents data and the second section contains items for respondents to provide their perceptions on the topic under review. The population includes seventy two (72) and thirty (30) sample sizes was selected among the population of Office Technology and Management Department, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Ede North and Ede South Local Government areas, Afri Bank, Skyle Bank, UBA Bank, First Bank and Fin Bank all in Osun State, as its case study. The library served as the secondary source of information for this study which include consultation of textbooks, journals, newspaper etc. The data collected was calculated using the mean rating method. Based on findings, the researcher concluded that academic achievement as better impact on career advancement prospect, on training opportunities, job mobility and earning power. Recommendations and suggestions for further researchers were also put forward by the researcher.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i
Table of content vi
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Statement of the problem 2
1.2 Purpose of the study 2
1.3 Significant of the study 2
1.4 Research questions 3
1.5 Scope of the study 3
1.6 Limitations of the study 3
2.1 Literature review 4
2.2 Introduction 5
2.3 Who is a secretary 6
2.4 The qualifications of a secretary 7
2.5 Qualities of a secretary 7
2.6 Duties of a secretary 8
2.7 What is academic achievement? 9
2.8 What is a career? 9
2.9 Career opportunities for office technology and management graduates 10
2.10 Categories of secretaries and their qualifications 10
3.0 Research methodology 11
3.1 Introduction 11
3.2 Population 11
3.3 Area of study 11
3.4 Instrumentation 11
3.5 Sampling techniques 12
3.6 Sample size 12
3.7 Research validation 12
3.8 Administration of instrument 12
3.9 Method of data analysis 12
3.10 Decision rule 13
4.0 Data presentation and analysis 14
4.1 Introduction 14
4.2 Presentation of table 14
5.0 Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation 17
5.1 Suggestions for further students 17
5.2 Summary of findings 17
5.3 Discussion of findings 17
5.4 Conclusion 17
5.5 Recommendations 18
5.5 Suggestion for further study 18
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Office technology and management is the art of acquiring the necessary skills needed to perform the duties of an office technologist/manager in any organization.
The office technologist/manager profession or career is remarkable for its appeal to both men and women; it provides a challenging job after graduation and few other profession offers to graduates so wide a variety of occupational areas in which to work.
Therefore, academic achievement of graduates of office technology and management are the grades and skills acquired at the end of tier academic pursuit in a particular institution. Example of these are Ordinary National Diploma (OND), Higher National Diploma (HND) with grades like Distinction, upper credit, Lower Credit e.t.c. and the skills are shorthand, typewriting, peoples communication skill, career development, information and communication technology with the introduction of M.S Word, Excel, Desktop publishing, Web page design, Entrepreneurship among others.
However, the term “career opportunity or opportunities” may be defined as activities faced or directed to goals beyond enjoyment of the activities itself. Career opportunities for office technologies/manager are employed virtually at every working setting,. The role of an office technologist are numerous and indispensable in any organization, all meetings, conferences, seminars and workshops which are attended by people from all walks of life cannot take off effectively without the secure of an office technologist. The technical improvement of the organization is also done by an office technologist.
Infact, the importance of office technologist in the economy of any nation cannot be over-emphasized. The office technologist can be seen as the influence of an organization.
Also, the duties of an office technologist is to read through any piece of work that is assigned to him/her and edit or correct for good hard copies presentations. Office technologist also has to improve the management and arrangement of his/her boss office, before work and father the days work. An office technologist does not need to need to rush/hurry out of office after closing hours, but should rather wait to make sure that everything is in their right order, that is why the profession is termed to be a necessary in the job market.
This project is carried out to know the impact of academic achievement on career opportunities for office technologist.
1.1 Statement of the Problem
Most often, organization employ managers without taking into serious consideration, their academic achievements.
Also, it is believed that low productivity of some organization could be as a result of poor performances of it employees (Office Managers) which also can be from a poor academic performance.
Furthermore, it is now a general trend that office technology and management graduates with higher academic achievement performs better in organization, then one with lesser achievements.
However, this study focuses on the finding out beyond reasonable doubts, the facts about the aforementioned problems.
1. Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this research work includes:
1. To highlight the impact of academic achievements on career advancement prospect.
2. To examine the impact of academic achievement on training opportunities.
3. To survey the impact of academic achievement on job mobility.
4. To analyze the impact of academic achievement on earning power.
5. Significance of the Study
This study will no doubt be considering the importance to the office technology and management graduates, organizations, future researchers and the general public.
The aim of this study therefore lies on the fact that many people do not know much about the profession and fail to realize that the role of an office technologist is supreme and indispensable.
The study is now carried out in order to acquaint the public on the qualification, duties, opportunities and the qualities of an office technologist and to also look at how essential is it for an office technology and management graduates to be employed.
1. Research Questions
1. What is the impact of academic achievement on career advancement prospect?
2. What is the impact of academic achievement on training opportunities?
3. What is the impact of academic achievement on job mobility?
4. What is the impact of academic achievement on earning power?
1. Scope of the Study
The study will cover only graduates of office technology and management studies that are working in Osun State.
1. Limitation of the Study
This research faced many difficulties during the collection of information and data that was used. The greatest limitations encountered in the course of this research work are lack of material, adequate time and finance. The time constraint and delay in distribution and collection of questionnaire caused problem to the researcher.
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDIES
5.1 Summary of Findings
The result of research questionnaire one shows a grand mean score of 4.34, which indicates the great impact on academic achievement on career prospects.
The result of research questionnaire two, shows the grand mean score of 4.46, which indicates the necessity of academic achievement impact on training opportunities.
Moreover, the result of research questionnaire three, shows the grand mean of 4.22, which indicates the strongness of academic achievement impact on job mobility.
Also, the result of research questionnaire four, shows the grand mean of 4.1, that indicates the effectiveness of academic achievement impact on earning power.
5.2 Discussion of Findings
Based on the positive grand mean score in table one of chapter four, it is clear that there is a great impact of academic achievement on career advancement prospects.
Table two of chapter four shows a positive grand mean score, which indicates of academic achievement’s impact on training opportunities.
Table three of chapter four shows a positive grand mean score, which shows the strong impact of academic achievement on job mobility.
Also table four of chapter four shows a positive grand mean score, which shows the effective impact of academic achievement on earning power.
Having considered the data presented and analyses of finding of the study, it could be vividly seen that there is a great and strong impact of academic achievement on career opportunities for office technology and management graduates. Therefore, office technology and management graduates should perform well, so to attain good academic grades for better career opportunities.
With the data analyzed and the conclusion is drawn, the following are therefore recommended.
Government should try to create more job opportunities for office technology and management graduates, so as to allow them to contribute mental and physically to the growth of the nation.
Parents and guardians should stop the act of making a career choice for their children, so as not to make it difficult for them in future.
Youth should also be mindful of the course they study in the institutions, to enable them to become effective and efficient citizens.
5.5 Suggestion for Further Study
Having successfully find out that there is a large and strong impact of academic achievement on career opportunities for office technology and management graduates, in both public and private organization in Osun State.
The researcher also suggests that future studies on this research topic, research should consider wider area apart from the researcher’s area of study..