PROBLEM OF PREGNANCY AND ABORTION ON GIRL-CHILD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA


CLICK HERE TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT »

PROBLEM OF PREGNANCY AND ABORTION ON GIRL-CHILD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA                                                           ABSTRACT:     The paper critically analyses problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in Nigeria. Impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education are being identified as a major problem that causes backwardness in a girl-child education. The study is aimed at finding out what brought about pregnancy and abortion and also know whether harsh economic situation contributes to the pregnancy and abortion in Numan Local Government.The major objectives of the paper are; to find out and look into the problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education performance that prevails in our secondary schools, to make his contribution and recommendation to our secondary schools in Numan Local Government, to determine the level of performance of our female students in our secondary schools in Numan Local Government) with a view and determination to prove to individual, the society and the nation concerned that, they are facing a serious problem that need every body’s efforts to bring about apparent difference and lasting solution. Concerning methodology, both secondary and primary sources of data was used for the study. A descriptive survey research design coupled with a multi-stage sampling technique was used with a sample size of 100 from the five (5) secondary schools in Numan Local Government Yola in Adamawa State. Data was analyzed and represented in frequency tables and percentages. Key findings from the study showed that broken homes cause the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education.     That peer group influence on female students result to impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. That moral laxity from parent causes the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. That act of forcing sexual intercourse cause the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. That lacks of parental responsibility toward female children cause the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. Two much of freedom given to female children causes the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. That pornographic material like nude films leads to the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. That financial factor does not contribute to the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. That effects of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education cause population prostitution. Traditional custom teaching of sex education can prevent the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education. Opportunity for improved economic, social status would go a long way to prevent the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education.This will make more efforts geared towards throwing more light on pregnancy and abortion which has become a national problem.               TABLE OF CONTENTSTitle Page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    iApproval Page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    iiDeclaration    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    iiiDedication    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    ivAcknowledgement    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    vAbstract    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    viTable of Contents    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    viiCHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION1.1    Background of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    1.2    Statement of General Problem    -    -    -    -    1.3    Objective of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -    1.4    Research Questions    -    -    -    -    -    -    1.5    Hypothesis    -    -    -    -    -    -           -    -        1.6    Significance of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    1.7    Scope of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -    1.8    Definition of Terms    -    -    -    -    -    -    CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE2.1    Conceptual framework    -    -    -    -    -    -    -2.2 Historical Background on Pregnancy and Abortion On Girl-Child Education In Our Secondary Schools-    -    -    -    -2.3 Impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary school-    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -        -2.4    Effort on how to eradicate the effect of pregnancy and abortion2.5    Parent and individual view on abortion-    -    -    -    -2.6 Doctors, lab scientists, view on abortion and precaution-    -2.7     Society’s view-    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -        -2.8 Reason for abortion-    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -Summary-    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -        -    -    -CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY3.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -3.2    Research Design    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -3.3    Area of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -3.4    Population of Study    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -3.5    Sample size and Sampling Techniques    -    -    -    -    -3.6    Instrument for Data Collection    -    -    -    -    -    -3.7    Validity of the Instrument    -    -    -    -    -    -    -3.8    Reliability of the Instrument    -    -    -    -    -    -3.9    Method of Data Collection    -    -    -    -    -    -    -3.10    Method of Data Analysis    -    -    -    -    -    -    -CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS4.0    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -4.1    Data Presentation and Analysis    -    -    -    -    -    -4.2    Characteristics of the Respondents    -    -    -    -    -4.3    Data Analysis    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -4.4    Summary of Findings    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -4.5    Discussion of Findings    -    -    -    -    -    -    -CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION5.0    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -5.1    Summary    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -5.2    Conclusion    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -5.3    Recommendations    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    References -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -Appendix    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -            CHAPTER ONE1.1    Introduction1.2    Statement of the problem1.3    Purpose of study1.4    Research question1.5    Research hypothesis1.6    Significance of study1.7    Delimitation 1.8  Delimitation of the study1.9 Definition of the study1.1   INTRODUCTION    Pregnancy is the common name for gestation in humans. It is the development of one or    more offspring, known as an embryo or fetus in the uterus (Wikipedia 2009). Pregnancy usually lasts for about nine (9) months in human beings. At this stage the embryo is developing offspring during the first 8 weeks following conception, and subsequently the term fetus is used until child birth. In many societies, medical or legal definitions of human pregnancy is somewhat arbitrarily divided  into three trimester periods of three months each as a means to simplify reference to the different stages of pre-natal development. The first trimester carries the highest risk of miscarriage (natural death of embryo or fetus). During the second trimester the development of the fetus can be more easily monitored and diagnosed. The third trimester is marked by further growth of the fetus and the development of fetal fat stores (Wikipedia 2009).            Abortion is the expulsion of the offspring in a state of development from the womb between one to seven months of pregnancy, which is giving birth before the right time. In most cases of abortion is referred to as miscarriage of birth. Abortion should be considered as a lifesaving situation due to illness. But however it is being practice at will due to societal changes and orientations. It is a situation where life is being tempered and it is becoming too dangerous and threatening to the life of the mother.        Abortion is also a form of removing pregnancy from the womb, either by taking pills (medical abortion) which involves taking medicines to cause miscarriage or by surgery (surgical abortion) where the pregnancy is removed from the womb. Most abortions can be provided on a daycare basis which means you do not need to stay at a clinic overnight. Every year almost 12,000 thousand teenage girls have abortion (Bpas 2009).                                                 Abortion consists of two types which are the PILLS and SURGICAL abortion. The pills abortion is used after 9 to 24 weeks of pregnancy which involves taking of medicines to cause the womb to contract and push out the pregnancy. Also from 22 weeks after which the pregnancy is push out and an injection to the womb is given. Such injections are given to ensure the homeostatic balance of the uterus. However a checkup visit to the clinic is also required. Surgical abortion is the dilation and evacuation of the fetus which takes up to 15 to 24 weeks of the pregnancy. In surgical abortion the doctors are required to remove the pregnancy using narrow forceps passed through the neck of the womb. This form of abortion is carried out under general anesthetic conditions (asleep). In surgical abortions, one can visit the clinic and return home the same day of abortion (for pregnancy up to 20 weeks) (Bpass 2009).     Abortion is obviously increasing and identified as a social problem in so many ways, it destabilizes the teenager’s educational career as a useful member of the society. She is out rightly stigmatized by the society and in the long run turns the girl into a prostitute. Another major incidence of pregnancy and abortion is the socio-cultural background of people within Numan Local Government. This is attributed to the orientation or beliefs which subjected the girl-child to early hawking at a very tender age of about nine or ten years. These inappropriate exposures make her vulnerable as well asthe deceitfulness of irresponsible young boys and old men, usually compromise with her innocence.     It is a common fact that the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools is spreading in our communities and this need to be eradicated or reduced in the Local Government. In other words to solve this problem the parents and teachers should mould their children to be better adults. The government should introduce sex education in our secondary schools and tertiary institutions,’ and introduce relevant academic curriculum in order to reduce the cases of unwanted pregnancy.1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM    Impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education are being identified as a major problem that causes backwardness in a girl-child education. The study is aimed at finding out what brought about pregnancy and abortion and also the researcher will try to know whether harsh economic situation contributes to the pregnancy and abortion in Numan Local Government.    The project is also on the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education among female students in Numan local government area of adamawa state, is an attempt to solve and provide answer to the following questions:1.    That female students terminate their education/unduly because of the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.2.    That there is inadequate parental care which leads to the rampant cases of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.        1.3    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY         The main purpose in embarking on this research work is to find out and look into the problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education performance that prevails in our secondary schools. The researcher will carry out this research work in order to make his contribution and recommendation to our secondary schools in Numan Local Government.    The researcher also chooses  this project to determine the level of performance of our female students in our secondary schools in Numan Local Government) with a view and determination to prove to individual, the society and the nation concerned that, they are facing a serious problem that need every body’s efforts to bring about apparent difference and lasting solution. 1.4    RESEARCH QUESTIONS    To have a thorough understanding of the impact of pregnancy and abortion in our secondary schools in Numan Local Government Area and the strategies put in place. This project will attempt to answer to the following: ⦁    Is improper training of female children cause pregnancy and abortion?⦁    Do you learn sex education in your schools or at home? ⦁    Do you know any student that has experience pregnancy and abortion?⦁    What is responsible for pregnancy and abortion in your school?⦁    Who is to be blamed for pregnancy and abortion in your school?⦁    Will pregnancy affect your education?⦁    Is poor living condition of the family lead to pregnancy and abortion in your school?⦁    Is pregnancy and abortion a global issue nowadays?⦁    Is environmental influence causes pregnancy and abortion in your school?1.5    HYPOTHESES             In this research project, the following hypotheses are subsequently stated to enable the researcher arrives at the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools in Numan Local Government Area.  ⦁    Socio-economic status of the girl-child and to meet up with the social changes in the society may significantly affect secondary schools girls.⦁    Impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl- child education in our secondary schools occurs due to parental failure to discharge their parental duties adequately.⦁    The administrators of the schools cannot cope with their responsibilities that brought about of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.   ⦁    In many schools sex education is not taught at all.⦁    Societal influence has acted as one of the problem that brings about pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our society.⦁    The impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education is a general problem not only in our secondary schools, but a general problem in the society. 1.6    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY         It is assumed that what has been provided in our post primary schools must have to be tested to increase educational research, theories and practices. Sometimes partial solutions of it is assured that the researcher embark on finding more facts about the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools. The researcher will also make more efforts geared towards throwing more light on pregnancy and abortion which has become a national problem.    Many of the parents, schools administrators and the public at large have expressed doubts and dissatisfaction of the problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools and to look into the causes and prevention for its future occurrences.                Bearing in mind that secondary schools children could be in their early or late adolescent stage of development, teachers and parents should guide them properly especially on sex education. Part of the problem could be solved by emphasing on moral and religious education into our educational system. 1.7    SCOPE OF THE STUDYThe study centers on the Problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in Nigeria in Numan Local Government Area in Adamawa State.1.8  DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY         The research will be based on particular reference to our secondary schools in Numan Local Government Area of Adamawa State. The researcher’s view is intended to look into the issue of sexual violence against teenagers to prove the evidence on the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools. The incidence will determine to show the consequences of sexual violence in our secondary schools.         Also more comprehensive work is expected on this project work due to the unwillingness, failure and uncooperative attitude of some of schools administrators in some schools visited, to produce substantial and effective records in order to understand the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.           The researcher however restricted his studies to only five mix (female and male) secondary schools within Numan Local Government area and they include the following:⦁    Government Day Secondary School Villanova ⦁    Government Day Secondary School tare  ⦁    Vocational Technical College Numan⦁    Bright future secondary school Numan⦁    Government day secondary school Imburu/Numan1.9 DEFINITION OF THE STUDYAbortion: the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks.Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body.

.

PROBLEM OF PREGNANCY AND ABORTION ON GIRL-CHILD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA


CLICK HERE TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT »


TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.