This research study was conducted to investigate the influence of under nutrition and health of children 0-5 years in cottage Hospital Akai Ubium, Nsit Ubium Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State in 2014. The objectives of the study were to determine the causes of under nutrition among children aged 0-5 years, to determine the effect of under nutrition on the health of children ages 0-5 years and to determine and identify the preventives measures of under nutrition among children 0-5 years. Current and related literature were reviewed and facts obtained based on the specific objectives and research question. Descriptive survey design was used in carrying out the study. Sample size for the study was 100 mothers and the sampling technique was simple random sampling technique. The instrument for data collection was a 20 item structured questionnaire divided into four sections: A, B, C, D all in close ended questions. Validity and reliability of instrument were properly tested and posed accurate for the study. Data collected from the respondent were analysed using percentage, and frequency table. Findings from the study reveal that 90% of children are under nourished due to factors like poverty, disease infections inadequate breast feeding, method and poor maternal nutritional status. It was therefore concluded that provision of dietary supplement to breastfeeding mothers, health education of exclusive breastfeeding to mothers, provision of health can services such as immunization and adequate food supply.

The researcher therefore recommended that breastfeeding mothers should be provided with dietary supplements, mothers should be given health education on important of exclusive breastfeeding and proper weaning method, provision of health services such as immunization and deforming drugs, government should establish nutritional surveillance to check children at risk for under nutrition, government should ensure that every child should have equal opportunity to access nutritious food and government agencies such as NAFDAC should ensure that food manufactures are highly screened and registered and food produced are safe and adequately balance for consumption.



1.1 Background of the Study

World Health Organization (WHO), (2006) stated that under nutrition is a medical condition arising from consumption of unbalance diet less than body requirement needed to perform its normal functions to maintain optimum health. Under nutrition among children 0-5 years is the greatest single health threat to the world’s public health and it continues to be a significant problem all over the world especially among children in developing countries. It causes about 56% of children mortality rate each year. WHO 2006.

World Nation Food (2008) postulated that the earliest phases of life, that is from conception to the first five years of life are critical periods in which provision of essential and adequate nutrients including vitamins and mineral are very vital since these periods of life are the “window perished of opportunity” to prevent under nutrition that causes largely irreversible damage to physical, mental and developmental well being of children. Under nutrition in children is increasingly recognized as a prevalent and important health condition in many developing countries. An influence of childhood under nutrition has serious damaging consequences on the child and adversely influences the child development and mental ability (Horgan, 2010).

Petes (2009) opined that under nutrition adversely affect the growth of children and there health. Under-Nourished children are usually expected as attain worse, their mental capacities and learning skills are very much reduced.

Visvanathan, (2011) postulated that under nutrition has shown to be an important concern in women, children and elderly but among these high risk group, the most risked for under nutrition are children and some to the fact that their nutritional level are directly tied to the nutritional levels of the mothers during pregnancy and breastfeeding with high level of under-nutrition persisting in the developing world among children 0-5 years virtual opportunities to save million of life are being lost and many more children are not growing and thriving to their full potentials (Black, 2011). Childhood under-nutrition according to Grover (2009) is found to be the most important and alarming cause of illness and death affecting large population of children world wide influence of childhood under-nutrition among children 0-5 years causes mortality of 300,000 and over 630,000 mortality in children each year and increases risk of infection with diarrhea, measles, malaria and respiratory tract infection. Influence of under-nutrition among children 0-5 years leads to reduce or poor physical and mental development, failure to thrive, increase susceptibility to infection, under weight and affects more than 147 million pre scholars in developing countries (standing committee on nutrition, 2005). Under-nourished children have lower resistances to infection and are more likely to die from common childhood diseaseslike diarrhea, and respiratory infection. Frequent illness saps the nutritional status of those who survive, predisposing them into a vicious cycle of recurring sickness and flattering growth. (Kenneth 2008).

The study therefore intends to access the influence of under-nutrition among children 0-5 years in Akai, Ubium, Akwa Ibom State.

1.2Statement of Problem

During the researcher course of vaccinating children at cottage hospital Akai, Ubium, in Nsit Ubium Local Government Area, it was observe that majority of children were under-nourished as their anthropometric measurement indicated red on the Shikir tape. As such it was considered by the researcher a significant presented health problem that should be tackled because of it’s negative impact and by the fact that children are great leaders of tomorrow if they are not prevented from under-nutrition it will prevent them from being leaders of tomorrow and the hope of tomorrows leader will be markedly compromised with under-nutrition.

Several efforts were made by government, WHO United Nations International Children Education Fund (UNICEF), Action Against Hunger (AAH) and other health care agencies to prevent underNutrition among children 0-5 years globally (standing committee on nutrition 2005). Such effort made by WHO was integrating adequate water, food supply, maternal and child health including family planning and immunization against infectious disease as part of her component of

Primary health care all in an effort to prevent childhood under-nutrition. UNICEF and AAFI tried to tackle the problem through setting of Nutritional surveillance to monitor lay of growth in children health education to public on prevention of childhood under-nutrition and provisions of free health care services to pregnant and breastfeeding mothers and children under the age of 5 years.

Despite all the effort, it still proved aborted till date to eradicate childhood under-nutrition especially in developing countries. This study therefore is to access to influence of under-nutrition among children 0-5 years in Akai, Ubium, Akwa Thom Stite.

1.3 Purpose/Aim of the Study

This study sought to investigate under-nutrition and health of children aged 0-5 years in cottage hospital Akai, Ubium, Akwa Ibom State.

1.4Specific Objectives of the Study

To determine the causes of under-nutrition among children aged 0-5 years in cottage hospital Akai Ubium, Akwa Ibom State.

To determine the effect of under-nutrition on the health of children 0-5 years in cottage hospital Akai Ubiurn, Akwa Ibom State.

To determine the preventive measures of under-nutrition among children 0-5 years in cottage hospital Akai Ubium Akwa Ibom State.

1.5Research Question

The following research question have been formulated to guide the study.

(i) What are the causes of under-nutrition among children aged 0-5 years in cottage hospital Akai Ubium, Akwa Ibom State?

(ii) How does under-nutrition affects the health of children 0-5 years in cottage hospital Akai Ubium, Akwa Ibom State.

(iii) What are the ways of preventing under-nutrition among children 0-5 years in cottage hospital Akai Ubium, Akwa Ibom State.

1.6Scope of the Study

The scope of the study is limited to children 0-5 years in cottage hospital, Akai Ubium, Akwa Iborn State.

1.7Significance of the Study

The study is conducted to investigate the causes of childhood under-nutrition to determine the relationship of under-nutrition or health of children and to identify various strategies of preventing childhood under-nutrition in children 0-5 years in cottage hospital Akai Ubium, Akwa Ibom State.To the researcher, the study will advance the researcher knowledge on the causes of childhood under-nutrition on the health of children 0-5 years and the various ways of preventing childhood under nutrition.To nursing profession, it will impact new knowledge on the causes of childhood under-nutrition and how to eradicated them, it will also provide nursing profession indepth knowledge on how to relate child hood under-nutrition to the health of children, it w ill also enrich nursing profession on the various strategies of preventing childhood under-nutrition and also improving their knowledge on educating the masses on how childhood under-nutrition can be prevented.To the society, it will help to raise healthy and responsible children, it will also reduce mortality and morbidity among children 0-5 years in the society. Finally, the findings will add to the existing literature on childhood under-nutrition.

1.8Limitation of the Study

Limitation encountered during the study was hoarding of information by the respondent.

1.9 Operational Definitions of Term

Malnutrition: This is a condition in which there is improper balance between what an individual exists and what he requires to maintain health.

Under-nutrition: This is a condition where an individual takes in undernourished food.

Health: Is a state whereby an individual is free from disease.




Researchwap.com is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.com guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.