THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN THE CRUSADE AGAINST GLOBAL TERRORISM (KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC AS A CASE OF STUDY).


THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN THE CRUSADE AGAINST GLOBAL TERRORISM (KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC AS A CASE OF STUDY).  

 TABLE OF   CONTENTS

Cover

Title 

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Table of Contents

List(s) of Tables (and illustrations) 

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction  

1.1 Background to the Study

1.2 Objectives of the Study

1.3 Research Questions

1.4 Significance of the Study

1.5 Scope of the Study

1.6 Operational Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

Theoretical Frame work and Literature Review

2.1 Theoretical Framework

2.2 Conceptual Frameworks

2.3 Research Study Review 

CHPATER THREE

Research Design 

3.1 Research Methodology

3.2 Population of the Study

3.3 Sample size and Sampling Techniques

3.4 Instrumentation 

3.5 Validity and Reliability of the Instrument  

3.6 Method of Administration of Instrument 

3.7 Method of Data Analysis  

CHAPTER FOUR

Data Analysis and Results 

4.1 Analysis of Field Performance of the Instrument  

4.2 Analysis of the Demographic Segment of the instrument

4.3 Analysis of Data on the Research Questions

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations 

5.1 Summary

5.2 Limitation of the Study

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendations

References

Appendix 

 LIST OF TABLES

4.2.1 Distribution of Respondent by sex -------------------PG 45

4.2.2 Distribution of Respondent by age -------------------PG 46

4.2.3 Distribution of Respondent by Academic Qualification ---------------------------------------------------------------PG 47

4.2.4 Distribution of Respondent by Religion -------------PG 48

4.3.1 Have you ever watch or listen to any report on terrorist attack? ---------------------------------------------------PG 49

4.3.2 Have the report on terrorist attack influence you positively or negatively? -------------------------------PG 50

4.3.3 Does reportage about terrorist activities encourage some people to indulge in the act? --------------------------PG 52

4.3.4 How effective is the media crusade against global terrorist? -------------------------------------------------PG 53

4.3.5 Has the media crusade against terrorism reduce or increase the attacks of terrorists? -------------------PG 55

4.3.6 Do you think the media are playing their role in the crusade against global terrorism? --------------------PG 56

4.3.7 Do you watch or listen to reports about terrorism? -------------------------------------------------------------------PG 58

4.3.8 How can you rate the extent to which the media report terrorism? -----------------------------------------------PG 58

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

One of the major functions of the mass media is the provision of adequate information about ongoings or current events in the society as a way of serving the public what they need to know.

The news media in particular serve this basic human needs by providing information on WHO? , WHAT? , WHY? , WHERE? And HOW?, Relaying to the public. It is possible to argue that there is no particular time the public is more in need of information from the media than when the safety or even the survival of the public is threatened. In other words, the public is in greater need of more extensive information during a current danger in order to reduce uncertainty about the danger(Schlesinger, et al 1983:14) No wonder that the news media, particularly the broadcast media, become a relaying point of the public when terrorists strike.  

Nevertheless, reporting on terrorism presents a number of “dilemma” and “paradoxes” to journalists whose responsibility is to inform the public “Objectively”; fairly” and “Accurately.

It is however, a dilemma to them because one of the main objectives of terrorist act is to maximize publicity in order to create a “psychological” effect on the public. This leads to some questions concerning the role of the media in reporting terrorism. For example, is the MEDIA acting as an accomplice to the aims of the terrorists by craving cheap publicity for them? Is the media not magnifying the threat and fear in the way they report terrorism instead of allaying the fear? Is the media reports of terrorism encouraging more of such acts as terrorists may be more emboldened by the massive publicity they gain for their terror and intensify the acts of terrorism? Are the media really objective and accurate in the way they report terrorism in their narrative and framing of the terrorist? How best should the media report incidents of terrorist violence? These are the complex questions that this article tries to put into perspective with the aim of providing a personal view point on how the media has been reporting terrorism. The aim of this article is not to provide absolute answers to the questions because I think there are no perfect answers or consensus on the complex issue of how the media reporter should report on terrorism. Rather, it simply argues that any form of political violence that goes unreported or not reported sensationally; it also argues that the simplification of terrorist acts without recourse to historical details and motives of the terrorist by the media has not been helpful in reducing acts of terrorism. If the media go beyond the rhetoric of the official perspective and stop labeling terrorists and defining their acts as evil against good and instead provide a deeper analysis of what motives such acts carry, the media would have gone a long way to resolve the “MENACE” that has deeply taken root in the fabric of our national and international relationship.

It should be noted that the history of terrorism is as old as man dealing with humans willingness to use violence to affect politics. However, global terrorism became a prominent issue in the late 1960’s when hijacking became a favored tactic.

As the basis of my argument in this study, I first attempt to illuminate the “interdependent” nature of relationship between the media and terrorist which should help expose or explain the convention and narratives which have led to terrorism and how the people of the world have been able to benefit from the information of the media. As I discuss these issues, I will draw on pertinent theories of mass communication ranging from those that explain various effects of mass media. 

1.1 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the Objectives of this study:

⦁ To enlighten the public and see how the media has influence the attacks of terrorist.

⦁ To see if the media have a positive or negative influence on the people.

⦁ To see if the media are publicizing the terrorist for their own interest, that is getting the attention of more viewers.

⦁ To examine the cause and effect of global terrorism on the people, government and the economy.

⦁ To see how the media has also assisted the government in fighting global terrorism.

1.2 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

For the purpose of this study, the following research questions will be considered

⦁ Is the media not magnifying the threat and fear of the people in the way they report terrorism?

⦁ What are the effects of media crusade against terrorism?

⦁ What roles should the media play in fighting against global terrorism?

⦁ To what extent do media report terrorism?

1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study is to inform the people on how to help the media in fighting terrorism by giving information to the police and other organizations that fight against terrorism.

This study also explains how the media had contributed in the fight against terrorism.

It also proffers solutions and advice to the media on how to improve in their reportage of terrorism.

1.4 SCOPE OF STUDY

This research work will be based on questionnaire that will be distributed among students.

This research has succeeded in asking 100 students about the ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN THE CRUSADE AGAINST GLOBAL TERRORISM.

Kwara State Polytechnic is our case of study and the responses of the students will be gathered after the first semester examination of the 2012/2013 academic session.

1.5 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS

⦁ MEDIA: This also can be referred to as a medium or a channel in which information is being passed to the audience, usually in mass communication.

⦁ TERRORIST: A group of people or persons that causes terror, violence, fear, nuisance, intimidation etc in a particular place.

⦁ NEWS: this can be referred to as fresh information a recent happening that is worth reporting.

⦁ VIOLENCE : this is causing unrest in the society or any where, using great force to attack people, causing chaos etc

.

THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN THE CRUSADE AGAINST GLOBAL TERRORISM (KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC AS A CASE OF STUDY).



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