Before looking at  the  meaning  of  Customary  Law.  Let’s know  what  custom  means.  In  the  case  of  OKONKWO  V  LUCKY  OKAGBUE  ORS 1the  court  defines  “Custom”  as  follows,

        “A  particular  way  of  behavior  which  because  it  has  long  been  established   among  members  of  a  social  group  or  tribe,  can  develop  and  acquire  the  force  of  law,  it  be  approved  by  consent  of  those  who  follows  it”.

From  the  above  dictum  of  the  presiding  Judge,  it  can  be  seen  that  custom  has  been  in  existence  from  time  immemorial,  here  it  means  “a  long  time  ago”.  A  custom  is  also  a  tradition,  a  way  of  behavior  of  the  people.  Human  conduct  is  governed  daily  by  certain  custom  which  the  people  recognized  and  accepted  by  themselves.

        A  custom  is  not  necessary  customary  law  until  requirement  are  made.  For  a  custom  to  become  a  customary law,  it  must  have  the  force  of  law.  In  other  words,  it  must  bind  on  the  people  which  it  is  applied.  It must  have  a  force  of  law.  It  should  be  noted  and  I  believe  that  all  customary  law  advocate  will  agree  with  me  also  that  the  existence  and  long  life  of  custom  is  the  strength  of  acceptance  by  the  local  populace,as was in the case of  Eshugbayi  Eleko  v.  Govt Of  Nigeria2  furthermore,  customs  also  refers  


(1994) 9 NWLR pt 368 30 1, at pg 345, shabu Aku v us man amaka (1991) 8 NWLR (pt 209) 280

at pp. 292, 294.

(1931) Ac 662 At 673.

The  practice  or  usage  “Which  by  common  adoption  and  unvarying  habit  has  become  compulsory  and  has  acquired  the  force  of  law  with  respect  to  the  place  or  subject  matter  which  it  relates” 3 .

Now  that  we  have  already  known  what  custom  is,  I  will  like  us  to  go  further  by  explaining  what  customary  law  is.

The  supreme  court  in  the  case  of  Kharie  Zaidan  Fatima  Khalil  Mohssen4Define  customary  law  as  follows:-

        “It  is  a  system  of  law  not  being  the  common  law  (England),  and  not  being  a  law  enacted  by  a  competent  legislature  and  binding  within  Nigeria  as  between  the  parties  subject  to  it  sway”.

According  to  Obaseki  J.S.C5a  customary  law  is  the  organic  or  living  law  of  the  indigenous   people  of  Nigeria  regulating   their  lives  and  transaction. It is  organic  in  that  it  is  not  static.  It  is  regulatory  in  that  it  controls  the  lives  and  transaction  of  the  community  subject  to  it.  Custom  is  a  mirror  of  the  culture  of  the  people  and  it  imports  justice  to  the  lives  of  all  those  subject  to  it  that  is  why  it  is  referred  to  as  “A  mirror  of  accepted  usage”.

Section 2  of   the  customary  court  of  appeal  law  of  the  old   Plateau   State 5bdefines   customary   law   as   the  rules  of  conduct  which  governs  legal  relationship  as  established  by  custom  and  usage.  In


Blacks Law Dictionary 5th Edu, p. 3 47, Yinka folawiy & son ltd  Y.A  Hammond project ltd 4

FRCR (1978) 26.

 1973 1 All NLR 86 at lot. Bilewu Oyewumi v.  Amos Awaoda Ogusesan  (1990)  N W L R. Laws of the old Plateau State  Appeal  Court.

lewis  v.  Bankole  (1908)  I NLR 81  at 1006 customary  law  has  been  stated  to be  the  unwritten  customary  law  recognized  as  law  by  the  members  of  an  ethnic  group.  If  these  definitions  are  anything  to  go  by,  Muslim  law  cannot  be  customary  law.  It  is  a  fact  that  Muslim  law  is  written  in  the  Holy  Koran.  It  is  only  by  virtue  of  some specific  provision  in  a  law  such  as  section  2  of   the  high  court  law  cap.49,  law  Northern Nigeria  19637which  provides  that  native  law  and  custom  include  Muslim  law  that  Muslim  law  is  regarded  as  a  native  law  and  custom.




RESEARCHWAP.COM is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing