This research work was a survey research, it was designed to study the adolescent attitude towards sex education in the senior secondary schools in Owan West Local Government Area of Edo State.  In carrying out the research, five research questions were raised to study the adolescent attitude towards sex education.  A sample of one hundred (100) students was randomly selected.  Twenty (20) students each from the selected public senior secondary schools were used.  For effective data collection, questionnaires were designed using strongly agree, agree, strongly disagree, disagree.  The data collected were critically analyzed and used to test the research questions propounded, simple percentages were the statistical method adopted in the analysis of data.  During the findings, it was discovered that adolescent faces sex-related problems because of lack of sex education.  Based on the findings, it is recommended that education about the dangers of sex should be provided by parents, teachers, and religious leaders.


Title Page                                                                                     






Background to the Study                                                             

Statement of the Problem                                                           

Purpose of the Study                                                                     

Research Questions                                                                       

Scope of the Study                                                                       

Definition of Terms        


The Concept of Attitude                                                               

Attitude Formation                                                                        

Attitude Change                                                                               

Sex Education                                                                                    

Attitude and Sex Education                                                          

The attitude of Secondary School Learners towards Sex

Education in relation to Information given by Parents,

Teachers, Peers, and other Media                                                

Influence of gender, age, and grades on Attitudes

towards sex Education                                                                              


Research Design                                                                           

The population of the Study                                                                 

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                


Validity of the Study                                                                        

Reliability of the Study                                                                               

Administration of Questionnaire                                                   

Method of Data Analysis 


Analysis of Data and Discussion of Findings                             










Background to the Study

    The Nigerian society today has to grapple with many behavioral problems of its youth.  Such problems include truancy, disobedience, drug offenses, assault, insult, stealing, violence, demonstration, vandalism, examination malpractices, robbery, and secret cult activities (Nnachi, 2003).  Apart from these widely publicized behavioral problems, heterosexual activities are also listed among the types of behavioral problems prevalent in Nigeria secondary schools.  These are variously named in the literature as sex abuse, sex offenses, sexual misconduct, sexual immorality, sexual promiscuity, and sexual maladjustment (Odoemelam, 1996; Adedipe, 2000; Ndu, 2000; Nnachi, 2003).

    The end of the nineteenth century and the early part of the twentieth century represented an important period in the invention of the concept we now call adolescence.  Adolescence can be described as the period between the later stage of childhood and the early stage of adulthood (Health Foundation of Ghana, 2004).  The World Health Organization (WHO) suggested adolescence be the period between the ages of 10 and 19 or the second decade of life.  Adolescence, therefore, refers to boys and girls who fall within this stage or period.

    Sex education simply refers to the systematic attempt to promote health awareness in the individual on matters of his or sound development, functioning, behavior, and attitude through direct teaching.  Sex is a topic, which most people would not like to talk about.  The Nigerian parents’ attitude to sex is that the child will grow to know.  In the home, when the child is present and parents are discussing issues about sex, even the adolescent child is kept away from sight.  An inquisitive child who ventures to ask questions about sex is morally branded “a bad” child.  Many societies and homes consider discussion of sexual issues as taboo.  In view of this, most parents find it too difficult, awkward, and uncomfortable to discuss sex-related issues with their children.  Children are condemned when they mention a word referring to some sexual organ or act.  Even the hands of babies are hit whenever they fondle their sex organs.  Due to this, throughout adolescence, the youth in the country learn about sex and sexuality in a variety of ways devoid, in most cases of factual and empirical information and in secrecy.

    The child comes to know about sex possibly from an early age through relatives, friends, the elderly, movies, and drawing.  A 14-year-old boy was asked where he learned about sex, he responded “in the streets’.  Asked if this was the only place, he said, “well, I learned some from playboy and other sex magazines”.  What about the school, he was asked?  He responded, “No, they talk about hygiene, but not much that could help you out”.  When asked about his parents’ contribution, he replied, “They haven’t told me one thing” (Powers and Baskin, 1969).

    In a similar survey contained in the Population Report (1995), seventy-five percent of the students sampled preferred to discuss bodily changes that occur during adolescence with peers of the same sex, none of them wanted it to be with their parents.  As a result of a cultural taboo, adolescents in many developing countries rarely discuss sexual matters explicitly with their parents.  Most information for their patchy knowledge often comes from peers of the same sex, who may themselves be uninformed or incorrectly informed.  The end result to know about one’s sexual development, hence experimentation to explore one’s sexual life.

    The issue of introducing sex education has been a tropical and controversial one with two schools of thought emerging.  This scholarly tug of war has engaged the attention of policymakers and government the world over, religious organizations, parents, and even children.  Many are those who have called for its introduction due to the apparent havoc that irresponsible and unplanned sexual behavior brings.

    As a child reaches the adolescence stage, the interest in the opposite sex generates.  This instinct – (sex drive) which has been present with the adolescent since childhood pushes him or her to ‘pet’, kiss, and manipulate the sex organ, etc.  Curiosity and experimentation of sex, which sometimes leads to teenage pregnancy and or contraction of STD (sexually transmitted diseases) are prevalent at this adolescent stage.

Statement of the Problem

    A lot of sex-related problems facing the youth of today are undoubtedly linked with a lack of sex education.  It is apt to point out that even though these (matters about sex) impinge generally on men, the vulnerable group is the youth, many of whom are not knowledgeable in matters concerning sex.  In their bid to satisfy their curiosity, many a youth would like to experiment with these things and inexperience usually lead them to dangerous consequences.   Many a time, the adolescent receive wrong information and these myths and misconception are carried throughout their lifetime.  Therefore, there is a need to provide adolescents with information so as to enable them to cope better with these changes (Sathe, 1992).

    The fact is that with or without these services, the tendency towards precocious sexual relations, pregnancy in adolescence, and the alarming increase in the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in these age groups, are commonplace and universal realities.  It is necessary that the adolescent is made aware of these bodily changes through education before they occur so that they can adequately prepare themselves before the asset of puberty, and also help them engage in other activities rather than sexual manipulation.  The study, therefore, sought to explore the adolescents’ opinions on various sexual issues that account for their sexual development and to establish the need for sex education in senior high schools in some selected schools in the Owan West Local Government Area of Edo State.

Purpose of the Study

    The purpose of this study is to:

⦁    Determine the nature of the adolescent thoughts and feelings towards sex education.

⦁    To find out the nature of adolescents' thoughts and feelings towards sex education in relation to the information given by parents, teachers, and other media.

⦁    To determine the extent to which gender, age grade, and residence influence learners ’ thought and feeling towards sex education.

Research Questions

    The study sets out to examine or unravel the following research questions:

1.    What is the nature of adolescents’ thoughts and feelings towards sex education?

2.    What is the nature of adolescents’ thoughts and feelings towards sex education in relation to the information given by parents, teachers, peers, and other media?

3.    How do the following variables influence the thoughts and feelings of adolescents towards sex education:

⦁    Age

⦁    Resident

4.    To what extent do students favor the teaching of sex education in schools?

5.    In what ways can sex education be effectively promoted among adolescents in schools?

Scope of the Study

    In any study, the scope is the area in which the research work is focused on or going to be carried out as a center for the study.

    The smaller the scope, the more manageable the study will be in terms of available resources, time, energy, and intellectual materials.

    The scope of this study is some selected secondary schools in Owan West Local Government Area of Edo State.  Reasons being that:

1.    Money and time constrain which would not enable the researcher to travel very far and wide for gathering information in respect of the project topic, hence the scope in Owan West.

2.    The researcher hails from Owan West Local Government Area of Edo State and as a result, it will be easier for her to gather information because she is familiar with most of the children within the locality sampled.

Definition of Terms

    The study deals with adolescent attitudes towards sex education.  There are three concepts involved in this study that need to be unpacked, namely; attitudes, adolescents, and sex education.

    Attitude is a disposition to respond favorably or unfavorably.  In other words, attitudes are the thoughts and feelings that encourage someone to act as if he/she likes or dislikes something.  According to Coom (1996), an attitude is a learned predisposition to respond to people, objects, or institutions in a positive or negative way.

    Adolescence can be described as the period between the later stage of childhood and the early stage of adulthood (Health Foundation of Ghana, 2004).

    Adolescent, therefore, refers to boys and girls who fall within this stage or period, between the ages of 10 and 17 or the second decade of life.

    Sex education is an openness, about sex in a society where teachers at schools, parents at home, and the department of education have to listen to communication and provide knowledge about sex education to the adolescents.  Sex education simply refers to the systematic attempt to promote health awareness in the individual on matters of his or her sexual development, functioning behavior, and attitudes through direct teaching.




Researchwap.com is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.com guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.