QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF PALM OIL AVAILABLE IN MAJOR MARKETS IN NIGERIA.


QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF PALM OIL AVAILABLE IN MAJOR MARKETS IN NIGERIA.

Chapter One 1.1 Background to the Study  

The tropical rain forests of West Africa and Central Africa are endowed with abundant high value indigenous fruits and medicinal tree species. Many households heavily depend on these resources for their fruits, medicinal, food, constrictions needs and for their livelihoods and income (Smith et al., 1983). The oil palms (Elaesis) comprises two species of the Aracaceae family. They are used in commercial agriculture in the production of palmoil. The African palmoil (Elaesis guineensis) is native to West Africa, while American oil palm (Elaesis oleifera) is native to tropical central America and South America. E. Guineesis is pinnate leaved having dense clusters of crowded flowers and bright red fruit that yield high quality palmoil.

The importance of quality palmoil in our duet cannot be overemphasized. It is theain vegetable oil consumed.end in the world today, accounting for 33% of all oils consumed globally, closely followed by soya oil with 31% (ICEX, 2014). In the previous decade, world palm oil consumption has more than doubled from around16.7 million tonnes in 1997/98 to over 40million tonnes in 2007/8 and this figure is estimated to surpass 70million tonnes by 2020 (Grape vine, 2008). Palmoil is very nutritious. They are useful fore bone, joint and skin health. Not only is palmoil a rare source of medium chain fatty acids, it is also a source of healthy unsaturated fats. It is a well balanced fat, with 39% Oleic acid (Omega 9) and 10% lonioleic acid (Omega 6). These essential fatty acids help to lower blood cholesterol levels in the body. It is the richest vegetable oil source of tocotrienols which are potent forms of Vitamin E. Vitamin E strengthens the immune system and protect skin cells from toxin and UV radiation. From its reddish orange hue, palmoil is also a good source beta carotene, a nutrient found in sweet potatoes, carrots and other orange foods. Ugwu et al (200) reported that palmoil contains fat soluble carotenoids which are responsible for its high vitamin A content. Beta carotene is useful as a precursor to Vitamin A in the body. It is a powerful antioxidant and act to reduce the risk of certain cancer and heart diseases ( Tanumiharjo,2002; Bendish and Olson, 1989).

The high nutritional value especially its high oil content greatly predisposes it to deterioration. The quality of palm fruits, processing techniques, handling and storage are critical points to be considered in the production of quality pal.oil. This is in a bid to minimize mould load, free fatty acids, aflatoxin B1 contents, moisture content and other anti- nutritional and detrirating factors as their presence especially in high values exceeding permissible levels, reduces quality which are undesirable and hazardous to health of consumers.

1.2 Problem Statement

Quality assessment of palmoil have been carries out in different states of Nigeria such as Rivera state, Kogi star, Delta state, Anambra state, Abia State and Oyo state. Quality assessment of palmoil has not been documented in Osun state. It is therefore desirable and necessary to determine the quality of palmoil on sale in its markets.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The major objective of the study is to assess the quality of palmoil available in major market in Osun state, which is to be achieved through the following specific objectives;

(i) The physiochemical analysis of the palmoil samples and

(ii) The microbial assessment of the palmoil samples.

1.4 Research Questions

(1) what is palmoil quality?

(2) what are the standards for checking the quality of palmoil?

(3) why the need to assess the quality of palmoil?

1.5 Significance of the Study

Mould load, free fatty acids, aflatixin B1 contents moisture content and other anti nutritional and deteriorating factors are important to determine the quality if palmoil. In view of this , it is important to check marketed palmoil to assess their quality as palmoil is consumed by various tribes and ethnic groups of continents due to its immense nutritional and health benefits.

1.6 Scope of the Study

This research h focuses on the assessment of quality of palmoil available in major markets in Osun state, Nigeria.

References

ICEX: Commodity Profile palmoil.

SmitgJ, Suemour G., Mary L., Richard T, and Reynolds J.S  (1983). Utilization potential for semi tropical fruits and vegetables in therapeutic and family diets. Proc.Fla. State. Hort. Soc. 96: 241- 244.

Tanumiharjo S.A. (2002). Factors influencing conversion of carotenoids to retimols: Bioavailability of bio conversion to bio efficacy. Into. J. Bit. Nutr. Res. 72(1):40-45.

Ugwu F.M., Odo M. And Osborne O.(2002). The quality of locally processed palmoil from Ebonyi and Enugu stars. Proceedings of the 26th annual NIFST conference, 4th-8th Nov. 2002, Owerri eds. (Ubbaonu, C.N., Eke S and O. and Uzoma, A), Pp. 47-48.

 

.

QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF PALM OIL AVAILABLE IN MAJOR MARKETS IN NIGERIA.



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.




TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.com is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.com" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.