CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Background to the Study  

According to Traven (2000) water is defined as a liquid substance that is clear, colourless and odourless, capable of existing in a liquid, solid and gaseous phase. It is a basic necessity of life, second to air because it serves as a source of nourishment to man, animals, micro organisms and even plants. Water is also considered to be an essential ingredient for human survival and development throughout history (Biswas, 2005).

Access to safe drinking water is key to sustainable development and essential to food production, quality health, and poverty reduction (Chaurasia and Tiwari, 2011). Safe drinking water is essential to life and a satisfactory safe supply must be made available to consumers (Verma et al., 2012).

Okonkwo et al., (2008) reported that in many developing countries, availability of water has become a critical and urgent problem and it is a matter of great concern for families and communities depending on non public water supply system. According to them, this critical demand for water may be due to increase in human popular, which exerts an enormous pressure on the provision of safe drinking water especially in developing countries.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

In the light of inadequate or lack of quality potable water supplies from the municipal sources, urban residents have resorted to both formal and informal sector providers to supply their water needs. Hence the need for proactive surveillance by regulatory agencies is advocated.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The major objective of the research is the physiochemical assessment of the quality of sachet water marketed in the Minna metropolis.

1.4 Research Questions

1. What is water quality?

2. What are the various brands of water marketed in the Minna metropolis?

3. What are the sources of raw water used by these brands of sachet water?

4. Which physico chemical analysis is to be carried out on this sachet water?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study gives a clear insight into the physiochemical properties of sachet water marketed in the Minna metropolis. It also gives a clear insight into which of the sachet water met with the standard and guidelines values for physical and chemical qualities of potable water prescribed by a regulatory authority.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The research focuses on the physics chemical assessment of the quality of sachet water marketed in the Minna metropolis.

1.7 Limitations of the Study

Twenty-four samples of packaged sachet water produced in Minna metropolis were collected from factories in four different zones. That is six samples from each zone.




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