The purpose of the research work is to find out the influence of untrained teachers on the academic performance of students in some selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. To achieve the above stated objectives, five research questions were raised which includes:

1.Does untrained teacher affect you as a student?

2.Does untrained teacher affect school calendar?

3.Did you know the causes of untrained teacher in Edo State?

4.Does government purposely employ untrained teacher?

5.How does untrained teacher contribute to the low performance or students?

From the above research questions, a questionnaires was drawn, fifteen items was used for the study within the population of one hundred respondents from the three selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State which are:

1.Emotan Secondary School,

2.Idia College    

3.Imaguero College


CHAPTER ONE         


Background of the study

Purpose of study

Significance of the study

Research questions

Limitations of the study

Definition of concepts/terms

CHAPTER TWO         

Literature review

Review of related literature


Sampling techniques

Administration of questionnaires

Description of instrument

Reliability of instrument

Validity of instrument

Method of data analysis


Result and data analysis


Summary, conclusion and recommendations






This study examined the factors responsible for the influence of untrained teachers on the academic performance of students in some selected secondary schools in Oredo local government area of Edo state of Nigeria. Though many people would agree that there is an observable fail in standard of education in Edo state of Nigeria.  

  Nobody in his wildest imagination would have believed that secondary schools in Edo state, has fallen to an abysmally low level as a Nigeria education observer study came up with a report that secondary school in Edo state has degenerated in the past 15 to 16 years.  The shocking news which was retorted as one of the lead bead lines in the Guardian, one of Nigeria’s major daily newspapers, was published on the 11th of February.2006. the screaming head line reads; ‘’ federal ministry of education has scores Edo state secondary level low most on social studies’’ The guardian newspaper quoted the federal ministry of education sponsored study that secondary teachers in Edo state are poorly trained and unproductive subjects.

According to the report the poor performance of students in Edo state is particularly evident in two areas; poor mastery of the untrained teachers and lack of requisite technical skill.  It was ascertained in the report that the deficiencies in both vital areas make secondary students in Edo state of the past fifteen years unfit. The study also indicated that a serious disconnection exists between untrained teachers and the parents. On the students academic performance though the study may have identified major areas of the influence of untrained teacher on the academic performance on students.


In Nigeria as a country and Edo state in particular, teachers still living in ignorance over the fact that training teachers are more relevant in education teaching system. Although many teachers claim that their relative will assist them on gaining a teaching job in the state. It is therefore on this basic that the researcher has device possible way to enlighten the influence of untrained teachers on the academic performance of students in some selected secondary schools in Edo state


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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper

    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)


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