THE IMPACT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION ON THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT

THE IMPACT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION ON THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The most pressing problems in Nigeria today and in every developing nation is unemployment. Many people both young and old find it difficult to get gainful employment. Unemployment is a common phenomenon, which every nation strives to eradicate. Events all over the country have confirmed that unemployment situation in this country has reached a crisis level. The labour market is already saturated, yet youths are seen daily in thousands, roaming the streets, in towns and cities looking for jobs which are not there. The increase in demand for solution to youth unemployment in the country arises from the fact that enormous educational institutions are seen everyday with their certificates searching for white-collar jobs. It is no gainsaying that in the present economy retrenched, able-bodied people and many graduates with formal training in education are now found taking up teaching jobs in private Nursery, primary, secondary, private lessons of different levels.

Unemployment according to Folayan, K.A., Abiodum, R., & Ajuboja, E. (1986) is where there are people who are able to work, wishing to work dependent on work for livelihood but unable to obtain suitable employment.

Oladebo (1990) pointed out that unemployment is when unskilled, well educated and able bodied men and women in our society openly and actively look for employment but cannot get it as well as those who had been deprived of their employment work life patterns via dismissal, retrenchment and terminations probably for what of particular skills to work.

According to Berry (2003), unemployment is a condition that exists when there are people who are interested to work but are unproviledged due to lack of opportunity. It is referred to a situation which arises when an employable individual is actively but unsuccessfully seeking work.

However, private business sector is seen as small scale business. But what is seen as small scale business in one economy may be seen as medium scale business in another economy (Eze, 2005). In order to clear this confusion between small and medium scale business, some criteria that can be used are relatives in size, type of customers, financial strength and the number of employees available in the business.

According to Njoku and Nwosu(2002), a working definition of small scale business will be one with a working capital of one hundred thousand to one hundred and fifty thousand naira. Norbert(2001) cited in his work that a small scale business is the type of business that is independently owned and operated and not dominant in its field of operation. Therefore, private sector includes tailoring, shoe making, bakeries, wood work, weaving, farming, retailing and among others.

Private Business Sector has been playing significant role in reduction rate of unemployment. The sector contributes about 75% reduction of unemployment in Enugu metropolis and in Nigeria. The sector include most activities in manufacturing, mining, construction, banking and transportation. The unorganized private sector are agriculture, house-hold, small scale industries and non-governmental organization. It contains millions of individuals proprietor, petty traders, units transport operators and self employed craftsman and artisan(Obado 2000).

Moreover, there are many factors that have hindered the development of private sector in Nigeria. These range from civil disturbances through government harassment and interference to uncertain exchange rates, impassable roads frequent power failure and telephones that do not work or problem of network. Despite those problems, the role of private sector cannot be overemphasized in the reduction of unemployment rate in Nigeria.

Statement of the Problem

Problem of unemployment in Enugu metropolis has attracted great concern. The effects of unemployment on any nation indirectly indicates the sophistication of nation and it has many secondary effects. In the first place as a result of influx for limited wage labour many are found unemployed. The unemployed people resort to various crimes, unemployment leads to over crowding most especially in Enugu metropolis. Such crowding has negative effects both on the health and the life of the individuals residing in Enugu metropolis.

Many communicable diseases have been associated with over crowding, as a way of escape from the poverty created by unemployment, many unemployed people in Enugu metropolis resort to smoking marijuana or using some drugs that think less of poor situation. Most of the streets of Enugu metropolis are littered with this set of people who constitute problem both to the economy and aesthetic value of our metropolis environment.

The above problems promoted the researcher to involve the extent private business sectors have contributed in Enugu unemployment.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to find out the contributions of private sector in the reduction of unemployment in Enugu metropolis.

The study aims to determine the following:

1. The causes of unemployment in Enugu metropolis

2.  The extent the establishment of private sectors in Enugu urban has reduced unemployment.

3.  Factors hindering the contribution of private sector in the reduction of unemployment in Enugu Metropolis.

Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be significant to the private business sectors, government, unemployed youths and general public.

This study will encourage individuals in Enugu metropolis to invest in private business in order to reduce accelerating rate of unemployment in the area.

Government will after reading this project provide credit facilities and remove barriers that hinder establishment of private business in Enugu metropolis.

Youths and general public will through this study develop themselves for the available job opportunities that exists in private business sectors.

Nevertheless, researchers wilt benefit from the contents of this study because it contains some relevant information that will enable them to develop their own businesses.

Scope of the Study

Private businesses are the prominent feature of the Enugu state economy in particular, Nigeria at large. But this study will focus only on the private businesses in Enugu State particularly in Enugu Metropolis. It will consider some selected private private business sector in Enugu Metropolis. The researcher tries to cover all forms of private businesses within Enugu Metropolis ranging from manufacturing, to service firms.

The business considered in this study are Albertina supermarket, peace transport service, Anaeriative Bakery Ltd, Ezionye supermarket, petty traders, self employed craftsmen and Artisan, small scale industries, Bejoy pure water company, Aqua Rapha pure water company, some selected filling station in Enugu Metropolis.

Research Questions

       The following research questions were constructed to guide the researcher in the study:

i)      To what extent has the establishment of private sector contributed in the reduction of unemployment in Enugu metropolis?

ii)     What are the causes of unemployment in Enugu metropolis?

iii)    To what extent have the problems of unemployment influence the establishment of private sector in Enugu metropolis?

iv)   What factors hinder the contribution of private sector in the reduction of unemployment in Enugu metropolis?

.

Click Here To Get The Complete Project »

How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.