STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JOB SATISFACTION AND ORGANISATIONAL COMMITMENT

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment among officers of the Nigeria Immigration Service in Anambra state. The population of the study was made up of one hundred (100) questionnaires measuring job satisfaction and organizational commitments were randomly distributed to the participants. The instruments were validated by smith, P. C. (1969), and Cook & Wall (1980). A reliability coefficient of 0.68 and a table value of 0.164 was obtained. Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, and Pearson Product Moment Correlation.

The results of the study showed that: there is a positive relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment among the immigration workers. The nature of the work organization and the design of jobs can have a significant effect on the job satisfaction of workers. It is the willingness of employees to accept organizational values and goals and to work towards achieving these. Job satisfaction is affected by intrinsic and extrinsic motivating factors, the quality of supervision, social relationships with the workgroup, and the degree to which individuals succeed or fail in their work. The following recommendations were made based on the findings: workers should be accepted by management as key stakeholders in the organization.

There should be a proper communication channel between the workers and the organization. Management should be encouraged to ensure a policy of employment security, and ensure that steps are taken to avoid involuntary redundancies. All worker's entitlement and allowances should be given them as and when due. Limitations and suggestions for further studies were made and conclusions are drawn.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND TO THE RESEARCH PROBLEM.

To make the best use of people as a valuable resource of the organization, attention must be given to the relationship between staff, and the nature and content of their jobs. The nature of the work organization and the design of jobs can have a significant effect on the job satisfaction of the staff. Job satisfaction is defined as an individual’s reaction to a job experience. Berry (1997). However, my interest was aroused in carrying out this research in view of certain attitudes, feelings, and abilities being exhibited by the officers of the Nigerian immigration service, Anambra state command with respect to their job. Hence, the need for the study; in order to determine how variables such as pay, promotion, benefits, supervisor, coworkers, work conditions, safety, communication, productivity, and the work itself influence the way the officers feel about the job. Each of these factors figures in an individual’sjob satisfactiondifferently. Also, this paper highlights the importance of organizational commitment to effective research. Herscovich and Meyer defined organizational commitment as the degree to which an employee identifies with the goals and values of the organization and is willing to exert effort to make it succeed. My interest was also aroused to carry out this study in order to establish the degree of commitment towards the goals and values of the Nigeria Immigration service by its officers. It has been suggested by Cyert and March (1963), Mangham (1979), and Mintzerg (1983) that an organization is really a coalition of interest groups, where political processes are an inevitable part of everyday life. Coopey and Hartley (1991) argue that if employees are expected and encouraged to commit

themselves tightly to a single set of values and goals they will not be able to cope with the ambiguities and uncertainties that are endemic in organizational life in terms of change. Values can be defined in ways that allow for freedom of choice within broad guidelines.

STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

1.                Is there a relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment among the Nigerian immigration officers in Anambra State?

2.                Are variables such as pay, promotions, supervisor, co-workers, the security of a job and the job itself influence the overall performance of the Nigerian immigration officers in Anambra State?

3.                To what degree is the officers of the Nigerian immigration service in  Anambra  State committed to the goals and values of the service?

4.                To what extent are the officers of the Nigeria Immigration Service,  Anambra State Command satisfied with their job?

5.                What is the general assessment of the job by the officers of the  Nigeria Immigration Service in Anambra State?

AIM OF THE RESEARCH

Goals such as the good of the organization or effective performance at work may provide a degree of motivation for some employees, who could be regarded as committed to so far as they feel they own the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment among the Nigeria Immigration workers.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This is to relate the achievement of excellence to getting the wholehearted commitment of the work force of the Nigeria Immigration Service, Anambra state command. The study can provide feedback that recognizes the contribution of officers and can spell out the significance of the work they do.

OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF KEY CONCEPTS.

Job satisfaction:- This can be defined as a pleasurable emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job;  an affective reaction to one’s job, and an attitude towards one’s job Weiss (2002).

Job satisfaction describes how content an individual is with his or her job.  The happier people are within their job, the more satisfied they are said to be.

Workers:- This comprises of the whole male and female officers of the immigration service, Anambra state command; that participated in the study.

Organizational Commitment:- Is the relative strength of an individual’s identification with an involvement in, a particular organization. Porter et al (1974).

Organizational commitment develop mutuality, a state that exists when management and employees are independent and both benefit from this independence. Walton (1985).

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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