IMPACT OF AUDIOVISUAL AIDS IN TEACHING HOME ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS


CLICK HERE TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT »

IMPACT OF AUDIOVISUAL AIDS IN TEACHING HOME ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA AKWA IBOM STATE)  

ABSTRACT

The study attempted to investigate the appraising instructional materials as being used in secondary schools in UyoLocal Government Area of AkwaIbom State, Nigeria. The study equally reviewed some important and extensive literatures under sub-headings. The descriptive research survey design was applied in the assessment of respondents’ opinions towards the subject matter. In this study, four null hypotheses were formulated and tested with the application of the independent t-test and the Pearson Product Moment Correltional Coefficient Statistical tools at 0.05 significance level. Also, the simple percentage frequency counts was used to analyse the questionnaire response of the selected respondents together with the research questions. A total of 100 (one hundred) respondents, 50 (fifty) male and 50 (fifty) female teachers were selected for this study. At the end of the data analyses, the following results were obtained: there is a significant relationship between teaching materials and teaching effectiveness among teachers in AkwaIbom State public schools, there is a relationship between the availability of instructional resources and academic performance of students in public secondary schools in AkwaIbom State, there is a significant relationship between teaching methods and students’ academic performance in AkwaIbom State public schools and there is a significant gender in the academic performance of students due to the use of teaching materials in AkwaIbom State public schools. Based on the conclusions reached at the end of this study, the following recommendations are made by the researcher: There should be allocation of more time to the practical aspects of educational technology in secondary schools, government should subsidise the cost of students’ practical work on Education Technology and graduates from other disciplines coming into teaching profession as a last resort due to high rate of unemployment; should be discouraged. This is because they are not well equipped for the tasks which they are to perform.

TABLE OF CONTENT   

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgment

Table of content

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

1.2 Statement of the Problem

1.3 Objectives

1.4 Research Questions 

1.5 Research Hypotheses

1.6 The Significance of the Study

1.7 Scope of the Study 

1.8 Definition of Terms 

CHAPTER TWO:  REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Concept of Teaching 

2.3 Teaching and Related Concepts

2.3 The Concept of Learning 

2.4 Factors that Affect Learning 

2.5 Concept of Instructional Materials

2.6 Types of Instructional Materials

2.7 The Importance of Instructional Materials

2.8 The Effect of Disuse of Instructional Materials

2.9 Function of Instructional Resources 

2.10 Teacher-Factor and Students’ Academic Performance  

2.11 Teaching Methods and Students’ Academic Performance

2.12 Teachers’ Qualification and Students’ Academic Performance

CHAPTER THREE:  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.0 Introduction 

3.1 Research Design 

3.2 Population of the Study 

3.3 Sample and Sampling Technique 

3.4 Research Instrument 

3.5 Procedure for Data Collection 

3.6 Procedure for Data Analysis 

CHAPTER FOUR:  DATA ANALYSES AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

4.1 Introduction 

4.2 Description of Data According to Sex, Age, Marital Status, Religion,

4.3 Analyses of Participants’ Reponses to Answer the Research Questions 

4.4 Testing Hypotheses

4.5 Summary of Findings 

CHAPTER FIVE:  SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Introduction 

5.2 Summary of the Study 

5.3 Conclusions 

5.4 Recommendations 

REFERENCE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

For thousand years, man had been seeking ways by which he could increase the effectiveness of his communication. Twenty-three centuries ago, Aristotle identified those important elements in the process of communication. According to him, communication consists of a communicator, the message and the receiver of the message. He further suggested that the oral communicator must not only try to make the assignment of his speech (message) demonstrative and worthy of belief. Lesswell (1998), talked about ingredient of communication in the form of this simple question; “who”? says “what”?, with what purpose? To whom?In what situation?By what means?With what effect? The age of books and chalkboard dragged on over the centuries in electronics (hardware) and communication bringing longevity to this age and its technology in the classroom.

Meanwhile, the radio cassette and tape recorder have been developed to enable millions of masses learn anywhere and anytime. The “visual” first came into prominence in educational scene during the first two decades of the 20th century and such visuals includes all materials generally used in classroom instructions. As from 1947, ideas developed in favour of combining the library with visual development. It is on this ground that the term “instructional materials” evolved. The introduction of technology into education has thrown light into technological innovation e.g. (hardware) machine and (Software) materials or transparencies, which are used as instructional materials in the classroom teaching.

Davies (1990) maintained that all media to varying degrees helps perception, understanding, transfer of training, provide reinforcement, and extension. Some media are essential to the attainment of goals and objectives, such media must be obtained and used if the objectives are to be achieved. Media like maps and pictures are described as criterion media and are also used to learn and achieve skill of mastery in any kind of subject in the classroom in teaching / learning situation. According to Hoben (1991), there is little from evidence in the research literature. A single medium of instruction will suffice ever if only because it will become unbearably monotonous, but variety among instructional media can make the teaching in the classroom more effective.

Modern researchers have tried its ability of using varied media to see successful attainment of their goals and objectives. For instance, a study of programmed–instruction journalism course at Marshall University, USA showed that students prefer tape recoding while others preferred materials. Audio-visual materials can provide a rich variety of sensory experience to amplify and reinforces the concepts that have been presented in textbooks. For certain types of learning, some students may grasp the flow and structure of ideas more easily through films or television programmes than through textbooks assignments and lectures (Anyanwu, 2000). In a collection of varied and integrated learning activities, each method of teaching makes particular contribution in cooperation with several other media of instruction.

Modern research therefore are no longer, studying the effects of isolated educational materials, they are considering integrated system that involve many variables of instructional media on the teaching-learning situation. Schram (1996), proposed that each medium should be considered as part of teaching/learning system. Thus, for example, certain ways of combining these media such as television with tutorial media may be immensely more effective than one alone. In evaluating the combination of instructional materials effectively, they should be tried out in the environment where they will be properly utilized.

View from the angle of the contributions, ways of definitions, history and perception of the instructional media on teaching in Junior Secondary School could broaden or widen the horizons of the users on its impact in the teaching in classes (Adeleke, 2001). According to Aina (2002), instructional materials are those materials or resources used in any teaching exercise to promote greater understanding of the learning experiences. They are used to “provide the richest possible learning environment which help learners and the teachers to achieve specific objectives”. They also assist the teacher to communicate more effectively and the learner to learn more meaningfully and permanently.

Instructional materials form a vital aspect of teaching and learning in secondary schools, hence its importance in school curriculum. Nwagbara (2002) notes that instructional materials enhance retention and permanence in learning. According to her, enormous benefits accrue from teaching and learning with the aid of culturally relevant and adequate instructional materials, especially, for the primary and secondary school levels of education.

 Instructional materials which are educational inputs are of vital importance to the teaching of any subject in the school curriculum.  Wales (1995) was of the opinion that the use of instructional materials would make discovered facts glued firmly to the memory of students.  Savoury (1998) also added that, a well planned and imaginative use of visual aids in lessons should do much to banish aparthy, supplement inadequacy of books as well as arouse students interest by giving them something practical to see and do, and at the same time helping to train them to think things out themselves.  

Like other teaching subjects in the school curriculum, the teaching and learning of any subject in school cannot be effectively achieved without the aid of instructional materials. According to Savoury (1998), for long, instructional materials have not really been used in schools. Most teachings are done verbally without really making use of the few available materials. It is proper for teachers to make use of instructional materials needed in every situation for their teaching. Savoury (1998) suggested a catalogue of useful visual aids that are good for teaching such as pictures, post cards, diagrams, maps, filmstrips and models.

It is interesting to note that a large percentage of trained teachers and those undergoing professional training course can teach with some of the instructional materials. They do so consciously because they know that the use of instructional materials have positive effect on learning outcomes as their cognate experience during teaching practice supervision reveals (Adeyanju, 2003). Adeyanju also reveals that in an on-going action research by investigators in Winneba District, a survey sample of teachers with several years of teaching experience of between (3) and twenty five (25) years, claim that learning aid improves methodology. They also claim that learning aids reduce their talk and chalk method.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Instructional materials inspite of their numerous advantages are now witnessing serious neglect by both the teachers and educational administrators. This is not limited to the government alone, but also private educational administrators such as those who teach Home Economics, where such materials are provided, they are grossly, inadequate, obsolete or totally out of use. Even the functional ones are not put into proper use by the teachers in the classroom. It has been observed that there is only display of such materials by various secondary schools by the officials of the Ministry of Education in AkwaIbom State.

The effect of this neglect, mismanagement, poor maintenance and inadequate supply of these instructional materials has created the following problems to the teaching and learning processes:

1) Students tend to learn slowly in class.

2) What is learnt is not easily recalled.

3) Poor academic performance of students in internal and external examinations.

4) Inability of student to practicalize what is learnt especially, things having to do with technical or vocational skills.

The identified problems gave rise to the examination on appraising instructional materials as being used in secondary schools in UyoLocal Government Area of AkwaIbom State, Nigeria.

1.3 Objectives

The objectives of this study were: 

1. To find out whether there is any relationship between teaching materials and teaching  effectiveness among Home Economics teachers in public secondary schools in AkwaIbom State.  

2. To examine the relationship between adequacy/inadequacy of teaching materials and teaching effectiveness in public schools in AkwaIbom State.

3. To assess the relationship between teaching methods and students’ performance in AkwaIbom State secondary schools. 

4. To find out whether the is any gender difference in the academic performance of students due to the use of teaching materials in the public schools in AkwaIbom State. 

5. To investigate whether students’ academic achievements depend on the teaching materials available in the public schools in AkwaIbom State.

1.4 Research Questions 

Answers were sought to the following research questions:

1. Is there any relationship between teaching materials and teaching effectiveness among teachers in AkwaIbom State public schools? 

2. Will there be any relationship between the availability of  teaching resources and students’ performance in AkwaIbom State public schools ? 

3. Will there be any relationship between the use of teaching materials and students’ academic performance in AkwaIbom State public schools?

4. Will there be any gender difference in the academic perfprmance of students due to the use of teaching materials in AkwaIbom State public schools? 

5. Will there be any relationship between the teaching meth and students’ academic performance in AkwaIbom State public schools?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were tested for this study:

1. There will be no significant relationship between teaching materials and teaching effectiveness among teachers in AkwaIbom State public schools. 

2. There will be no relationship between the availability of instructional resources and academic performance of students in public secondary schools in AkwaIbom State.

3. There will be no significant relationship between teaching methods and students’ academic performance in AkwaIbom State public schools.

4. There will be no significant gender in the academic performance of students due to the use of teaching materials in AkwaIbom State public schools.

1.6 The Significance of the Study

This study is specially designed to educate the operational administrator both public and private on the need to ensure adequate supply and utilization of instructional material in the teaching / learning process.

Teachers on their own part will have a better understanding of the roles played by instructional materials and therefore have a change of attitude towards the non-use of instructional materials. 

Student-teachers having gone through this research work will realize the need for continuous use of instructional materials when they actually become classroom teachers, when they have left the schools.

The society will also benefit from the findings of this study, as it will help them to have an insight into the use of teaching aids in teaching and learning processes in the school.

1.7 Scope of the Study 

The study covered the Impact Of Audio Visual Aids In Teaching Home Economics In Secondary Schools (A Case Study Of Uyo Local Government Area AkwaIbom State).

1.8 Definition of Terms 

1) Curriculum: A course of study offered in schools.

2) Audio Mats: These are instructional resources that send out sound signal.

3) Visual Mats: These are the resources that send out light signals in form of symbols and light signs which can be received only through the sense of sight.

4) Instructional Materials: Anything that assists teachers to teach well in the classroom. Also, those things that help students to learn well in the classrooms.

5) Environment: Surrounding, that is everything and everyone with whom the individual comes in contact.

.

IMPACT OF AUDIOVISUAL AIDS IN TEACHING HOME ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS


CLICK HERE TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT »


TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.