AN INTERNSHIP REPORT AT AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY LIMITED


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AN INTERNSHIP REPORT AT AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY LIMITED

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page………………..i

Certification……………ii

Dedication………………iii

Acknowledgment……….iv

Abstract…………………vi

Table of content………vii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0.            BACKGROUND OF THE SCHEME

1.2.    AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF SIWES

1.3.      FUNCTIONS OF SIWES

1.4.     BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE COMPANY

1.5.    MISSION STATEMENT OF AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY

1.6.   FUNCTIONS OF AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY LIMITED

1.7.    ORGANOGRAM OF THE COMPANY

CHAPTER TWO

THEORETICAL ASPECT OF THE EXERCISE

2.0.  INTRODUCTION

2.1.   SOURCES OF WATER

2.1.0    SURFACE WATER

2.1.1.   POSSIBLE SOURCE OF SURFACE WATER CONTAMINATION

2.1.2    UNDERGROUND WATER:

2.1.3    POTENTIAL SOURCES OF GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION

2.1.4   DANGERS OF CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER

2.2.    WATER PURIFICATION

2.2.1     BOREHOLE

2.2.2.   CHLORINATION

  2.2.3.   LIME-DOSING

2.2.4.      FILTRATION

2.3.    WATER ANALYSIS

2.3.1.   NEED FOR WATER ANALYSIS

CHAPTER THREE

THE LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF PHYSICAL PARAMETERS INFLUENCING

WATER QUALITY

3.1.    COLOUR MEASUREMENT IN WATER

3.1.0.     PROCEDURES

3.1.1.   TREATMENT OF COLOUR IN WATER

3.2. ODOUR AND APPEARANCE

3.3.   TURBIDITY MEASUREMENT IN WATER

3.3.1   PROCEDURES

3.4    TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT IN WATER

3.5.     pH MEASUREMENT IN WATER

3.5.1.   PROCEDURES FOR pH MEASUREMENT

3.5.2.        TREATMENT

3.6. ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY

3.6.1.   PROCEDURES FOR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT

3.6.2.   SALINITY

3.6.2.1    PROCEDURES FOR SALINITY MEASUREMENT IN WATER

3.6.3   TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLID

3.6.3.1   PROCEDURES FOR TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLID MEASUREMENT IN     

              WATER

3.7.    CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

3.7.0   SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC MEASUREMENT

3.7.1.    BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD)      

3.7.1.0   PROCEDURES FOR BOD MEASUREMENT

3.7.2.    TOTAL HARDNESS

3.7.2.1    PROCEDURES

3.7.2.2   INTERPRETATION OF RESULT

3.7.3.    TOTAL   ALKALINITY

3.7.3.0. PROCEDURES

3.7.3.1.   INTERPRETATION OF RESULT

3.7.4.       TOTAL ACIDITY

3.7.4.0.   PROCEDURE

3.7.4.1.   INTERPRETATION OF RESULT

3.8.   BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

3.8.0.    LABORATORY REPORT FORM

CHAPTER FOUR

EXPERIENCES GAINED AND CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED

4.0.    EXPERIENCES GAINED

4.1.     CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED

CHAPTER FIVE

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.0.    RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1.    CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

2.0.            BACKGROUND OF THE SCHEME

The student industrial training is a training programme which forms a part of the academic standards in the various degree programmes for all Nigerian tertiary institutions. It seeks to bridge the gap existing between technology and other professional education programmes in Nigerian tertiary institutions.

It is a skill a training programme designed to expose and prepare students of Universities, Polytechnics/Colleges of Technology/Colleges of Agriculture and Colleges of Education for the industrial work situation that they are likely to meet after graduation. The scheme also affords the students the opportunity of familiarizing and exposing themselves to the needed experience in handling equipment and machinery that are usually not available in their institutions.

Before the the scheme was established, there was a growing concern among our industrialists that graduates of our institutions of higher learning lacked adequate practical background studies preparatory for unemployment in industries and other organizations. Thus, the employers of labour were of the opinion that the theoretical education going on in the higher institutions was not responsive to their needs.

It is against this background that the rationale for initiating and designing the scheme by the industrial Training Fund (ITF) during its formative years, (1973/1974), was introduced to acquaint students with the skills of handling employers’ equipment and machinery. The ITF solely funded the scheme during its formative years. But as the financial involvement became unbearable to the fund, it withdrew from the scheme in 1978. The federal government handed over the scheme in 1979 to both the National Universities Commission (NUC) and the National Board for Technical Education (NBTE). Later, the federal government in November 1984 revert the management and implementation of the scheme to ITF and it was effectively taken over by the Industrial Training Fund (ITF) in July 1985 with the funding is solely borne by the federal government (Job Specifications on Students Industrial work Experience Scheme, n.d.)

1.2.    AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF SIWES

·         To provide an avenue for students in the university to acquire industrial skill and experience in their course of study.

·         To prepare students for the work situation they are likely to meet after graduation.

·         To expose students to work methods and techniques in handling equipment and machinery that may not be available in the university and Institute.

·         Provide student an opportunity to apply their bridging the gap between higher education and actual practice.

·         Make the transition from the university to the world of work easier and thus enhance students contact for later job placement after graduation.

·         Enlist and strengthen employer’s involvement in the entire educational process of preparing university graduates for employment in the industry.

·         To enhance students' contacts for later job placement.

·         To further, expose the students to the opportunities in their fields.

1.3.      FUNCTIONS OF SIWES

By the directive of National Universities Commission (NUC) and Industrial Training Fund (ITF), the unit is mandated to carry out the following functions:

·         Provision of advisory guidance to participating students on career employment opportunities.

·         Fostering of close links between the university and industries participating in the SIWES program.

·         Processing of students’ logbooks, ITF forms and industrial attachment reports upon which is based on the Federal Government funding of supervision and students’ allowances.

·         Supervision of students placed in the industries located within our ITF zone.

·         Seeking industries placement for undergraduates enrolled in various disciplines scheduled for participation in SIWES.

·         Monitoring of compliance with the requirements of SIWES on the part of students in eligible disciplines as a condition for graduation.

·         Facilitation of the disbursement of the students’ allowance to deserving students through e-payments

1.4.     BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE COMPANY

Akwa Ibom Water Board was founded in 1987 and later incorporated in 2001 to become Akwa Ibom Water Company Limited under the managing directorship of Chief Ernest Usoro. Akwa Ibom Water Company carries out water engineering, maintenance of pipelines, water analysis, and treatment of water.

1.5.    MISSION STATEMENT OF AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY

The mission statement of the company is to provide portable water to the urban and semi-urban communities of the state in an efficient manner with the views to achieving continuous self-sustenance for the benefits of the stakeholders or the people.

1.6.   FUNCTIONS OF AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY LIMITED

·         To organize the conduct of comprehensive research for the purpose of the company, from time to time on a matter related to the function and to submit the result of such research to the commission for the utilization and for the formulation of the policy relating to the supply and use of water in the state.

·         To provide and manage all waterworks vested to the company.

·         To determine or suspend distribution as many become necessary.

1.7.    ORGANOGRAM OF THE COMPANY

AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY LIMITED  

Fig 1.0:Company Organogram

.

AN INTERNSHIP REPORT AT AKWA IBOM WATER COMPANY LIMITED


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