The aim of this thesis is to find out the factors militating against the effective learning and teaching of chemistry in some selected secondary school in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The researcher has therefore analyzed the various problems facing the learning and teaching of chemistry in some selected secondary schools in Ekiti State. From the information collected some of the problems include non availability of qualified chemistry teachers, laboratories, enough seminars, symposia and workshops for chemistry teachers. The writer also gave policy recommendations in order to reduce the problems of learning and teaching chemistry in the selected secondary schools in Ekiti State. This includes the provision of the following by the government. In service training for teachers, building laboratories and libraries for the schools, building of more classroom to reduce the teachers to attend organized science seminars, symposia and workshops.


CHAPTER ONE Introduction

Background of the study

Statement of the problem

Purpose of the study

Research questions

Significance of the study

Scope or delimitation of the study

Definition of terms


Literature review


Research methodology


Research design

Population of the study

Sample and sampling procedure


Administration of instrument

Method of data analysis


Data analysis and interpretation


Summary of findings







Since ancient times, we have experiment with materials around us to feed, cloth and shelter ourselves what started as a satisfaction of our basic needs has now develop into science of chemistry. Chemistry is one of the main branches of pure science the other two being biology and physics chemistry deals with the composition, properties and uses of matter it probes into the principles governing the changes the Matter undergoes

     Over the years, chemistry, as well as other fields of science, has developed through a series of discoveries how do scientists make their discoveries? Scientists are very alert and inquisitive they use their since to observe what is happening around them from a given set of observations they see a certain pattern they put toward a reasonable explanation or hypothesis and can out appropriate experiments to test it then they carefully record their observations and result of their experiment

        Our world is made up of matter we study chemistry to acquire knowledge about matter. We perform experiments and learn to observe, record and make intelligent influence studying chemistry such scientists are known as chemists also it was in this since that such medicinal aspects such as x-rays for curing cancers and many other findings and formulation are as follow: John Dalton proposed the atomic theory of matter

     Michael faraday proposed electricity with magnetism Gregor Mendel in genetics discovered the law of hereditary in plant and animal in realization of the importance of studying chemistry adequate attention and facilities should be provided through the help of the government ministry of education and other various organizations this feel is a more statement into the classroom experiences


1 Lack of qualified and experience chemistry teachers will make pupils/students perform poorly because when they are not properly taught understanding becomes a problem

2 Lack of chemistry equipments will lead to poor performance on the subject because these equipment will aid better understanding of the concepts taught

3 Lack of seminar, symposia and workshop in chemistry will not update the teacher’s methodology

4 The numbers of pupils in a class affects the teacher’s efficiency as equipments are not there to facilitate teaching-learning encounter, other problems are lack of libraries and laboratories would not facilitate the students learning


The objective of the study is to:

1.                 Examine chemistry learning and teaching problems

2.                 Recommend some solutions to the problem

3.                 Identify a favourable factor

4.                 Give solutions that will help in laying solid foundati0on for further studies of this subject to the students or pupils


1.                 Pupils taught with adequate chemistry equipment performs better in science than those without chemistry equipment

2.                 Experience and qualify chemistry teachers positively influence the performance of pupils in a given learning and teaching environment


The significant of this study that is the factors militating against the learning and teaching of chemistry in Ekiti state cannot be over-emphasized

      The study brings to light the problems involved in the learning and teaching of chemistry in Ekiti state, it we help the government and the ministry of education in Ekiti state to find a lasting solution to the problems detected it help in bringing to the awareness of teachers trainees such that they can regulate the curriculum of the teachers education

      Through this study, teachers can correct teachers themselves in which ever hindrance to effective teaching


This study was limited to the people of Ekiti state Nigeria

1.     The leader

2.     Youth

3.     The old men and women


Qualified science teachers the qualified chemistry teachers in school are who possesses the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) his at least five years teaching experience.

     CHEMISTRY can be define as the branch of science that deals with the composition structure properties and reactions of matter, especially of atomic and molecular systems.       




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