PERCEPTION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEACHING PRACTICE PROGRAMME IN UNIVERSITIES OF ENUGU STATE

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study is to find out the importance of teaching practice on students teachers performance in primary schools in Nigeria. This project is divided into five chapters, chapter one is the background of the study, objective of the study, research questions, significance of the study, scope of the study, definition of terms. Chapter two is concerned with review of related literature. Chapter three involves methodology, population, instrumentation, procedure for data analysis, validation of instrument and gathering information through administration of questionnaires to some selected students. Also chapter four is devoted to analysis, interpretation and also discussion of result. Here the research find the problems which students encounter during teaching practice such as lack of teaching aids etc and the solution to those problems. Chapter five finally involves summary, conclusion, recommendations are of further research and reference.    

TABLE OF CONTENT

Chapter One     

Introduction       

Background of the study      

Statement of the problem

Research questions     

Purpose of study          

Significance of the study

Scope and delimitation of study

Definition of terms

Chapter Two     

Literature review

Chapter Three  

Research Methodology

Chapter Four    

Analysis and interpretation of data

Discussion of finding

Chapter Five     

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations 

References                 

Questionnaires

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

        Teaching practice still remains a cardinal focus in the world today, due to its role in the national development through political economic and social development to meet societal needs that is the reasons and the value of instruction depends to a large extent on the quantity and quantity of professional training of teachers. An enviable opportunity to acquired competencies needed for effective teaching in all area of impacting (transferring) knowledge helping those being taught to be aware of their talents and have more knowledge and how to use their powers where every they are. In teacher education, adequate preparation of the student’s teacher for his task is very important for his/her success in field of experience such field experience is a core aspect in the training of teachers and often referred to as teaching practice. In Nigeria, students teacher here often adopt practice from experience teachers, which are not in line with the demands of current educational objective. The mistakes of current educational objective. The mistakes have contributed to the failure of many teachers in the classroom while pupils too become dropouts. The overall effect for their professional calling is the falling standard in education of our country. Hence, teaching practice is essentially that which come into existence in the 19th century. Its roots grew over the years to assure an indispensable and distinct requirement that have its blue prints boldly written in Nigeria national Policy on Education. Teaching practice is taken as a core course of all the curriculum and instruction which lasts for about 10-15 weeks supervised teaching practice, it began without credit or unit attached to it and was merely a requirement to graduate. But now teaching practice is weighted to carry a total of 6 credits for students in 300 levels. Consequently, the scheme is being geared as a launching pad for the emergence of a crops of highly dedicated, devoted and sincerely trained teachers who are highly predisposed to innovations as well as purposeful pattern of teaching.

        The imperative is for qualitative and sound supervision. However, supervision entails the cooperative efforts of coordinators, the students teachers, the principals and all members of staff of the cooperating schools, this include also the College of Education. The external supervisors and the students in the particular classes being taught by the student teacher. Inspite the  various hands in the scheme student teachers often come out complaining of one form of abnormality or another on the supervision exercise and supervision seems very vague to reckon. It becomes necessary to investigate the student teacher perception on the quality of teaching practice supervision.

In the world today, teacher’s education remaining a thing of focus, because of its role in national development through political economical and social development to meet societal needs. That is the reason of the value of instrument depends to a large extent on the quality of a professional training of teachers. Hence an enviable opportunity to acquire competence needed for effective teaching in the area of imparting knowledge, helping those being taught to become more aware of their talents, power and how to use them and so on.

        Similarly, in teacher education, adequate preparation of the student’s teacher for his task is very important for his/her success in field of experience such field experience is a core aspect in the training of teachers and often referred to as teaching practice. In Nigeria, students teacher here often adopt practice from experience teachers, which are not in line with the demands of current educational objective. The mistakes of current educational objective. The mistakes have contributed to the failure of many teachers in the classroom while pupils too become dropouts. The overall effect for their professional calling is the falling standard in education of our country. Hence, teaching practice is essentially that which come into existence in the 19th century. Its roots grew over the years to assure on indispensable and distinct competent of teachers training program met any level. It is a requirement that have its blue prints in Nigeria National Policy of Education (2004) the third component of teacher education curriculum similarly, in the college of education, Ekiadolor-Benin, teaching practice is taken as a core course of the curriculum and instruction which lasted 10-15 weeks supervised teaching practice it began without credit load or unit attached to it and as merely a requirement to graduates in education. But now, teaching practice is weighed to carry a total of 6 credits for students in college of Education in their final year.

        Consequently, the scheme is been geared as a launching pad for the emergence of a corps of highly dedicated, devoted and capable teachers who are highly predisposed to innovation as well as purposeful pattern of teaching. This imperative for quantitative and sound supervision. However, supervision entails the cooperate efforts of coordinating the students teachers, the principal and all members of staff of the cooperating school (i.e. school where teaching practice exercise is done) including the college of education, the external supervisors and the students teachers. Inspite of these various hands ni the scheme, students teacher often come out complaining of one form of abnormality or the other on the supervision exercises and supervision seems very vogue to reckon with. It becomes necessary to investigate the student’s teacher perception on the quality of teaching practice supervision among teachers.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 

        Teaching practice was introduced like other practical experiences in fulfillment of the certificate requirement of the teacher to be. It is an experience every education students in the college of education must undergo it was in view of the importance and necessary of teaching practice that the need for a well programmed vitally well pattern follow to achieve meaningful success. However, with the crop of grounding and graduating teachers being varied in the scheme of professional growth, teachers education proficiency and performance coupled with the decreasing standard of teacher education product performance as well as the falling standard of education, the learning problems seem burdensome to resolve. Even those in teaching practice their ordeal in performance create worry over what ought to be and how it was done. Similarly the series of flush resulting from improper coordination. Thus, these variation in assessing teacher during teaching practice. This will however, creates desire to study the students teacher perception of the quality of teaching practices supervision. To ascertain the effectiveness of supervision, the following are being tested.

RESEARCH QUESTION

1.           Do lack of support by host teachers influencing student teachers performance?

2.           Does the attitude of students influence student teacher performance?

3.           How does the attitude of the student influence the performance of the student’s teachers?

4.           How does attitude of supervisor influence student teacher performance?

5.           How did your supervisor treat your lesson note?

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

        The purpose of the study is to:

1.           Determine the issues involved in teaching practice

2.           Highlight the importance, obstacles/constraints as well as various hindrances to the teaching practice.

3.           Suggest various ways quality teaching can be realized.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

    The research is carried out with the issues, hindrances and prospect of quality supervision of teaching practice in mind. Finding of this work will however, go a long way in making the teaching practice supervision exercise a befitting one for the planners and students involved in the programme. First the student’s teacher will be made to realize the importance of the programme and to understand various areas of interest to the student’s teacher to enhance his or her profession. The students can see their supervisors as friends, helper and those cooperative supervisors assisting useful means to getting the best.

    The supervising lecturers and other supervisors could learn how best to accomplish the task. They will become innovative, creative, and versatile in handling teachers to be during their teaching practice. It will help the practicing school supervisor responsibilities in the exercise so that they can render the necessary cooperation to those practicing colleagues in all spheres, the programme so to have quality and better teachers.

    Lastly, the educational knowledge involved will properly be called to the right place thereby solving teaching/learning difficulties, which will be made effective and both teachers trainees and students will gain academically,. It will also help in making any necessary adjustment in the appointment of supervisor for quality and effective exercise.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

    The study is designed to find out the importance of teaching practice on students teachers performance in primary schools. The study is restricted to College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin student teachers. The researcher hopes to get information from the present year three (Yr 3) students only who have just been concluded their teaching practice.

DEFINITION OF TERMS  

Practicing School: The school where a student teacher does his/her teaching practice under the supervision of the permanent staff (subject teacher, principals, head of school/department) of the school and supervisors from the subject teachers school.

Teaching practice: A learning or trial service of students teachers who are sent to school under supervision for a designated period of time. It is a device to develop the mind and body, enhance professionally. Competence in them and practice of education as a teacher.

Supervision: It is the act of overseeing to be in charge of students and responsible for making sure that they do their work properly. It is to superintend over some one or a group of people.

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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