FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE AFFECTIVE LEARNING AND TEACHING CHEMISTRY IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS

FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE AFFECTIVE LEARNING AND TEACHING CHEMISTRY IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND of THE STUDY

       Since ancient times, we have experiment with materials around us to feed, cloth and shelter ours

elves what started as a satisfaction of our basic needs has now develop into science of chemistry. Chemistry is one of the main branches of pure science the other two being biology and physics chemistry deals with the composition, properties and uses of matter it probes into the principles governing the changes the Matter undergoes

     Over the years, chemistry, as well as other fields of science, has developed through a series of discoveries how do scientists make their discoveries? Scientists are very alert and inquisitive they use their since to observe what is happening around them from a given set of observations they see a certain pattern they put toward a reasonable explanation or hypothesis and can out appropriate experiments to test it then they carefully record their observations and result of their experiment

        Our world is made up of matter we study chemistry to acquire knowledge about matter. We perform experiments and learn to observe, record and make intelligent influence studying chemistry such scientists are known as chemists also it was in this since that such medicinal aspects such as x-rays for curing cancers and many other findings and formulation are as follow: John Dalton proposed the atomic theory of matter

     Michael faraday proposed electricity with magnetism Gregor Mendel in genetics discovered the law of hereditary in plant and animal in realization of the importance of studying chemistry adequate attention and facilities should be provided through the help of the government ministry of education and other various organizations this feel is a more statement into the classroom experiences

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

1 Lack of qualified and experience chemistry teachers will make pupils/students perform poorly because when they are not properly taught understanding becomes a problem

2 Lack of chemistry equipments will lead to poor performance on the subject because these equipment will aid better understanding of the concepts taught

3 Lack of seminar, symposia and workshop in chemistry will not update the teacher’s methodology

4 The numbers of pupils in a class affects the teacher’s efficiency as equipments are not there to facilitate teaching-learning encounter, other problems are lack of libraries and laboratories would not facilitate the students learning

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The objective of the study is to:

1.                 Examine chemistry learning and teaching problems

2.                 Recommend some solutions to the problem

3.                 Identify a favourable factor

4.                 Give solutions that will help in laying solid foundati0on for further studies of this subject to the students or pupils

HYPOTHESIS

1.    Pupils taught with adequate chemistry equipment performs better in science than those without chemistry equipment

2.   Experience and qualify chemistry teachers positively influence the performance of pupils in a given learning and teaching environment

SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

The significant of this study that is the factors militating against the learning and teaching of chemistry in Ekiti state cannot be over-emphasized

      The study brings to light the problems involved in the learning and teaching of chemistry in Ekiti state, it we help the government and the ministry of education in Ekiti state to find a lasting solution to the problems detected it help in bringing to the awareness of teachers trainees such that they can regulate the curriculum of the teachers education

      Through this study, teachers can correct teachers themselves in which ever hindrance to effective teaching

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study was limited to the people of Ekiti state Nigeria

1.     The leader

2.     Youth

3.     The old men and women

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Qualified science teachers the qualified chemistry teachers in school are who possesses the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) his at least five years teaching experience.

     CHEMISTRY can be define as the branch of science that deals with the composition structure properties and reactions of matter, especially of atomic and molecular systems.    

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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