Education has been viewed by scholars based on their perceptions of what education is about. Castle (1995) sees education as what happened to us from the day we were born to the day we die. Nwachi (2000) defines education as a weapon for combating ignorance, poverty, and disease, as a bridge between confusion and comprehension, like a dam for conserving man’s store of civilization and for generating the power to move to greater civilization, as a means for transporting man from a state of intellectual subservience to a state of intellectual sovereignty. In a nutshell, education is the all-around development of an individual, intellectually, morally, and mentally, so that he will be useful to himself and the society to which he belongs.

It is assumed that broken homes retard the progress of those children from such background in that both parents are not on the ground to direct and guide the child towards the achievement of educational goals. It is agreeable or believed that children from broken homes are more likely prone to poor academic performance. A child may become a victim of a broken home as a result of divorce or separation of the parents. When this happens, this child is entrusted to other people that are different from his parents. This person is expected to play the role of surrogate parents despite his/her commitment to his/her own children without any empirical evidence, it is very clear that nobody will treat a child who is entrusted to his care the way he/she will treat his/her own child. By this token, the child is always confused and frustrated under the leadership style of step-father or stepmother. The frustration of such a child knows no bound. At home under surrogate parents he is discriminated against and suffers some psychological deprivations, he carried the same emotional frustration to the school. Instead of listening to the teacher and taking down notes, he is more often occupied with the intimidation, discrimination, and deprivation he/she is facing at home. As such, he has little or no interest in the learning materials, as classes are ought to be attended and comprehensible in the course of the subject taught and presented at school.

Apart from frustration, discouragement, and deprivations, the child may also be malnourished and segregated by the surrogate parent (i.e. mother) who feel that she is wasting the family resources in the child she did not give birth to; the child may lack the necessary school materials and in most cases, may grudgingly allow the child to be attending school while that child may not be given the necessary things that are vital for acquisition of knowledge since he knows that, He will be punished by the teacher for lack of learning materials, hence, the child may resort to playing truancy.

Since parenthood has been found to adversely affect the learning situation of a human being particularly the children, that is to say, children who are reared in homes where parents are separated or divorced are most likely to be faced with sleep disturbance in class while learning become irritable, fearful, aggressive and withdrawn (Cole and Cole 1993, Van der Zanden 1980). Studies further confirm that children in the one-parent household not only do or perform poorly in school because they tend to lack self-control but also become disruptive in the classrooms, instead of paying attention to what is being taught in class, they are busy disturbing others who are ready to learn. In addition, it is also reported that two years immediately after a mother’s marriage breaks up, the mother exercises less control over her children than she did before (Hetherington, Cox and Cos, 1982).

The problems children from broken homes are facing with the resultant failure in school is a serious affair that calls for the attention of all and sundry including the government.


The family has an enormous amount of influence on the education of the child both directly and indirectly. In the preschool or formative years of the child, the home transmits culture and knowledge to the child correcting him where he goes wrong and directing him in other various aspects of his life in society.

However, broken homes are very common ranging. From voluntary separation, desertion, ejection, divorce, etc. the problem, therefore, is that broken homes have really caused a setback in the education of the children born into these families, thereby affecting the academic performance of these students.


The study is to examine the problems associated with broken homes and how it affects the education of children from such homes, it is hoped and believed that this study will enlighten teachers of the problems children from broken homes have to contend with, with a view to helping them adjust properly to the learning situation.

The study is equally aimed at highlighting the unstable homes and their adverse effect on the education of children from such homes and to intimates parents with the problems associated with broken homes in order to minimize separation and divorces.


i.                    To what extent does a broken home affect the academic achievement of students?

ii.                  How does maltreatment from step-parents contribute to the students’ academic performance in school?

iii.                What are the significant differences in the average academic performance of students from broken homes and students from unbroken homes?

iv.                What are the problems associated with broken homes?

v.                  How can these problems be minimized?


Due to financial and time constraints the study is limited to selected schools in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun state, the study is also limited to material resources available to the researcher during the course of the study.


It is expected that the research work would serve as a reference to those who may carry out similar research in the future. The rate of marriage failure is on the increase in our modern society. As the saying goes “when two elephants fight on the grass, it is the grass that suffers? What becomes of children born to such a family is nobody’s concern. It is therefore pertinent that a timely study is carried out in order to give useful suggestions and recommendation to teachers on how to help such unfortunate children to learn properly in school so that they can come out with a good academic performance in school for themselves and be useful to the society as well.

As a matter of fact, institution s like UNICEF, Ford Foundation, and others have shown genuine interest and concern for Western Children in similar conditions like those in Africa. The impact of these aforementioned organizations has not been felt in most parts of Nigeria as a nation. It is, therefore, necessary that a radically guided research of this nature be carried out in this part of the world.

This dearth of search is also rational for this study in order to expose the problems of broken homes and a resultant consequence of the education of children from such homes. It will help in finding solutions to problems identified.

Lastly, it will expose teachers to the problems discussed and their effects on education, with a view to working out the modality of helping students from such backgrounds to learn better.


Marriage: it is the legal relationship between a husband and wife

Home: the house or apartment that one lives in, especially with your family

Learning: a relatively pertinent to a permanent change in the behavior of an individual as result the learning.

Performance: This is the ability to successfully carry out a given task following instructions.

Standard: This concept is used in the research to mean the expected level of quality or a specified level of academic excellence and its attainment in the system.


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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper

    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)


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