EFFECT OF ADEQUATE USE OF AUDIO AND VISUAL AIDS IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES

ABSTRACT

The research investigated into the effect of adequate use of audio and visual aids in the teaching and learning of social studies in some selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area, Edo State. In order to carryout the study some research question were postulated. They are; 

i.             Are audio and visual aids available to effect the teaching and learning processing in the study area?

ii.            What are the role of the school management for adequate use and provisions of such facilities?

iii.          Are the teacher well trained to use the facilities? 

The research instrument used was questionnaires oral interview and participant observation. The data collected were analysed using the simple percentage tabulation method. A total of thirty (30) respondents were used. In conclusion, some recommendations were preferred to alleviate the identified problems 

TABLE OF CONTENT

Chapter one: introduction

Background to study

Statement of problems

Purpose of study

Significance of study

Research questions

Scope of study

Limitation of study

Definition of terms

Chapter two:    

Literature review

Chapter three: methodology      

Source of data

Population and sample

Sampling techniques

Instrument for collecting data

Validation of data

Reliability of the instrument

Method of data collection 

Data analysis techniques

Chapter four     

Analysis of data

Discussion

Chapter five      

Summary, findings, recommendations and conclusions 

Findings

Recommendation

Conclusion

REFERENCE      

QUESTIONNAIRE      

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Audio and visual materials like radio, projector, chalkboard etc play a very important role in teaching/learning of social studies. These instructional materials came into existence when an exhibition was held in Austria. In the exhibition home schools from USA attended the exhibition where they displayed different forms of audio and visual materials even audio visual materials were also presented. Some of them were Radio, cassette, blackboard (wooden), Graph, Television, Charts and numerous posters to educate people that attended the exhibition. (Akolo, 2000)

As a result of the exhibition held the importance of the use of audio and visual media came into being for effective teaching and learning back in USA people started forming different association such as motion picture and these associations helped in distributing instructional materials all over USA and also propagated education.

The aims of introducing these materials by the school of throughout in Austria and those that attended the conference as to bring about effective teaching and learning process. Under education policy, schools were required to use different forms of instructional materials to facilitate learning, but these schools ended up not using term.

This was in 1995 when the colonial government a commission to consider the possibility of using radio and television in teaching and learning process. In the report of the commission, it was recommended that the materials (audio and visual aids) should be used.

        In 1957, the first educational media was introduced and also in 1959 television was used in enhancing effecting teaching/learning.

        Based on the above recommended, audio and visual materials or aid can be seen as an observable measure and capable of improving learning outcome. From the write of there, an economic teaching should try to improvise teaching aids in their schools, and also make appropriate use of instructional materials (audio and visual) in teaching-learning of social studies in different schools.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

        For successful survey there is need to focus attention on the following problems;

1.  How does the type of teacher trained or untrained affect the use of audio and visual aid?

2.  Is the quantity and quality of instructional materials (audio and visual) in the school affecting the effective teaching of the subject?

3.  Are the teachers using the available instructional aids adequately?

4.  The community and the government aware of the importance of teaching materials in the teaching of various subjects in Oredo Local Government Area?

5.  Is there proper maintenance in terms of repairing and servicing fo the audio and visual materials available?

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

        In carrying out the study, the researcher had a certain basis assumption of social studies?

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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