AVAILABILITY OF TEACHING AIDS IN THE TEACHING INTEGRATED SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

ABSTRACT

This project work was undertaken to survey the use of audio visual aids in the teaching and learning of Integrated sciencein some selected secondary school in Iyedarade Local Government Area of Edo State. To find solution to the problems which gave to undertaking the survey questionnaires were raised to check the availability use and the attitude of teachers towards audio/visual aids in language teaching in the selected secondary school in the local government areas of study. From the findings it was discovered that audio/visual aids are not available in schools therefore teachers teach the various language skills without the required basic aids. Recommendations were therefore made to the appropriate authorities to provide and maintain audio/visual aids in the teaching of Integrated scienceso as to enhance the promotion of learning among pupils towards improved yearly performance and daily use.  

TABLE OF CONTENT

Chapter one       

Introduction

Statement of the problem

Research questions

Delimitation and scope of the study   

Limitation of the study

Purpose of the study

Significance of the study

Chapter two       

Literature review

Chapter three     

Research methodology

Chapter four

Data analysis and discussion

Chapter five       

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendations

Bibliography

Questionnaire

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Teaching and learning activities are interesting when instructional materials are used effectively and efficiently in a classroom-teaching situation. It is necessary for the teacher in the learning of English in Nigeria to use visual aid material as instructional tools in order to make their teaching more interesting that is to arouse the learning interest, sustain their attention for effective learning. But the problem in many secondary schools in OSUN State as else where in Nigeria is that of the instructional material like audio/visuals are not available and even where they are, the teachers do not use them effectively.

The reason for this attitude may be because teachers engage themselves in so many other relevant or irrelevant activities. The desire and haste of some teacher to cover the syllabus or scheme of work instead of making their teaching more meaningful and imparting. Often time some teaching goals depend on material for planning and utilization of instructional material for some teacher the production of instructional material is only for passing their examination the training college and not for actual use in the classroom.

There is also problem of non-availability of audio/visual for which teachers alone may not be blamed. The heads often do not motivate the teacher in terms of providing instructional materials.

Furthermore, most school lack of funds and as a result, they find it difficult to purchase the required audio/visual aid.

Generally, failure to use audio/visual material in the teaching of Integrated scienceresult in lack of interest among student in learning activities which affect performance in school and pupils not being able to assimilate lesson at their own rate and pace.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM  

The secondary aim of this study is finding out all about the use of visual aid in teaching of English in some selected secondary schools in Iyedarade Local Government Area, Osun State.

It is observed that most teacher of Integrated sciencein the secondary school does not use audio/visual aid to promote learning of this crucial subject.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS.

For the purpose of this study, the following questions were posed.

1.                       Are audio/visual aid provided for use in the teaching of English in school?

2.                       Is it through the government provision that the aid are made available, or is it the school authority concerned that make the provision?  

DELIMITATION OF THE SCOPE OF STUDY

This study was conducted in selected secondary school in Iyedarade Local Government Area Osun State. For out of all the schools were randomly selected and the schools include.

a.     Iwo road grammar school gbongon .

b.     Oduduwa grammar school Ile Ife.

c.      Anglican secondary commercial grammar school Ile Ife St peter.

d.     Anglican grammar school Ile Ife Gbongon Odeomum Grammar School.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this project work is to identify the following.

1.     Making teaching and learning more interesting and giving student opportunity to participate.

2.     Examining the effect of audio/visual aid material in student’s performance.

3.     Identify some of the problem, which inhibit the use of audio/visual materials.

4.     Offering suggestion on how effectively and efficiently to with the use of audio/visual material.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study is to examine the importance of audio/visual aid in the teaching of reading Integrated sciencein secondary schools.

This study will aid in spelling pronunciation and fluency of student in reading

It will suggest meaningful way of handing the aid to bring about positive change in the student-reading pattern. It will also help to suggest relevant aid to be used for each of the class concerned it will as well suggest areas and how to make the aid available to the school that are lacking.

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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