ABSTRACT Financial transactions involving the use and movement of physical cash are gradually declining with the introduction of the CBN’s Cashless policy. This development has been of great concern to economist, the government of Nigeria and financial institutions. This aim of this study is to evaluate financial and economic transactions under the new CBN’s cashless policy and how the development has enhanced the financial sector of the economy of Nigeria. Concerning methodology, both primary and secondary data were used for the study. Respondents mostly bank employees and customers were issued well design and structured questionnaires to effectively examine the new developments brought about by the introduction of the cashless policy with respect to how financial transactions are being managed and the overall impact the cashless policy has had on the development of the financial sector of the economy of Nigeria. Hypotheses were formulated to test assumptions and claims generated from the study. The T-test was employed to test the statistical significance of the estimated parameter at a 5% level of significance. R-squared was used to test the measure of goodness of fit of the models developed for the study. Moreover, F-statistics was also used to test the joint statistical significance of the explanatory variable and the dependent variable. The study concludes that both cashless technological money i.e e-money and cash currency should be in the economy simultaneously, e-money alone cannot operate successfully in an economy except the few privileged will oppress the majority who are less-priviledged The development of innovative cashless banking has the potential to transform economic activity and achieve developmental goals. If an effective cashless banking system can be developed and the below recommendations are carried out then it will have desired impact on the Nigerian economy. Therefore, trusted central banks and governments must play a key role in promoting the development of popular forms of e-banking channels.
TABLE OF CONTENTCHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study 1.2 Statement of the Problem 1.3 Objectives of the Study 1.4 Research Questions 1.5 Hypotheses of the Study 1.6 Significance of the Study 1.7 Scope of the study References
CHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEW 2.0. Introduction 2.1. Conceptual Review 2.2.1. A Glimpse at Pre-Cashless Policy Era 2.1.2. Conceptualizing Cashless Economy 2.1.3 Cashless Policy and Electronic Payment via E-banking 2.1.4. Type of Electronic Banking 2.1.5. Challenges of Cashless Policy Implementation in Nigeria 2.1.6. Prospects of Cashless Policy 2.1.7. Relative Rationale and Impact of a Cashless Economy 2.2. Theoretical Review 2.2.1. Rogers’ Diffusion Theory 2.3 METHODOLIGICAL REVIEW 2.4. EMPIRICAL REVIEW 2.4. Summary of Literature References
CHAPTER THREERESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Research Design 3.3 Population 3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique 3.6 Sources of Data 3.7 Instrument for Data Collection 3.8 Data Analysis Technique References
CHAPTER FOURDATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Demographic Information of the Respondents 4.3 Analyzing Section B of the Questionnaire 4.4. Analysis of the research Hypothesis 4.4.1 Data Estimation and Evaluation Techniques Model Estimation
CHAPTER FIVESUMMAY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION 5.0. Introduction 5.1. Summary of Major Findings 5.2. Conclusion 5.3. Recommendation 5.4. Suggestion for further StudiesBIBLOGRAPHYRegression Results