THE EFFECTIVENESS AND OBSTRUCTS OF SANDCRETE AND CONCRETE BLOCK IN A FOUNDATION SYSTEM

 THE EFFECTIVENESS AND OBSTRUCTS OF SANDCRETE AND CONCRETE BLOCK IN A FOUNDATION SYSTEM

ABSTRACT  

It is a clear fact that bricks play a vital role in a foundation system of a building. And also that the strongness and weakness of a building depends solidly on the method(s) employed in moulding the bricks which are used in laying the foundation of a building.         This project has a report comprise the effectiveness and obstruct of both concrete and sandcrete blocks.          Also the area of application of both the sandcrete and concrete blocks are stated in chapter two of this report. Furthermore, the method, and steps employed in moulding a block is also emphasized. Finally, we students achieved our aims practically by moulding the blocks been used in this practical project personally which is hopeful that in future or job career that this experience will be useful and be a good ambassador of this institution.

TABLE OF CONTENT Title page                                                                                           i Certification                                                                                      ii Dedication                                                                                         iii Acknowledgement                                                                             iv Abstract                                                                                             v Table of Content                                                                                vi-viiiCHAPTER ONE 1.0     Introduction                                                                            1.1     Background of the Studies                                                      1.2     Aims and Objectives                                                                1.3     Scope of study                                                                         1.4     Observation of the project                                                       1.5     Limitation to the project                                                         

CHAPTER TWO 2.0     Literature Review                                                                     2.1     Concrete                                                     2.2     Cement                                                       2.3     Aggregates                                         2.4     Water                                                 2.5     Blocks 2.6     Characteristics of block

CHAPTER THREE 3.0     Research Methodology                                                                      3.1     Site Investigation                                                           3.2     Block Moulding                                          3.3     Tools used for block making                       3.4     Culvert                                                                

CHAPTER FOUR 4.0     Results and Analysis 4.1     Setting out the Building 4.2     Excavation 4.3     Foundation 4.4     Plastering 4.5     Flooring 4.6     Roofing                                            

CHAPTER FIVE 5.0     Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion 5.1     Summary 5.2     Recommendation  5.3     Conclusion References                                                                              

CHAPTER ONE1.0    INTRODUCTION 1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY This project work describes the practical experience of a construction of block moulding with concrete and sandcrete in the department of civil engineering and the faculty of engineering. This project provides a proven base of knowledge for effective use of theory being taught in the lecture room. A student being denied practical aspect of building, moulding of blocks, construction of culvert e.t.c. will not be relevant or performed brilliantly when called upon to supervise simple project, such student will not be able to defend his/her certificate after his/her educational career. From the background of Civil Engineering materials, it is known that it has not teen stated that sandcrete block with the mixture of sand and cement or other constituents can also be used as alternative for blocking materials. According to the research of different soils engineer’s textbooks and from internet. It has not been discovered that sandcrete hollow block can be used as alternates for sandcrete materials. According to Ravindrok and Jackson [civil engineering materials 1990] and various applied researchers are able to mention the materials, which are available for sandcrete materials, such as sand, cement and water. Depending in the project, sandcrete blocks have became obvious useful in different types of civil engineering work in the past and recent times all sandcrete bricks have similar uses, their properties differ in some respect depending on the materials used and method of manufacture to understand these properties. It is essential that sandcrete blocks are to be used the general prevention of the product and satisfactory behaviour in services is highly important. 1.2    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES The aim and objectives of this project is to have a practical experience on how a block is constructed using the various construction tools. 1. To enlighten the students in the used of different engineering tools for different job. 2. To enlightens the civil engineering student in the used of different works. 3. To let them known the ratio of each mix for a building construction work e.g. the ratio of block moldings, plastering and rendering e.t.c 4. To enable the student be able to identify different types of sand and when they are use for a 0onstrucfiOfl of a building. 5. To improve the standard of the student for better used. 6. To improve standard of learning in the faculty i.e. by building a block industry, store and reservoir for the development of the department. 7. To know the water absorption of different types of block and their densities.1.3    SCOPE OF STUDY The scope of the study limit on the practical experience of a building with reference to the construction of the department of Civil Engineering Block Industry in the steps taking in the construction, what should be put in place tools to be used, material which is require, quantity of material to be used as well on the price and cost of each material used throughout the project work.1.4    OBSERVATION OF THE PROJECT Our observation mostly, during this study and project is that the project has given to manly investigation research and different means of collecting data on the site, textbook, Internet and other ways of collecting data. It also helped us to have knowledge and understanding on the topic1.5    LIMITATION TO THE PROJECT These are the factors that make the execution of this project delayed, namely:

Time aspect Financial problem Mechanical problem Misunderstanding among the student Poor arrangement for commencement of the project 

Project Topics   Project Topics and Materials   

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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