This project is anchored on the design and construction of Tiles, windows and furniture involves in the conference room their method and pattern of construction, it’s advantages value and as well other valuable tool such as; working tools for the construction o tiles; (cement, white cement, fine aggregate e.t.c); tools for the construction of windows; (nails and screws, drills e.t.c) and also tools for the construction of furniture

Furthermore, the purpose of tiles, it values, it significance from other floor beauty materials, and also the types of tiles and the purposes of other types as differ. 

In addition too, this project covers the construction of different types of windows, even for the differential purpose, the value of different window structures as pertaining to it cost and the shapes as ficatured in the pictures .   


Title Page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgement iv

Abstract v

Table of content vi


1.0 Introduction 1

1.1 Aims and Objectives 2

1.2 Scopes of Study 3


2.0 Literature Review 4-

2.1Ceramics, Tiles, And Manufacturing process. 6

2.2 Methods of Manufacturing Ceramic tiles 8-9

2.3 Type Glazed Ceramic tiles 9

2.3.1 Glazed Ceramic tiles 10

2.3.2 Unglazed ceramic tiles 10

2.4 Ceramic floor tile manufactures 10

2.5 Packing grading and sorting of ceramic floor tiles 11

2.6Pattern formation with tiles 12

2.7 Methods of tiles placement 12 

2.8 Precaution that are necessary during tile placement 15

2.9 Materials used for  tiling 16 

2.10 Tools necessary for ceramic floor tile. 17

2.11 Construction method 18


 3.0 Introduction to Aluminium Window 21

3.1Important of window 21

3.2 Different types of material used for window 21

3.3Glass, Aluminium and Burglary Metal Frame glass 23

3.3.1 Aluminium24

3.3.2 Metals 26

3.4 Scope of project 27

3.5 Aim and objective 27 

3.6 Material used 28

3.7 Properties of Metal 29

3.8 Properties of Aluminium 30  

3.9 Properties of Glass 30

3.10 Properties of Rubber 31

3.11  Design and construction of Aluminium window and burglary 

Frame for office use.31

3.12 Finishing 32

3.13 Joint and connection 33

3.14 Safety Precaution 34


4.0 Material used for the Furniture 36 

4.1 Tools and equipment 37

4.2 Finishing 40


5.0 Conclusion 43

5.1 Recommendation 44




        A tile is a manufactured pieces of hard wearing materials such as ceramic, stone, metal used as a finishing floor and walls or other object such as table top used as ornamentals that add beauty to the surface applied either in buildings, offices and so on. Another category is the ceiling tile, made from light weight materials such as wood and mineral wool. 

       Tiles are used to form wall and floor coverings and can range from single square tiles to complete mosaic. Tiles are most often from ceramics, with a raft glazed finished, and also same other materials which are available such as glass, marble, granites, slates and reformed ceramic slurry which is cost in a mould and fired.

       In the past 20years, the technology surrounding porcelain and glass tiles had become more efficient, allowing for mass production. Similarly the invention automated tile line that used diamond, to cut and finished stone slabs into tiles has made stone tile more available. This is in term as allowed these tiles to move from beings riche items into broader markets.

       The ceramic tile demand index has shown a growth of 55% annually for the year 2000-2005 periods. The OSAN world demand for finished granite index has shown a growth of 14% annually for the year 2000-2005 periods. Hence, OS market for ceramic is about 3billion. 


  The main aim of the project is to remodelling the conference room using tiles as the floor finishing and with the following objectives. 

⦁ To improve the floor surface finishing by laying tile on the floor.

⦁ To carry out investigation on various type of tiles which are available for used. 

⦁ To provide the bill of quantities floor tiles construction with estimation of each materials used.

⦁ To know the various methods involved in laying floor tiles.

⦁ Also to know various materials, equipment and tools used in floor tiles construction.


    This project entails the production of bill of quantities and construction of offices floor tiles and the processes of construction of floor tiles finishing.

⦁ To allow for routine maintaining of a floor surface

⦁ To improve the floor surface damp proofness



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