PRINCIPAL MANAGEMENT AND EDUCATIONAL REPROCESS AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
In recent times, education stakeholders have expressed their concern over the poor performance of students in business education at the school certificate examination. Some blamed the school administrators (principals) and the teachers while some blamed the students themselves and the parents. Whoever is to be blamed, the fact remains that, the school and its organizational management have a correlation with the academic performance of the students. Leith (2004). The school principal who is the manager has a lot of roles to play in the academic achievement of the students. Ruth et all (1979) Wekessa (1997) Olagboye (2004) noted that to improve students’ performance, principals or managers are required first to improve the management of the schools.
This can be done if the principal set a clear vision for the schools, exhibit instructional leadership, and also allow for team spirit in the school. Lack of vision in the management of school often leads to an imbalance in the allocation of and use of resources. This is why Ayot and Briggs (1992) noted that the academic achievement of students depends on effective leadership. The principal is the chief executive of the school. He has some administrative tasks to perform such as supervision of instructional programs in the school, management of school personnel, management of school finance, maintenance of student welfare services, and establishment of good community relations. His or her failure to perform these tasks effectively and efficiently will affect the tone of the school and the achievement of academic goals. (Nwankwo 1982 and Peretomode 1991). In the discharge of these tasks, the manager is expected to plan, control, organize, coordinate and direct human and non-human resources in the organization in order to achieve the goals of the organization. (Adeleke 2001 and Onifade 2004) Nigeria's education system is largely examination-oriented. Hence the poor performance of students in examinations is always attributed to the school administration where the principal is at the helm of affairs.
The poor performance of students in business studies had been largely attributed to poor management of the principals. It appears that most principals fail to monitor, and disseminate current information on educational issues and modern teaching techniques to teachers in the schools. This has been a source of concern to the government and education stakeholders. Observation shows that most schools both in rural and urban are not well equipped with learning materials, enough teachers, computers were not available which could have prepared the students for electronic examination in the future Even in some urban schools where computers were available the epileptic supply of electricity has limited their use. A consideration of the above posed a challenge to the administrative effectiveness of the principal. The inability of some principals to encourage team spirit, among teachers, poor human relations with teachers, and inconsistent classroom visitations are all hindrances to effective learning and teaching. A principal who properly exercises his or her leadership responsibility will enable his or her school to realize good academic achievement. This argues the fact that effective management of the organization is a prime contributory factor in achievement (Chitiavi, 2002). Teachers are not exempted from the controversy on the poor performance of students in secondary school examinations. The poor attitude of teachers to teaching and lack of professional development contribute to the poor academic performance of students. A critical look at the students’ academic performances in business studies over the year shows that much work is expected to be performed by principals and teachers in order to improve the level of academic performance in secondary schools in the state. It is against this background that this study investigated the role of principal’s organizational management on the academic achievement of students in secondary schools in the Rivers States.
Statement of the general problem
The poor performance of students in business studies has persisted despite the fact secondary schools are assumed to be having well-qualified students from primary schools, trained and qualified principals. The reasons for poor performance cannot be easily discerned without focused investigation. This implies that much work is being expected to be performed by teachers and principals in order to improve the level of students’ academic performance in secondary schools. This study therefore aimed at focusing on the role of the principal who is at the helm of affairs of the school on the academic achievement of the students in secondary school.
Aims and objectives of the study
The following are the aims and objectives for undertaking this study
To know if principal management influences students’ performance in business studies in ObioakporLGA To know if educational reprocess influences students’ performance in business studies in ObioAkpor LGA To recommend ways of ensuring high students’ performance in business studies in ObioAkpor LGA.
The following research questions guided the study.
What are the principals’ organization skills that influenced the academic achievement of the student? Which academic activities do the principal need to participate in to help improve the academic performance of students? Does educational reprocess influence students’ performance in Business studies?
H0: principal management does not significantly influence students’ academic performance in business studies. H1:principal management significantly influences students’ academic performance in business studies.
Significance of the study
This study would be useful to secondary school management in ensuring improved academic performance across the secondary schools in the local government. This study would be useful to the state ministry of education i9n ensuring the admission of quality teachers which should enhance the academic performance of students in business studies. This study would be useful to stakeholders in education.
Scope of the study
This study is on principal management and educational reprocess and students’ performance in business studies in obio/akporlga of rivers state.
Limitation of the study
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, and interview). Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted to the research work.
Definition of terms
Business studies: the study of economics and management, especially as an educational topic. Reprocess:to treat or prepare (something) by a special method again Management: the process of dealing with or controlling things or people.
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