1.1       Background of the Study  

Poor academic performance according to Aremu, (2005) is a performance that is adjudged by the examinee or testee and some other significant as falling below an expected standard. Poor academic performance has been observed in Technical Colleges in Bauchi State which stress that the academic failure is not only frustrating to the pupils and the parents, its effects are equally grave on the society in terms of dearth of manpower in all spheres of the economy and politics. Technology education is supposed to be bedrock and the foundation toward vocational and engineering courses in Universities, Polytechnics and Monotechnics in Nigeria. It is an investment that is as well as an instrument that can be used to achieve a more rapid economic, social, political, technological, scientific and cultural development in the country.

Morakinyo,(2007) believe that the falling level of academic performance which is attributed to teachers’ non use of verbal reinforcement strategy. One of the greatest problems facing Nigerian Educational system is lack of an established and constantly used bench mark for assessing teachers’ effectiveness practically on graduation, recruitment, promotion and day-to-day fitness for the job.

FRN, (2006) recognized that no education system can rise above the quality of its teachers’ and thereby demanded that teacher education programmes in Nigeria should be structured to equip teachers for the effective performance of their duties, but the bench mark for teachers’ performance toward poor academic performance is theoretically and utopially set. Theoretically, because of the assumption that teacher effectiveness correlates positively or equate with the theoretical curriculum which the teacher graduate from. Utopially, because of the paper qualification (certification and degrees) are assumed to speak directly for teachers’ performance. Now the fact remains that not all holders of certificates or degree in Nigeria can be effective in their job performance especially at the present level of proliferation of education programmes nationwide (satellite campuses, affiliation programmes, evening programmes, distance learning programmes and Open University Programmes). These resulted to the noted problems of persistent student’s poor academic performance, loss of interest, poor attribute to lessons and programmes mostly in Basic Electricity in Technical College in Bauchi State. (NABTEB, 2006 and Ama, 2006). Teacher effectiveness is simply the ability of the teaching activities of the teacher to produce the expected good learning outcome on the learner bad or negative effects are excluded in teacher performance in research.

Therefore, teacher effectiveness is the production of expected good learning outcomes (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) by the good teaching behaviours from the students. Technical college students are familiar with radio, television, computers, pressing irons, refrigerators and other electronic devices. In this study, knowledge and repair skills of television sets are the basis of modern electronics maintenance and servicing trade and have found wide application in technical colleges (Yalam and Fatuku, 2007). They further pointed out that it is important to familiarize students with the knowledge of Basic Technology because the knowledge of the device is relevant and useful in learning technical subjects.

1.2       Statement of the ProblemThe differential scholastic achievement of students in Nigeria has been and still a source of concern and research interest to educators, government and parents. This is so because of the great importance that education has on the National development of the country.

All over the country, there is a consensus of opinion about the fallen standard of education in Nigeria (Adebule, 2004). Parents and government are in total agreement that their huge investment on education is not yielding the desired dividend. Teachers also complain of students’ low performance at both internal and external examination not only in Basic Electricity as a subject. It is apparent that there is an astronomical decline in students’ academic achievement in Basic Electricity in Technical Colleges in Bauchi State. Lack of success can lead to inappropriate behaviour and frustration on the part of student (Igbo, 2007).    

1.3       Purpose of the StudyThe major purpose of this study is to assess the factors responsible for the poor academic performance of student in Basic Electricity in Bauchi State. Specifically, this study will focus on the following objectives;

To find out the qualification possessed by teachers’ teaching Basic Electricity as a subject. To determine the instructional strategies by which the teachers’ uses in teaching Basic Electricity as a subject.  To determine the teachers’ personality towards teaching Basic Electricity as a subject. To determine teacher-students ratio for teaching Basic Electricity as a subject. To determine the level of teachers’ mastery of the subject.

1.4       Significance of the StudyThe findings of this study will benefit students, teachers, Ministry of Education (MOE), National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) and to all technical colleges in Bauchi State. To the students, the benefits comes in line with their research while allow them to have an idea of the problem and to find out the possible solutions in their research. To the teachers, the benefits can create a change in strategies for teaching and allow teachers to learn from his/her mistakes during teaching and to also determine whether the students are following. Most teachers don’t adapt to appropriate teaching method and this can affect students, they believe in their self too much and at the end they make the same mistake others did in the past but by using a research like this can guide and put teachers through without having the problem of massive failure. To the Ministry of Education (MOE), a research like this can be acknowledged and be used in the future in case similar problem occur. So therefore, it is also beneficial to this organization if it is required. To the National Board for Technical Education (NBTE), most technical colleges in Nigeria follow the footsteps of this organization which guide them on how the curriculum should be and if problem like poor academic performance in a particular subject and looking for possible solutions to the problem, finding out the nature and cause of the problem. So therefore, using a research like this can be used to find out the likely problems and solutions to the problem. To all technical colleges in Bauchi State, a research like this can also benefit institutions like this because the colleges can adapt to some of the possible solution provided in this research as a guide to the problem and also benefit the students in technical colleges in Bauchi State.   In conclusion of my findings of this study, will enable the employers and technical education to understand to understand their roles and participate effectively in training skilled personnel through constant interaction with one another. It is also hoped that government as a model for linking industries through which functional technological training can be obtained will use the findings of the study.1.5       Research QuestionThe following research questions guides the study;

What are the qualifications possessed by teachers’ teaching Basic Electricity as a subject? What are the instructional strategies by which teachers’ uses in teaching Basic Electricity as a subject? What are the teachers’ personalities towards teaching Basic Electricity as a subject? How to determine what teacher-students ratio required in teaching Basic Electricity as a subject? To what level do teachers’ mastery Basic Electricity as a subject?

1.6       Scope of the StudyThis study is limited to some teachers’ related factors which will cover teachers’ qualification, instructional strategies to be used, teachers’ personality towards teaching, teacher-students ratio required for teaching and teachers’ mastery of the subject. 



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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper

    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)


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