Decision is the point at which plans, policies and objectives are translated into concrete action.  It is noted that Managers, do consider decision making to be the heart of their job in that they must always choose what is to be done, they influences the ordinary employees in decision making.

The objective of the research is to know the impact of employees participation in decision making on organizational productivity in Nigerian public sector organizations.

Structural questionnaires were administered to 210 respondents which include the management (senior) and intermediate staff of the company, through the employees participating in the decision making will result to high productivity in the organization.

Data collected are analysed in a tabular form using a simple percentage of formular to get the findings.  The results were discussed in terms of the need for the employee to participate in the decision making in an organization to boost productivity.


Cover page

Title page

Approval page




Table of contents

List of Tables


1.0             Introduction

1.1     Background of study

1.2     Statement of problems

1.3     Purpose of the study

1.4     Scope of the study

1.5     Research Hypothesis

1.6     Significance of the study

1.7     Limitation of the study

1.8     Definition of Terms


2.0             Review of Related Literature

2.1     The Concept of participation

2.2     Factors that influence participation

2.3     Prerequisites for participation

2.4     Forms of Employees participation

2.5     Different needs for participation

2.6     View Expressed

2.7     Constraints to participate

2.8     Argument for participation

2.9     Argument against participation



3.0             Research Design and Methodology

3.1     Research Design

3.2     Area of the study

3.3     Population of the study

3.4     Sample and Sampling procedure

3.5     Instrument for data collection

3.6     Validation of the instrument

3.7     Reliability of the instrument

3.8             Method of data collection

3.9             Method of data analysis



4.0             Data Presentation and Analysis

4.1     Presentation and Analysis of Data

4.2     Testing of Hypothesis

4.3     Summary of Results



5.0             Discussion, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1     Discussion of Result/Findings

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Implications of Result/Findings

5.4     Recommendations

5.5     Suggestions for further research





1.1             BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

It should be known first that a decision is a choice whereby a person forms a conclusion about a situation Costello, I Wand Zalkind, S.S. (1963 p. 334), confined the term decision making, to a choice process, choosing one from among several possibilities.  However, election theory in Costello, T.W. et al (1963, p. 387) largely considers decision as asking the process of making a single choice among course of action at a particular point in time.  This depicts a course of behaviour about what must be done or vice versa.

Decision, however, is the point at which plans, policies and objectives are translated into concrete actions.  Planning engenders decision guided by company policy and objectives, policies, procedures and programmes.  The aim of decision making is to channel human behaviour towards a future goal.

Decision making is one of the most germane activities of management.  It has been the preoccupation of all the management of multifarious organization ranging from small-scale organization to multinational corporations.

Managers many at times consider decision making to be the heart of their job in that they must always choose what is to be done, who will do it, when, where and most of the time how it will be done.

Traditionally, managers influence the ordinary employees and specifically, their immediate subordinate in the organization.  This has resulted in managers making natural decision even in area affecting their subordinates.  In Germany, around 1951, a law enacted which provides for code termination and requires labour membership in the supervisory board and executive committee of certain large corporations.  However, the participation of labour in decision making process results to relatively and peacefully labour management relations.

Additionally, the Japanese management WSES decision making by concerns us in which lower – level employee initiate the reaches the desk of the top executive.  If the proposal is approved, it is returned to the initiator for implementation.

It is in this context, that the researcher wishes to assess the impact of employees participation in decision making on organisational productivity in Nigerian Public Sector organization, using Nestle Nigeria as a case study.


There has been a lot of controversy as to whether an employee should participate in managerial decision making or not.  Some writers argued that employees where it affects them or their jobs, it is expected that such participation will serve as training and testing ground for future members of upper management.

In Nigeria, experts that refuted the above assertion see the arrangement as a symptom of malorganisation.  They maintained that, qualified, reasonably, honest and company oriented individuals are not available at these lower organizational level.  But the big question is, are qualified individuals really available?  All these underlay the need for investigation study.


The general purpose of this empirical study is to assess the impact of employees participation in managerial decision making in public sector organization in Nigeria with reference to Nestle Nigeria Ltd.

1.       To assess the impact of employees participation in management decision making.

2.       To ascertain the impact of employees participation or non-participation in management decision on productivity of the organization.

3.       To make recommendation based on the research findings.

1.4             SCOPE OF THE STUDY:

This research work focuses particularly on the impact of employees participation in decision making and organizational productivity using Nestle Nigeria Lagos as a case study.

1.5             RESEARCH QUESTIONS:

In a view to accomplishing this research work effectively, the research poses the following:

1.       Do management staff make decision without per and post discussion and consultation with employees?

2.       Do management change decision when rejected by employees?

3.       To what extent do employees participate in decision making?

4.       How often do employees meet to discuss without managers?

1.6             RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS:

The researcher formulates the following hypothesis base on the objectives and problems of this research work.

Ho:     Management staff makes decision without per and post discussion and consultation with employees.


This research work will be relevant to the managers and employees of Anammco Company.

It will also be beneficial to other public sector organization in Nigeria – it will also be of prodigious importance to government, academically, potentially and future researches on the issue of employee participation in managerial decision making.  This empirical study is also germane to the researcher since it is a partial requirement for the award of Higher National Diploma in Business Administration and Management.

1.8             LIMITATION OF THE STUDY:

A work of this nature is not easy to consummate or accomplish.  And, as a result, financial problem, time constriaints, apathy on the part of the respondents and bureaucratic procedures involved in releasing data seriously affected the study.


1.       Decision Making:  The selection from among alternative of

a course of action.

2.       Management:        Management is made up of top and middle level

management.  Top management include shareholder, Board of Directors, Managing Director, or Chief Executive/General Manager (i.e management above departmental level), middle management includes Heads of Department, Managers, Deputy and Assistant Managers.

3.       Productivity:         A measure of how well resources are brought

together in organization and utilized for accomplish a set of results.

4.       Germane:              Relevant, important, pertinent.

5.       Heart of their job:  As it is used in the research work means

their main job.     


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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper

    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)


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