This project title “causes and effect of labour turnover” with particular reference to okin Biscuit Limited, Iyagbo, Kwara State is to recognise the causes and effects of labour turnover in a business organisation and on the business sales volume.

The first chapter, which is an intorduction chapter, it contains statement of the problem, objective of the study, scope of the study, the significance of the study, limitation of the study and definition of terms.

Chapter two on the other hand deals with literature review, which examines the various definitions and plulosophy of the causes and effects of labour turnover in a business organisaiton. It also contains supervisory behavior and employee turnover, effect of motivation on labour turnover, expectation of management towards labour turnover, calculation of labour turnover.

Chapter three describes the research methodology, which examine historical background of the case study, source of data collection, research population, research instrument and techniques. That is it designed of the research and the procedure use.

Chapter four, it comprises of analysis of data and data presentation of the various data gathered and the analysis of the hypothesis tested.

Chapter five summarise the whole project work, it also contained the summarize the whole project work, it also contained the summary of findings conclusion and recommendation.






Table of contents




1.0 Background of the study

1.1 Statement of the problem

1.2 Aims & Objectives of the study

1.3 Scope of the study

1.4 Significance of the study

1.5 Limitations of the study

1.6 Statement of research hypothesis

1.7 Definition of Terms & ConceptsCHAPTER TWO


2.0 Review of Related Literature

2.1 Types of Labur Turnover

2.2 Factors Affecting laboour Turnover

2.3 Productive in organisaiton

2.4 Development employement interest in high

2.5 Productivity meansurements and their significance

2.6 Effects of laboour Turnover or organisaitonal productivity

2.7 Supervisory behaviour and employee Turnover

2.8 Effect of motivation on labour turnover

2.9 Expectation of management towards labour turnover

2.10 Calculation of labour turnover



3.0 Methods of data collection

3.1 Population of the study

3.2 Sample size and sampling method

3.3 Administration of the instruments

3.4 Validity and reliability of the research Instruments.

3.5 Historical background of the case study



4.1 Data Analysis

4.2 Test of hypothesis

4.3 Data interpretation


5.0 Summary, conclusion and recommendation

5.1 Summary of the major findings

5.2 Conlusion of the study

5.3 Recommendation of the study





There is a vast literature on the causes of voluntary employee turnover dates back to 1950. By developing various factors that combined a number of factors contorting to turn\over. Labour turnover is an outward flow of workers i.e the sailed, unskilled and semi-skilled labour as a result of their own or employer’s decision. This implies that the exist of workers could be voluntary of involuntary. Labour turnover in an organiza\tion becomes problem to the organization, if it does not quicly taken into consideration, this is so especially when an organization does not seek for immediate especially when an organization does not seek for immediate replacement for competent and qualified labour.

Lanbour turnover could be caused by, many factors, madequate wage levels leading to employees moving to competitors, poor morale and low levels of motivation with the work frocas cercruiting and selectinhjng the wron g employees in the first employment.

High labour turnover without adequate replacement causes performance to fall below expectation. Productivity it self cannot be achieved without efficient labour.

Labour turnover does not just create cost, some level of labour turnover is important to bring new ideas, skills andf enthusiasm to the labour force.

The dissatisfied of workers find it difficult top adjust to rigid requirement which will simply result to labour turnover, absentees, work stoppage such as strike and lockout.


This study will identify various problems that an organization will face with labour turnover and the problems includes the following:

1. What labour the contribute to labour turnover? Does labour turnover receive enough attention form the organization?

2. What are the various labour turnover occur in an organization?

3. Form the aforementioned facts labour turnover need to be addressed by paying attention to workers needs because this will go along way to improve productivity of the workers.


The objective of the study are to examine the effect of labour turnover in an organization.

1. To examines the effect of reward system on labour turnover this shows whether motivation or reward have negative or positive impact on the workers.

2. To examine the effect of supervision on labour turnover, the relationship between the supervisdion and workers, will be used as major tool in determining the effectiveness of the organization.


This study is based on labour which is the most important aspect of every organization without labour effective. In the sense that labour is all human efforts both skilled and unskilled directed towards production. When we are talking about labour, also necessary to know what abour likewise it cannot evade the effort. Although, all labours are mobiles, but the ,mobility of the skilled labour is highy noticed in the labour market. This research basically show the problems facting an organization on labour turnover to organizational productivity, improvement in production sections.


This study is aimed at focusing on the causes and effect of labour turnover, in business organization. So there are some of the areas of those who benefit from it.

1. The organization of the research work and other organization.

2. The Management students.

3. We researcher aimed other researchers.

4. It will be great important to production to minimize labour turnover, in the organization resources.

5. It will also serves as reference to industrial organization wishing to improve the labour productivity of labour will serves as sing of development for the organization.


1. The time allocated for writing this project work fell within a semester along with other academic commitment such as lecture assignment, test e.t.c 

2. There is adequate find constitute problem in the area of traveling to get adequate information no area of data collection.

3. The researcher could not have opportunity to attend any seminar pertaining to this study.


The two hypothesis to be postulated is for clarify and brevity? Which would be tested in chapter for this project. The hypothesis are tested below in which ho is null hypothesis while it is the alternate hypothesis.

1. Ho: That babour turnover have causes and effects on business organization.

Hi: That labour turnover, does not have causes and effects on business organization.

2. Ho: That labour turnover increases organization profitability.

Hi: That labour turnover, does not increases organization profitability.


1. Administrators: Persons who administer: it also a little used for some managerial position such as the administration of bank.

2. Allocation: A quality of resources allocated for a particular items in speaking about money, a travel allocation would be an amount of money, set aside for travel.

3. Appraise: To assess the value of a property, a person’s job performance of other items of value.

4. Bankrupt: A legal or economic term that means insolvency or in ability to pay one’s department.

5. Effectiveness: The extent to which the designed result is realized frequently compared with efficiency Employee satisfaction: The degree to which employee need are met a relative measure.

6. Hygeine factor: A construct in Herzbery theory of motivation factor that do not motivate positively but that could demotivate if handled poorly. 

7. Labour: This refers to the human of any kingf, physical or mental directed at the production of goods and service.

8. Labour turnover: This is the measurement of the number of employee leaving a company.

9. Management: It is an activity that involve coordination of al the resources of an organization through the process of planning organizing, directing and controlling in order to obtain organization objective effectively efficiently.

10. Organization: It is a rational coordination of the activities of a number of people for the achievement of some common explicit goal through division of labour function or through hierarchy of authority.



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