IMPACTS OF SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISES ON EMPLOYMENT CREATIONS IN LAGOS STATE (A study of selected SBEs in Lagos State)

ABSTRACT

The focus of this study is on “Impacts of small business enterprises on employment creation in Lagos State. Small Business Enterprises are the vocal discuss and objective of this research is to ascertain the role of SBEs assumed to have played in terms of employment creation among others.

The survey research method was employed and questionnaires were used to collect the necessary data from respondents.

To achieve these objectives, a 5 point Likert Scale was developed and validated to collect information from a sample of 50 respondents. Representing employees from the selected SBEs. the findings from the result obtained showed that small business enterprises has positive impacts on employment creations in Lagos State and the availability of infrastructural provision on small business enterprises have impacts on employment creation in Lagos State.

It was however recommended that government should encourage small business enterprises with the provisions of basic requirements, financial supports, enable environment and stability in the polity so as to minimize unemployment in Nigeria.                     

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                                                i

Certification                                                                         ii

Dedication                                                                              iii

Acknowledgement                                                                  iv

Abstract                                                                                  v

Table of Contents                                                                   vi

CHAPTER ONE:

INTRODUCTION

1.0       Background to the Study                                           1                

1.1       Statement of the Problem                                            5

1.2       Objectives of the Study                                               6                          

1.3       Research questions                                                      7

1.4       Research hypotheses                                                   8

1.5       Significance of the Study                                            8                          

1.6       Scope and de-limitation of work                                9

1.7       Outline of chapters                                                      9

1.8       Definition of terms                                                       11

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0       Introduction                                                                 12                       

2.1        Theoretical definitions of  Small Business Enterprises   13

2.2       Characteristics of    Small Business Enterprises     14

2.3       Financing  of Small Business Enterprises                17                                              

2.4       Relevance of Small Business Enterprises                  20

2.5       The problem facing Small Business Enterprises      21

2.6       Roles of Small Business Enterprises                         24

2.7       Solutions of Small Business Enterprises                  25

2.8       Employment creation output and production growth    27

2.9        Small Business Enterprises as a tool for

employment creations in Lagos State                        29

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.0       Introduction                                                                 33

3.1       Restatement of research question                              33              

3.2       Restatement of research hypotheses                         34

3.3       Research Design                                                          35

3.4       Population of the study                                               35

3.5       Target population                                                        36    

3.6       Sample and sampling techniques                              36

3.7       Data collection                                                             37

3.8       Research instrument                                                   38

3.9       Validity and reliability of the study                            39

3.10    Limitation of the study                                                38  

3.11    Methods of data analysis                                            39

CHAPTER FOUR:

DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSES AND INTERPRETATION

4.0       Introduction                                                                 40                       

4.1       Analysis   of personal data of respondents                40

4.2       Evaluation of research hypothesis                             43

4.3       Hypothesis one                                                             47

4.4       Hypothesis two

CHAPTER FIVE:

DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.0       Introduction                                                                 51

5.1       Discussion of Findings                                                51

5.2       Conclusion                                                                   53

5.3       Recommendations                                                        53

Bibliography                                                                 56

Questionnaires                                                            58

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0      BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 

Small business enterprise plays a key role in expanding and diversifying industrial production and also contributes to such objectives as employment generation, poverty eradication, improved income distribution and fulfilling basic needs of most developing countries.

Small business enterprises was defined by the Central bank of Nigeria in it’s guideline that it is any business organization with an annual turnover of less than five hundred thousand naira. (CBN Guide (2002).

Small business enterprise may be seen as a business which is independently owned and managed and which does not dominate its relevant market segment of interest (Griffin and Ebert, 1999) Unemployment is undoubtedly a big challenge to any government, development planner the private sector and society at large. This is why it is very important to pay particular attention to the creation of employment because according to Tomori (1998), the consequence of unemployment (whether prolonged or short-term), leaves a scar on every individual, family or country that is faced with the problem.

In the first instance, the degree of frustration and poverty experienced by the unemployed person who is willing to work but cannot find a job is considerable. His or her frustration could be transformed into violence or crime, which in-turn whether collective or individual can shake up any political system and cause instability. Second, the loss of income to individuals and households is equally great; the under-utilization of labour resources create poses a difficult problem for society in terms of the wastage in manpower resources which may have probably been expensively trained. Small business enterprises have been favored as institutions that are capable of providing solutions to the high level of unemployment menacing the country. Small business enterprises is an independent business which is managed and which does not dominate its relevant market segment  of  interest, managed by its owner or part owner and has a small market share (Bolton Report, 2006).

Today, the unemployment problem has eaten even deeper into fabrics of the Nigeria  society  and threatened her economic growth, much more than was bargained for and has left little to be desired indeed, the situation has deteriorated to the level  that graduates of higher institution spend  up to three to four years at home after graduation without any sign of “white-collar” jobs coming their ways, thus, it has been argued that people who lose their jobs or are prematurely relieved from active civil service, pensioners delinquent youths, unemployed graduates even suffers of HIV/AIDS, all of these groups, and many others, could solve their problems of unemployment by starting a business of their own in the small business enterprises (SBEs).

Small business enterprises believed to be the engine room for the development of any economy because they form the bulk of business activities in a growing economy like that of Lagos State. This is manifested in the following ways.   

  1. Employment generation capacity of about fifty percentage of global working population
  2. Small business enterprises constitute major avenues for income generation and participation in economic activities in the lower income and developing societies.    
  3. National economic development prospects hangs on entrepreneurial energy of vibrant small business as most big business concern grew from small scale to become big icons.
  4. As they grow they protect nations from the geographical cost benefit permutations of a few multinational who are ever prepared to close up their business and relocate at the slightest provocation or appearance of economic downturn.

1.1   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM                                       

For any economy to be developed, people must be prepared to place their money or resources on short-term and long term investment and bear business risks.  In Nigeria, there was lack of authentic up to date information on the role played by small Business Enterprises towards economic growth and development and most especially through creation of job opportunities for the people (AJALA E.M 1999)

The irregular government policies, poor financial aid and poor infrastructural problems that ginger the cost of production, make the   small business enterprises to be baffling with survival rather than creation of employment as expected. As a result the researcher intends to find out at what rate has SBEs in Nigeria create employment.  

1.2   OBJECTIVES OF STUDY   

The major objective of this study is to determine the role played by small business enterprises in generating employment opportunities for the people of Lagos State in order to enhance the growth and development of the economy.  

  1. To examine the extent to which small business enterprises creates employment opportunities in Lagos State.
  2. To study the mechanism that assists and support small business enterprises and their contribution to employment generation.
  3. To examine how small business enterprises create employment opportunity in the manufacturing sector.
  4. To know if financial institutions encourages small business enterprises to achieve its predetermined objective.
  5. To study if infrastructural provision helps small business enterprises to grow in Lagos State.

1.3           RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.To what extent has Small Business Enterprises create employment opportunity in Lagos State?

2.    How does Small Business Enterprises improve the standard of living of average Nigerians?      

3.     Does financial institution help Small Business Enterprises to achieve it predetermined objectives?

4.     To what extent has Small Business Enterprises help to reduce unemployment rate in Lagos State?

5.     How does infrastructural provision help small business enterprise to grow in Lagos State?

1.4   RESEARCH HYPOTHESES         

Ho:   Small Business enterprises have no positive impact on employment creations in Lagos State.

Hi:    Small Business Enterprises have positive impact on employment creations in Lagos State

Ho:   The availability of infrastructural provision on Small Business Enterprises would not have any impact on employment generation in Lagos State.  

Hi:    The availability of infrastructural provision on Small Business Enterprises would have impact on employment generation in Lagos State.  

1.5   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY   

The significance of this study is very important to individual or groups, firms, and the nation at large. The following were some of the importance of this study?

  1. The study would assist as to know how small business enterprise aid in creating employment opportunities in Lagos State.
  2. The study would assist individual, firm and the nation in planning business by revealing all aspects of the intended business.
  3. The study would also aid prospective investors to fulfill the requirements of small business establishment.   

1.6   SCOPE AND DE-LIMITATION OF WORK

The research would be limited to a few selected Small Business Enterprises  in Ojo and Amuwo Odofin area of Lagos State.  

1.7   OUTLINE OF CHAPTERS  

Chapter one: Introduced us to the body of research work, in this chapter various textbooks and journals will be reviews to ascertain various thoughts on small business enterprises on employment creations in Lagos State.

Chapter Two: The means of literature review will be majorly through textbooks and journals to get a grasp of what small business enterprises is all about and how it leads to employment opportunities.

Chapter Three: research methodology is the term on how research will be carried out the primary and secondary data, research design will be adopted, and this will involves acquisition of various and relevant information concerning small business enterprises and employment creations in Lagos State.     

Chapter four: Data Analysis and interpretation is based on presentation of data, analyses and results testing of hypotheses and discussion for results. It explains how facts will be analyzed using statistical framework.

Chapter five: Summary and conclusion of main findings and recommendations will take place after completion          

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS  

Small Business: These are enterprises that are locally owned and managed often with very few workers. Small business enterprises have simple structure they often show attitudes and behaviours.  

Unemployment: It means a situation where able men and women have not job to do.

Economic Development: It means maturity of the quality and quantity of a goods produced in a county.

Economic Growth: It means quantitative increase in country’s input and output over a particular period of time.   

Working Capital: This means fund for acquiring and running small business     

.

Click Here To Get The Complete Project »

How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.