This research work was purposely evaluated the effects of the practice of ethics and social responsibility of management on attainment of business with consideration to the Promasidor Nigeria Limited and Nestle Nigeria Plc as the reference points and areas.

Different definitions of business ethics and social responsibility of management by various writers and scholars were considered. In all, business ethics is seen as a predominantly responsibility in the business system where it enable management to lead adequately while social  responsibility is all about a means to maintain and improve overall society welfare for increases in the viability of the business system and orderly legal society.

The research further indicate how a business organization should be ethically and socially responsible to whom to should be done and on what bases.

To this end, the ambiguous conception and perception about ethics and social responsibility in Nigeria and related were addressed while despites its importance, many business firms have not been to reap fill gains of practices of them due to their negative perception. At the end, suggestions are therefore recommended to the government and business organization for effectiveness.


CHAPTER ONE                                                   


1.0   Background of the Study

1.1   Statement of the Problem

1.2   Purpose of the Study

1.3   Research Questions

1.4   Statement of the Hypotheses

1.5   Scope of the Study   

1.6   Significance of Study       

1.7   Definition of Terms



Literature Review    

2.0       Historical Background of Promasidor Nigeria Limited

and Nestlé Nigeria Plc

2.1   Meaning of Ethics and Social Responsibility

2.2   The Concept of Ethics

2.3   Dimensions of Social Responsibility Involvement


Research Methodology    

3.0   Introduction    

3.1   Restatement of the Research Questions and Research


3.2   Research Design

3.3   Characteristics of the Study Population

3.4   Sample Design and Procedure

3.6   Question Design

3.7   Administration of Data Collection Instrument

3.8   Data Analysis Techniques and Procedures

3.9   Limitation of the Study



Results-Data Analysis and Presentation

4.0   Introduction

4.1   Respondents Group Characteristics and


4.2   Presentation and Analysis of Data

4.3   Testing of Hypotheses

4.4   Research Findings


5.1   Introduction

5.2   Summary of findings

5.3   Conclusion

5.4   Recommendations

5.5   Suggestion for further studies






Business is being run by management whom needs to display ethical behaviour and forgo the unethical activities but business is also part of the society and exerts considerable impact on the society.  Hence, management must assist to maintain and improve overall society welfare for increases in the viability of the business system and on orderly legal society.  These concepts of ethics and social responsibility of management in business is one of determinants in survivability of any well structured business organization.

Business ethics make responsibility predominantly in the business system and management to lead adequately with a consideration to the either classical view or socio-economic view of social obligation to the society and environ.

Alka (2011) Stated that Business ethics is a form of applied ethics that examined ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment.

Generally, behind the table of every business is the profit motive and behind its continuity is profit.  It is the profit motive that drives owners, shareholders into buying shares and private capital owners into investing their capital in business.  It is the profit motive that lead to goods and services being produced and it is the profit earning that ensures the continue existence and growth of the business.  Meanwhile, this is not to say that immediate profit should be responsible in the growth, survived adaptation of an organization cannot be over emphasized.

Ibekwe, (1984) emphasized that an ethics and a social responsibility neglected by a business at a particular time, a poor quality good delivered to customer in the course of seeking immediate profit could result in loss in product corporate image of the business.  In the present day highly competitive market of branded goods, a bad image could be very devastating.  As sales may subsequently go down, profit making could be seriously affected.

According to Daniel and Koontz (1983), no question has received more attention by businessmen, government, politician and people in general in the past few years except question in new being addressed with an increasing frequency by government agencies and other parastatals, universities, non-profit foundation, charitable organization and so on.  It in view of this that businesses are today much more ethical and socially responsible than before.  Businesses are interested not just in the quality of goods and services they produce but also in continue their business environment.  They appreciate but a good image and acceptability of their products and services by the public could mean substantial enhancement of long-run profit.

A loss in image could have a negative effect on the business social responsibility, but as a result of greater influence and pressure from groups like labour responsiveness to social needs, could make the business more responsive.

However, Daniel and Koontz (1983) reformed to social responsibility as an idea that is appropriate and desirable for business to consider and work with as it pursues its economic goals.  In other words the business is contigent on balancing the social responsibility with basic economic and social goals.


Firstly, the existence of business ethics; Business is an entity that need to have norms, values and attitudes within its environment.  Thus, to act in an ethical fashion is to conform to some standard of moral behaviour.  The management is in driver’s sect in business but how do they works with business ethics necessary.

Secondly, how is the management has extreme power to influence societal conditions: Management is the decision maker in business, determine position of business and organization but management must assist to maintain and improve overall society welfare.

Thirdly, how effective practice of ethical and social responsibility of an organization tend to have influence or management activities on business profitability and survivability.  It results in the creation of loyal and satisfied consumers while society gives business a chance to solve social problems that government has failed to solve because business is part of the society.

Lastly, impact of social responsibility on the business activities especially its effect on corporate image and profit level of a firm: All goods and services produced by the organization are mainly for the company’s return and for the use of the people within the environment.  The business organization must take study and research of environment and market in which is operating to identify social needs in terms of education, scholarship, infrastructure, sponsoring, health improvement, etc., to place its image (corporate) on mast-head so as to make its products acceptable and profit level maximize.


This study aims to know whether social responsibility and ethics in business is related to corporate image of an organization.  It is to examine practice of social responsibility and indicate whether it has relationship with profitability of the company and customers’ patronage.

The result of the study will assist business firms to know what they stand to gain and loose if they are ethically and socially responsible.  It will help to correct the impression that business firm should not be socially responsible due to the cost of engaging in such programmes.


The researcher will examine the relationships and possible explanations.  Therefore, research question in the problem aforementioned are the following:

-              Does Nigerian firms ethically in business?

-              Is it competitive pressures resulting in unethical behaviour of the management?

-              Does a business ethic bring about good and lasting product corporate images?

-              Does businesses are much more ethical and socially responsible today than before?

-              Does quality and quantity only determine profitability of a product and business

-              Does this company and business is social responsible

-              Is it socio-economic view of social responsibility lead to attainment of business goal?

-              Is it ethical and moral for management to be socially responsible?

-              Does it results in the creation of loyal and satisfied consumers/customers?

-              Is it a negation of the main organization’s objective of profit maximization?

-              Is there any lack of broad public support for the involvement of management in social issues?

-              Is there any social audit effectiveness from the business firm?

-              Does an ethical concept change from time to time or between cultures?

-              Does ethics in business and social responsibility helps in attaining business goal viably.


In order to ensure the reliability of this study, it based on some assumptions.  The following assumptions will be tested and determined by the means of the statistical method.  However, the researcher will be guided by the following hypotheses.

HO:    Nigerian firms were not ethically in business

HI:     Nigerian firms were ethically in business

HO:    Competitive pressures are not resulting to unethical behaviour of the management

HI:     Competitive pressures are resulting to unethical behaviour of the management

HO:    Business ethics and social responsibility does not bring about good and lasting product corporate image

HI:     Business ethics and social responsibility brings about good and lasting product corporate image

HO:    Business is not much more ethical and socially responsible today than before

HI:     Business is much more ethical and socially responsible today than before

HO:    Quality and quantity are not only determine profitability of a product and business

HI:     Quality and quantity only determine profitability of a product and business

HO:    Socio-economic view of social responsibility does not lead to attainment of business goal

HI:     Socio-economic view of social responsibility leads to attainment of business goal

HO:    Effectiveness of social audit of the business firm cannot enhances goal attainment

HI:     Effectiveness of social audit of the business firm enhances goal attainment

HO:    Ethics in business and social responsibility does not help in attaining business goal viably.

HI:     Ethics in business and social responsibility helps in attaining business goal viably.


This study will descriptively and empirically examine the relationship between business ethics, social responsibility and corporate image, emphasis on the effect of social responsibility and ethical nature on the profit level and goal attainment of Promasidor foods Nigeria Limited and Nestle Nigerian Plc.


This study is poised to establish an eagle-eye to the business ethics that could be major or minor in nations to business system with management functional ability in respect of the social obligation (responsibility) of an organization to its societal environment.  The problems, challenges embedded in these concepts, activities and influences on profit attainment and survivability of an organization.

The study will harmonize various views of the stakeholders in business organization and society especially focuses on Promasidor foods Nigeria Limited and Nestle Nigeria Plc.  The views and the dispositions of the people who will contribute will be evaluated and in the end, recommendation will be proffered as the forward step on the generated issues or problems.


It is highly significant to clarify conceptually the key word in the study so that better understanding of the topic shall be achieved.

Consumerism:  As a social movement seeking to argue that right and power of buyers in relation to seller.  It is basically a protest movement in which consumers are protesting against what they feel to be unfair, normal or basic rate of profit earned by other business of similar type

Profitability:  A firm’s ability to earn a profit and its potential for future earnings

Social Responsibility:  The expectation that companies should act in the public interest and contribute to the solution of social and ecological problem. It can as well be termed as obligation of decision makers, which protects and improves the welfare of society as a whole, done with their own interest.

Business Ethics:  It is the proper conduct of the individual and corporate entity in business situations.

Ethics in Management:  It is the determination of what is right and proper and fair or just in the behaviour of individuals or groups of management practitioners

Stakeholder:  These groups or individuals who are affected directly or indirectly by organization’s pursuit of its goal.


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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper

    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)


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