EFFECTS OF MOTIVATION STRATEGY ON WORKERS PERFORMANCE (A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS STATE DEVELOPMENT AND PROPERTY CORPORATION)

EFFECTS OF MOTIVATION STRATEGY ON WORKERS PERFORMANCE (A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS STATE DEVELOPMENT AND PROPERTY CORPORATION) 

ABSTRACT  

The study of motivation is concerned with why people have choose to behave in a certain way or chooses a particular course of action in preference to others. The underlying concept of motivation refers to some internal zeal or driving force within individual which energizes individual or group to carry out a specific course of action or to behave in a particular way. In order to achieve some goals to fulfill some needs or expectation. Individual have variety of economics, social and intrinsic needs and expectations in work place. There are many theories which attempt to explain motivation at work, this research work takes a look at these theories.

This study therefore set out to look at the concept of motivation as a means of enhancing workers effectiveness and efficiency in an' organization using Lagos State Development Property Corporation Ilupeju Office as a case study. Descriptive Research design method was adopted in the designing or' the findings.

The source of data collection was Primary and Secondary source with emphasis on Primary source. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire. Data collected were administered and subsequently analyzed with the use of statistical techniques called chi- square through Statistical Package for Social Sciences (S.P.S.S).

However major findings of the study were: that there is a significance relationship between promotion and workers effectiveness and efficiency, and that there is need to adopt a robust salary structure to enhance workers efficiency in an organization.

The study also confirmed that other fringe benefits such as car loan, equipment loan etc. should be incorporated with te motivational policy of organization to enhance workers efficiency and effectiveness.

Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that a standard motivational policy should be formulated. Also in purposeful training opportunity should be granted amongst other in order to enhance workers e

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                         PAGES

Title page                                                                 i

Certification                                                             ii

Dedication                                                               iii

Acknowledgement                                                    iv

Abstract                                                                   v

Table of contents                                                      vi-vii  

CHAPTER ONE:  Introduction

1.1       Background  of study                                       1

1.2       Statement of  problem                                      4  

1.3       Objective of the study                                       5

1.4       Research questions                                          5

1.5       Research hypothesis                                        6

1.6       Significance of the study                                   6

1.7       Scope  of the study                                           7

1.8       Limitations of the study                                    7

1.9       Operational definition of terms                         7 

CHAPTER TWO: Review of the Relevant Literature

2.0       Introduction                                             9

2.1       Relevant text                                            11

2.2       Theoretical consideration                         15  

2.3       Conceptual frame work                             24  

2.4       History of L.S.D.P.C                                  27

CHAPTER THREE: Research Methods

3.0   Introduction                                            30

3.1               Types of research design                       30

3.2               Population of the Study                        30  

3.3          Sample  size                                          31

3.4               Sampling Techniques                           31

3.5               Instrument validation                           31

3.6               Procedure for data collection

3.7               Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: Data Analysis and Interpretation of  data

4.1       Data presentation                                            34

4.2       Data analysis and test of hypotheses                34  

4.3       Interpretation of hypotheses                             53

4.4       Discussion of findings                                      53

4.5       Discussion of findings                                      54

CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation

5.1       Summary                                                         54  

5.2       Conclusion                                                      55  

5.3       Recommendations                                            56  

5.4       Suggestion for further research                         58

Bibliography                                                    58  

Research question                                            60

CHAPTER ONE PROJECT TOPICS 

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

There is a general believe that man has the natural tendency to be lazy with regards to work and he is being forced by circumstances to work. This idea about man still continue to create problems for the development process of the society in the face of abundant human and material resources resulting to low productivity. Low productivity is a problem that thrives in many societies particularly in the developing countries irrespective of constant efforts. A lot of money, energy and time are wasted which if properly utilized will yield higher productivity level and as such a greater wealth form the societies for the production of goods and services for the satisfaction of human needs. Thus when human resources are minimally utilized and maximum output are realized, it leads to realization of organization goals and predetermined objectives associated with these productive activities. The extent to which these human resources are effectively utilized, depends largely on some factors all which plays an important role in the production of goods and services'

Organizations, no matter their nature, structure and capacity  always aim at achieving their predetermined corporate objectives. Otherwise the survival of such organization will be more of a dream than reality. The success of an organization is often measured by the extent of how capable, dedicated, committed and motivated an employees are in an organization, though this can however be said to be independent on the attitude and morale of the workers in terms of their commitment and dedication towards the discharge of their oversight responsibilities. In all productive activities, the basic element and factors include land, labor and entrepreneur. The entrepreneur and the workers are both human and as such very important in any productive enterprise. They utilize the other factors for the realization of the goal of the enterprise it can then be adduced that human beings playa very vital role within any system and in particular industrial organization. For this reason alone they should be gIven a high consideration so that they can contribute effectively and efficiently during productive activities.

However in Nigeria, as well as in other developing nations, low productivity remains a recurrent phenomenon owing to the physical and psychological problems created by the needs to see how these problems can be solved, which in turn will lead to higher productivity of the organization. It is then necessary for motivation of workers in an organization to be enhanced in order to attain effectiveness and efficiency of workers at various works place.

Abiola (1992), one then wonders what the basic prerequisite of workers productivities are. Although this question cannot be answered with a definite statement, but among other factors, motivation is important to enhance level of job commitment of employees in an organization which invariably leads to higher productivity level. One of the major concerns of an organization is to improve workers productivity level which is one of the job performance measures. (Bormann 2004).

Greguras(1996) describes job performance as the extent to which an organizational members (employees) contributes to achieving the objective thrives of the organization. According Luthan (2006) when you expect the best from your employee they will give you their best. On the other hand, when you expect little from them they will give you low performance in return, which was named by Man zone and Brasseux (2004) as a set-up to fail syndrome. Many people feel that they are not recognized or appreciated by their employers for their hard work and in turn developed decrease motivation. Lack of communication and feedback and feed back from employers cause employees to feel over looked and inhibit them at performing at their best level of ability. Employees motivation may however be defined as an internal zeal which from part of the management strategies and tactics and used in influencing the behavioral attitudes of workers to wards works.

Luthans (1998) asserts that motivation is the process that arouses energIzes, directs -and sustains behavior and  performance. That is the process of stimulating people to action and to achieve a desire result. One way of getting the best out of people is to employ motivation. There are so many  variables that constitute motivational concept or factors. This includes Money, Promotion, Bonuses, Conducive work environment amongst others.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

The management of people at work is an integral part of the management process to understand the critical importance of people in an organization, is to recognize that human element and the organization are both synonymous in nature. Some leaders or managers do not appreciate the fact that that employees have to be adequately motivated to ensure that they do what is expected of them as at when due with less supervision, so that both individual and organization objectives could efficiently and effectively actualized without much conflict.

However, the prevailing situation in the environments where supply of labor is greater than its demand, also, in order to find lasting solution to the unproductive nature of the public servants in the government establishment or parastatals, the concept of motivation shall be critically examined with a view to unveils some problems.

Inadequate motivation policies for employee's couple with lack of commitment, discipline, and loyalty on the part of the motivated staff. Another incentive like housing esteem ego goes a long way in motivati1"lg workers. The question now is has each organization has enough money to execute its housing scheme. Also that worker feels reluctant to work when they are not been motivated. Another problem is that workers generally would dislike to work under autocratic leader who has little or no regards their workers. Inadequate training and development leads to poor performance of the workers. All these among others are what induce me into this research work.

1.3 PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY  

The purpose and objective of the study are follows:-

To ascertain the extent on how promotion as a factor of motivation influence workers effectiveness and efficiency at work place. To equally examine the effect of fringe benefits on the performance of workers in the organization. To identity various motivational policies embarked upon by the organization on its workers. To examine how often does organization review its salary structure and it effect on workers effectiveness and efficiency. To establish the relationship or correlation between bonuses given and effectiveness and efficiency of an employees.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 

To what extent does promotion enhance workers efficiency?

 Does fringe benefits improved employee effectives

To what extents are bonuses given increased the productivity of employees.

How often does organization review its salary structure?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

Ho:- That there IS no significant relationship between promotion and workers efficiency.

Hi:- That there is significant relationship between promotion and workers efficiency.

Ho:- That there is no significant relationship between fringe benefit and employee efficiency.

Hi:- That there is significant relationship between fringe benefits and employee efficiency.

Ho:- That there is no significant relationship between salary / Remuneration packages and worker efficiency

Hi:- That there is significant relationship between salary and worker efficiency.

1.6 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY   

The significant of this finding is to know why some workers in the Lagos state Development and Property Corporation are not effective and efficient in terms of their contribution to organization growth and development. The study will enable the management of the corporation to develop effective and efficient motivational incentives that will enhance workers effectiveness and efficiency.

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research finding covers total effect of motivation of motivation or relevance of motivation on employee performance with a critical look on Lagos state Development and Property Corporation (L.S.D.P.C). It covers the entire staff of the corporation.

1.8 LIMITATION

In carrying out this research work, here are some considerable factors which could militate against the smooth operational conduct of this finding. Financial and time constraint shall constitute major problem since value is attached to every minute during work hour. In addition, management usually defends their organization of which their interest is not synonymous with that of their workers.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

 MOTIVATION:- Internal zeal that energizes workers towards performing a particular function or task.

MOTIVES:- Reason for taking a particular course of action.

 MANAGEMENT: - Planning, Coordination and Organization of all activities in an organization so as to achieve an organization predetermined objectives.

Effectiveness: The degree  to which goals are attained.

EFFICIENCY:-Meeting up with standard and organization specification.

JOB SATISFACTION:- The gratification that a person contented and happy with situation of things at work.

GOAL: - This refers to as hope for rewards which motives 2 directed to anything that satisfies human needs.

COMMUNICATION:- Act or processes by which informati are disseminated in an organization. It could be from the t to the low or vice versa.

FEEDBACK: - Report from the disseminated information.

.

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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