EFFECTS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (lCT) ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN LAGOS STATE UNIVERSITY.

ABSTRACT

The research project was conducted to assess the effects of Information and communication Technology (ICT) on academic performance of students in Lagos State University.

The study among others, examine students competency skill in handling (ICT) facilities in schools for academic excellence.

The instrument used in carrying out this study is an itemized questionnaire which is used to elicit information from Students and their view on Impact of (ICT) on academic performance of students. Three hypothesis was constructed and ten itemized questions was drawn against each hypothesis which make it 30 itemized questions in all.

The effect of (ICT) on academic performance of students in LASU. The target population is made up of all the students in Lagos State University but due to inconveniences of large population of study. The population of the study  comprised of two hundred and forty  (240) students. The data collected from this study was analyzed and interpret by using chi-square computation analysis.

Research instruments include:

  1. Test of students gender Attitude Towards ICTs (TSGAICT)
  2. Questionnaire on students ICTs Acquired Skills (QSICTAS)
  3. Questionnaire on ICTs Resources Available of students (QICTRAS)

Base on the researcher findings, when the questionnaires were administered. The study revealed that there is strong relationship between (ICT) facilities and academic performance of students in LASU.

And the recommendation by the researcher, if implemented would help to improve the standard of education in Lagos State.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page                                                                                  i

Certification                                                                              ii

Dedication                                                                                iii

Acknowledgement                                                                      iv

 Abstract                                                                                   vi

Table of content                                                                        vii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the study                                                    1

1.2   Purpose of  the Study                                                        4

1.3   Statement of the Problem                                                   5

1.4   Significance of the Study                                                    6

1.5   Research Hypotheses                                                         7

1.6   Scope of the Study                                                             7

1.7   Operational definition of terms                                           8

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1   Theoretical framework                                                       10

2.2   Review of related literature                                                 13  

2.3   Meaning of Information and Communication

Technology. (ICT)                                                               16

2.4   Role of Information and Communication Technology            18

2.5   Teleconference                                                                   21

2.6   Nigerian Information and Communication Technology

(ICT) Policies                                                                      24

2.7   Current ICT Initiatives and Projects                                    26

2.8   Telecommunication in Nigeria                                             26

2.9   Impact of ICT and Academic Performance of students 

 in schools                                                                        28

2.10  ICT Training Programmes  among students and how  

it enhance academic performance in schools.                      34

2.11  ICT resources support available in schools information and Communication Technology ICT in primary education          35  

2.12  Information and Communication Technology ICT in

Secondary School level Education                                       36

2.13  Information and Communication Technology ICT In Tertiary                level Education                                                                 38

2.14  Information and Communication Technology ICT in                             Lagos State University                                                         41

2.15  The Challenges and Benefits of ICT in Tertiary Education

in Nigeria                                                                          43

2.16  Information and Communication Technology (ICT) benefits

for Nigeria  Tertiary Institutions                                          45

                             CHAPTER THREE

                          METHODOLOGY                                                                      39

3.1      Research Design                                                             49       

3.2      Population of the Study                                                   50

3.3      Sample and Sampling procedure                                     50

3.4      Variables in the Study                                                    50

3.5      Research instruments                                                     51

3.6      Validity of the Instrument                                               53

3.7      Reliability of the Instrument                                            53

3.8      Procedure for the Study                                                  53

3.9      Data Analysis                                                                 54

                                      CHAPTER FOUR

                                    RESULT OF FINDINGS

4.1      Discussion of Result                                                       55

4.2      Questionnaire Analysis                                                   55

                                           CHAPTER FIVE

5.0      Summary, Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1      Summary of findings and discussions                             62

5.2      Conclusion                                                                     67

5.3      Recommendation                                                            69

           References                                                                      71

           Appendix (Questionnaire)                                                75

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND  TO THE STUDY

The effects of information and communication ICT on academic performance of students in higher education programmes has been topic of a good deal of debate. This is because information and communication Technology ICT has become key tools and had a revolutionary impact of how we see the world and how we live in it.

This phenomenon has given origin to the contemporary and advances in our ways of life. There is drastic improvement on how students and lecturers explore benefits from information and Communication Technologies ICTs opportunities academic research, teaching and learning.

Information and communication technology ICT is the technology that ahs made positive impact in information generation, storage, retrieval and transmission or communication. Adeyinka, (1999). According to Adeya (2005), information and Communication Technologies ICTs cover internet services provision, telecommunications equipments and services, information technology equipment and services, media and broadcasting, libraries and documentation centres, commercial information providers, network based information services and other related information and communication activities.

Higher education is approaching the point at which information and communication Technology (ICT), plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process. Every  institutions higher learning uses computers in their educational programmed and Lagos State University is not exempted. Today such issues like Global Mobile System of Communication (GSM), digitalization of information such as texts, numbers and sound are commonly used. They have inevitably become part of the information society and have encouraged easy access to data, records and information and above all made transmission of information among individuals million of miles always possible and less cumbersome.                              

However, the real challenge of information and communication is not the development of technology, but how to apply and use it for academic. Chukuwunonso (2004) is of the opinion that technology is developing faster than our ability to adopt it. The greatest difficulty is getting people to change.

John (1999) posits that Information Technology IT policies have been inconsistently developed or are lacking in many instances in higher institutions. According  to him, where they exist, institutions have implemented policies regarding the sue of computers in educational programs unevenly.      

Oyediran (2004) carried out surveys on awareness and adoption of information and communication Technology (ICT) by educators in Nigeria”. It reveals that capacity development of the educators and ICT facilities that can integrate IT culture into educational system of undergraduates have been taken for granted.

Nwaboku, (2002) notes that the present state (Teacher chalk—Board Method) is highly pathetic bearing in mind the obvious capacity of the computer and ICT such as that it ensues creative and independent learning, immediate feedback and the provision of unparallel interaction. The various technologies such as the slide projector, computers laptops, internets, world wide web and so on have been promoted over last 100 years to revolutionize education. But the problems is that, are these ICT facilities reality available in Nigerian schools. It can also be examine that to what extent is the students knowledge  of technical know how (skill) support use of information and communication technology for academic solutions in schools.

The evidence is clear that there are many problems with the current academic system. The fact of matter is that Nigeria tertiary intuitions instructional methods have not changed over the last 50 years. Chukwunonso (2004) in the long run, the effectiveness of these ICT and new digital tools will be dependent on the way in which ICT policies are evaluated and implemented.         

1.2       PURPOSE OF THE STUDY                                                                    

In a complex society like Nigeria, we recognize that several factors affects the academic performance of students in their various academic purist of higher institutions. For that reason, the purpose of this study is not is not to look in to such factors but to discuss information communication technology in relation to students education performance and relate it to sustainable development of education in Lagos State university.

Nellie (2001) suggests a follow –up of new innovations of informational and communication technology ICT trends, points to the fact that the educational system cannot shy away from the application of computers for instruction purposes in its entire ramification but these facilities are not readily available.

This research study intends to:

  1. Examine the availability of information and communication technologies ICTs facilities for students usage in schools.
  2. Examines the pedagogical usage of ICTs
  3. Examine the concept of information and communication technologies ICT and its relevance to education.
  4. Examine student’s competency skills in handling ICT facilities in schools fro academic excellence. 
  5. To examine the impact of government on policy and provision of ICTs resources and facilities  in schools

1.3       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The research will examined students’ usage of computer and internet facilities for pedagogy of study at the tertiary levels, specifically, the work will take cognizance of the effects of information and communication technology ICT resources support availability, competence skills level of students and lecturers for information and communications technology  exploration, students of Lagos State University attitudes about ICTs and the importance of use of computer for research purposes in schools.

It is also a great concern of this research project to address the above problems from the following viewpoints.      

The problem to this research project is that, effects of information and communication technology (ICT) on academic performance of students in Lagos State University have not been examine. Also, it is also of great concern of this research to ascertain benefits students of Lagos State University get from ICTs facilities for academic excellence.

1.4   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 

The result of this research study will enable individual students, lecturers and government to discover the impact of information and Communication Technology in sourcing for information improving academic performance and shaping workforce opportunities.

It is also believed that the findings f this study will be of interest to the policy maker, curriculum developers, corporate bodies, students lecturers and the general masses who are continuous searching for how to explore ICTs services facilities for society development. This finding can also be of benefits to anyone as source of innovative ideas.

1.5   RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

For the purpose of this research, the following null hypothesis will be postulated and tested.

Ho1:  There is no significant difference between students gender attitude towards ICTs and academic performance of students in higher institution.   

Ho2:  There is no significant difference between students  (ICTs) skills and academic performance of student in higher institution

Ho3:  There is no significant difference between  effects of ICTs resources available and academic performance of students in higher institutions.

1.6   SCOPE  OF THE STUDY

This research study focuses mainly on the effects of information and communication Technology and the academic performance of students. The study will be limited to Lagos State University.

          Also, the issue of time, finance and logistic will affects effective investigation, as the project has to be submitted within a particular time frame. 

1.7   OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS 

Academic:            It implies things connected with education, especially studying in schools and universities. It involves a lot of reading and studying, rather than practical or technical skills.

Performance:       How ell or badly you do something. For example: High performance. The new management of the school aim to improve students academic performance.  

Effect:                   A change that something or somebody causes

ICT:                      Information and communication technology means the study or use of electronic equipment such as computers internet,Facebook, cell-phone e.t.c for storing, acquiring and analyzing information  

Computer:           An electronic machine that can store, organize and find information, do calculation and control other machine.

The internet:       An international computer network connecting ether network and computers from companies, universities, countries, government, broadcasting stations etc.

Server:                 A computer programme that controls or supplies information to several computers connected in a network.

The world wide web: a system for finding information on the

(www)                   internet, in which document are connected to other documents using hypertext links 

Cell Phone:          It is a digital computerized wireless phone used to communicate between two individuals. It can store, retrieve and send information;

G.S.M:Global Mobile System of Communication.      

.

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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