EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF DANGOTE FLOUR MILL PLC)

EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF DANGOTE FLOUR MILL PLC)  

ABSTRACT

This study examines the effects of globalization on domestic manufacturing industries in Nigeria using Dangote Flour Mill Plc as case study; It adopted a survey research design to elicit data. 65 employees of Dangote Flour Mill Plc were selected using scientific sampling technique. Questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection and the collected data were statistically analysed using the simple percentage, and chi- square non parametric technique of hypothesis testing.  The analysis was carried out using statistical Package of Social - Sciences (SPSS) as a tool. All the hypotheses tested were rejected. The finding revealed that globalization has impact on the performance of domestic manufacturing industries in Nigeria and also the development .of domestic manufacturing industry has effect on prices on goods and services.  Finally, the study submitted that globalization positively affect the performance of domestic manufacturing industries. Therefore, the domestic manufacturing industries in Nigeria should embrace the benefit that comes with globalization.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the study

1.2     Statement of the problem

1.3     Objective of the study

1.4     Research Questions

1.5     Research Hypotheses

1.6     Significance of the study

1.7     Scope of the study

1.8     Definition of terms

1.9     Historical Background of the study

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Introduction

2.2     Conceptual framework

2.3     The impact of globalization on the manufacturing sector in Nigeria

2.4     Forces of globalization

2.5     Challenges for Nigeria  

2.6     Theoretical framework

2.7     Summary of the chapter

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

3.1     Introduction

3.2     Research design

3.3     Population of the study

3.4     Sample and sampling technology

3.5     Data collection method

3.6     Data collection instrument and its administration

3.7     Validity and reliability of the instrument  

3.8     Techniques of data analysis

3.9     Limitations of the study

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1     Introduction

4.2     Data presentation and analysis according to research question

4.3     Data presentation and analysis according to research question

4.4     Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.0     Introduction

5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendation

5.4     Suggestion for further studies

References

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Globalization could simply be described as the integration of national economies through trade investment and financial interaction. The concept of globalization began to thrive shortly after the end of Second World War when the allies led by the united State decided to support a world wide open trading and investment system. The collapse of the Soviet Union, the fall of the Berlin wall and anti-climatic end of the cold war aided the emergence of the ascendancy of the globalization trend. This resulted in the hurried marketization and democratization of the former soviet states of Eastern Europe and selective absorption into mainstream western Alliance system of the hitherto to communist States. Beyond this however, globalization aided by supersonic transformation in information technology integrated the world through push of free market economy as well as liberal democracy. (Olaleye, 2002).

Globalization has increased the volume of trade by the developing nations in general and that of Nigeria in particular. The continuous growth in. imports and exports is seen as evidence that countries are becoming independent on global markets.

Globalization has also brought about revelation, in technology. In fact one of the propelling agents is technology. There have been developments of new and improved method of doing traditional things otherwise called technological progress. The Banking sector more than any other sector is the hardest hit (Olajide, 2002).

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

There is wide spread of trade around the globe thereby increasing the level of competition in the manufacturing industry globally. The domestic manufacturing industry in Nigeria is faced with the problem of competing with the developed countries who through globalization continue to improve and advance on daily basis in innovation and in information technology. The technological environments are moving at supersonic speed, Computers, Telephones, Televisions and wireless forms of communication now are merging into telecommunication both to create multimedia products and allow individuals in the developed world to communicate with others, hereby improving manpower skills, improving in method of production, efficiency and effectiveness of business organization. Globalization has helped these developed countries to achieve quality, quantity, price, durability, manpower skill, and etc. If the domestic manufacturing industries fails to heed the lessons of globalization it will be gradually whipped into line by the forces unleashed by globalization.

Therefore, it is upon this premise that a study of this nature is necessary in order to identify the effect of all afore mentioned factors on the development of domestic manufacturing industries in order for them to be able to compete globally.(project topics   final year project topics )

1.3    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main objective of this study is to examine the effect of globalization on the development of domestic manufacturing industry with Dangote Flour Mills PLC as a focus. This, in order to achieve the above objectives, the following specific objectives will be our guide.

1.       To examine whether the development of domestic manufacturing industries have effect on prices of goods and services?

2.       To examine whether increase in the level of competition with globalization have effect on prices of goods and service?

3.       To examine whether organization output' in, domestic manufacturing industry affect price?

4.       To examine whether quality plays a role in the acceptability of goods and services of domestic manufacturing companies globally?

1.4    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

In order to achieve the objectives of this study, the following are the research questions:

1.       Does the development of domestic manufacturing industries have effect on prices of goods and services?

2.       Does increase in the level of competition with globalization have effect on prices of goods and service?

3.       To what extent does organization output in domestic manufacturing industry affect price?

4.       To what extent does quality plays in the acceptability of goods and services of the domestic manufacturing companies globally?

1.5    RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

To provide, answers to the research-questions the following hypotheses will be tested.

1.       Globalization has impact on the performance of domestic manufacturing industries in Nigeria.

2.       The development of domestic manufacturing industries has effect on prices of goods and services.

1.6    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

A study of this kind is expected to make theoretical and practical contributions to manufacturing companies in Nigeria. Thus, Nigeria is the most populous black nation in the world and the effect of globalization on the country could be generalized for other countries in the sub-Sahara Africa, so the effect of globalization process on Nigeria has a determinant effect on other countries in Africa.

Also, it is hoped that this stud' will provide manufacturing companies an incite on how organizations, can cope in the ever-changing, turbulent business environment in developing countries and how organization activities can be organized in order to cope effectively with opportunities and trend in the business environment.

Also, how to overcome industrial or economic recession changes in social variables increase competition and technological advancement. In addition, it is hoped that this study will help the policy makers to see need to invest more in technology in a nation like Nigeria that encourages small and medium enterprises scale (SMEs).

This study is also expected to prove to scholars and imminent researchers, that it is possible to manufacture quality product in a developing nation like Nigeria with Globalization.

Furthermore, for Business administration student who aspires to become Managers manufacturing industries, it is expected that this study win expose them on how products can be advertised and distributed in the global village without stress and with less cost, thanks to globalization

1.7    SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The basic premise on which this study is based is the effect of globalization on the development of domestic manufacturing industries in Nigeria with Dangote Flour Mills Plc as a case study. The study covers representative numbers of the generality of the workers in the organization. No special consolidation is given to sex, age and Nationality in collecting data from the respondents.

The first set-back encountered in the course of carrying out this research is the time limitation. The Nigeria academic environment has been largely infected by irregularities and uncertainties and as such abnormal academic calendar.

Another key limitation was that of finance. Since I do not have a computer system. of my own I have to pay to get the research work typed out. Furthermore the fear of insincere response on the part of the respondents even when a questionnaire is administered on them.

1.8    DEFINITION OF BASIC TERMS

Globalization: Globalization could simply be described as the integration of national economies through trade investment and financial interaction

Manufacturing Industries: A manufacturing industry is an industry where goods are produced and they prepare what is known as manufacturing account. A manufacturing account is basically a list of cost relating to the production of goods (i.e. factory relation expenses).

Development: Is a process of improving the economy of a country by increasing the amount of business activities.

Technology Development: It is a process of using advanced scientific mechanism in an industry to improve it productivity.

Manpower: All the people who are available to do a particular job or to work in a particular place.

Management: Is the art and science of getting done through other people using both human and non-human resources.

Performance: The degree of efficiency and effectiveness with which organizational objectives are achieved. Thus efficiency and effectiveness are the determinants of performance in the study.

Strategy: The unified comprehensive plan that the enterprise develops to achieve its objective.

Enterprises: This is any commercial undertake that is either publicly owned or controlled.  The word is used interchangeably with organization in this study.

Company: Is an association of a number of person carrying on business for the purpose of a monetary gain, although there are other companies that are deliberately non-profit making.

Business Environment: This is the sum total of the physical and potentially relevant to the organization goals setting and goal attainment which are taken directly into consideration by members of the organization when making business decision and plans.

1.9    HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE CASE STUDY:

Dangote Flour Mills Plc commenced operations in 1999, as a division of Dangote industries limited. One of Nigeria's largest and fastest growing conglomerates. Following the strategic decision of DIL unbundled its various operation, Dangote flour Mills Plc was incorporated in January, 2006. The restructuring was completed in January, 2006 when the federal High court sanctioned a scheme of arrangement where in all the assets, liabilities and undertakings of the erstwhile Flour division of OIL were transferred to Dangote Flour Mills Plc. From an initial installed capacity of 500 MT per day at its Apapa mill, Dangote flour has expanded rapidly by opening in quick successions, Three other flour mills in Kano (2000), Calabar (2001) and installed capacity of 5000 MT per day but three of them were subsequently expanded resulting in a total installed capacity 5000 MT per day distributed as follows:

Apapa         -        1000 MT per day

Kano           -        1500 MT per day

Calabar       -        1000 Mt per day

Ilorin           -        500 MT per day

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How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

  • Methodology In Research Paper


    Chapter three of the research project or the research methodology is another significant part of the research project writing. In developing the chapter three of the research project, you state the purpose of research, research method you wish to adopt, the instruments to be used, where you will collect your data, types of data collection, and how you collected it.

    This chapter explains the different methods to be used in the research project. Here you mention the procedures and strategies you will employ in the study such as research design, study design in research, research area (area of the study), the population of the study, etc. You also tell the reader your research design methods, why you chose a particular method, method of analysis, how you planned to analyze your data.

    Your methodology should be written in a simple language such that other researchers can follow the method and arrive at the same conclusion or findings.

    You can choose a survey design when you want to survey a particular location or behavior by administering instruments such as structured questionnaires, interviews, or experimental; if you intend manipulating some variables.

    The purpose of chapter three (research methodology) is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Some supervisors do not understand this and require students to write what is in effect, a textbook.

    A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study. The chapter three should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of research. It is very important that before choosing design methods try and ask yourself the following questions: Will I generate enough information that will help me to solve the research problem by adopting this method?

    Method vs Methodology

    I think the most appropriate in methods versus methodology is to think in terms of their inter-connectedness and relationship between both. You should not beging thinking so much about research methods without thinking of developing a research methodology.

    Metodologia or methodology is the consideration of your research objectives and the most effective method and approach to meet those objectives. That is to say that methodology in research paper is the first step in planning a research project work.

    Design Methodology: Methodological Approach

    Example of methodology in research paper, you are attempting to identify the influence of personality on a road accident, you may wish to look at different personality types, you may also look at accident records from the FRSC, you may also wish to look at the personality of drivers that are accident victims, once you adopt this method, you are already doing a survey, and that becomes your metodologia or methodology.

    Your methodology should aim to provide you with the information to allow you to come to some conclusions about the personalities that are susceptible to a road accident or those personality types that are likely to have a road accident.

    The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education, but all of the subjects constitute a defensible in metodologia or methodology chapter.

    Click here to complete this article - How To Write Chapter Three Of Your Research Project (Research Methodology)

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